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J. L. HUDSON, SEEDSMAN, BOX 337, LA HONDA, CALIFORNIA 94020-0337 USA
2014 SEEDLIST Vegetable Seed E - R
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Match term(s) in J.L. Hudson Search Index:

EGGPLANT
Solanum melongena var. esculentum. Start seed early indoors, mid- to late March, for transplanting outside 8 - 10 weeks later. Space plants 2 - 3 feet apart in rows 2 - 3 feet apart. Eggplants need full sun and loose, deep, rich soil.
USDA Germination Standard: 60%.
—Eggplant Black Beauty. (250) VEGG-BB. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
Classic large oval purple-black eggplants on big, spreading plants. Fine quality and keeps well.

NEW—Eggplant Finger Fruit White. (100) VEGG-FF. Packet: $3.00
1/4 Oz: $7.50
Small creamy-white eggplants in the classic teardrop shape. Tender and mild tasting.
—Eggplant Louisiana Long Green. (100) VEGG-LA. Packet: $3.00
1/4 Oz: $9.00
Heirloom from the South. Tall plants produce abundant crops of 8" pale green eggplants. White flesh with superb mild flavor, not bitter. A favorite for its high productivity and fine flavor.
—Eggplant Pandora Striped Rose. (100) VEGG-PA. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $6.00
Pretty rosy-lilac teardrop-shaped eggplants with white streaks. Heavy producer, good for market.
—Eggplant Ruffled Red. (100) VEGG-RR. Packet: $2.50
Click for photos » Solanum integrifolium vase.jpg (81287 bytes) Solanum integrifolium4.jpg (87310 bytes)
Solanum integrifolium. Striking deep red-orange, flattened, ribbed fruit, 1 - 3" across. Pleasantly bitter, used in Asian stir-fry. Highly ornamental plants to 2 - 3 feet tall, with dark purple stems and soft green leaves. Cut branches of the fruits make long-lasting autumn decorations.

FENNEL: See Specialty Vegetables

FRENCH SORREL: See Specialty Vegetables

GROUND CHERRY: See Specialty Vegetables

HUAZONTLE: See Specialty Vegetables

KALE
Brassica oleracea. Also known as Borecole, Kale is a cool weather crop, with sweet tender leaves. A good fodder plant for poultry and livestock. In the South, sow in late summer or early fall for winter and spring harvest. In cold climates, sow in late spring for fall harvest. Likes full sun and a rich, well-drained soil. Keep moist. Sow seeds 1/4" deep, thin to 1 1/2 feet apart in rows 1 1/2 - 2 feet apart.
USDA Germination Standard: 75%.
NEW—Kale Galega de Folhas Lisas. (200) VKAL-GF. Packet: $2.50 OUT OF STOCK
Portuguese variety with big rounded smooth green leaves. Some claim it has the best flavor of any kale.
—Kale Mixed Gene Pool. (500) VKAL-GP. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $9.00
A selection from a Massachusetts gardener, who says: "This kale began about 20 years ago as 'asparagus kale' from the Seed Saver's Exchange. Here in my garden it's almost perennial. It's a prolific seeder, and bees love the flowers. The leaves are large and flat, not as round as collards, and some are crinkly."
—Kale Red Ursa. (50) VKAL-RU. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC
Outstanding variety with broad, slightly frilled leaves with red veins and purple stems. Great for salad mixes. Bolting stems from over-wintered plants are sweet and tender—eat like asparagus. Organically grown seed.
NEW—Kale Walking Stick. (150) VKAL-WS. Packet: $3.00 OUT OF STOCK
Click for photo » Kale Walking Stick 25.jpg (107154 bytes)
Brassica oleracea longata. The famous giant kale (or cabbage), reaching 5 - 7 feet the first year, and up to 20 feet the second. The straight thick trunks may be cut and polished to make handsome walking sticks, and the leaves may be harvested for years. Striking and unusual.
—Kale White Russian. (50) VKAL-W. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC
Deeply ruffled dusky green leaves with white veins and mid-ribs. Stands wet soil, vigorous and productive. Nice in salads and braising mixes. In 1995 Garden City Seeds in Montana judged this to be the most cold-hardy and best tasting kale. Organically grown seed.

KOHLRABI
Brassica oleracea var. Caulo-rapa. A member of the cabbage family, the stem forms a ball-shaped bulb which is eaten. It is a delicious vegetable combining the best qualities of turnip and cabbage when cooked, and is mild, sweet and crisp eaten raw. Sow in early spring or late summer, spacing plants 6 - 8" apart in rows 1 1/2 feet apart. Prefers cool weather and light, rich soil. Best young and tender.
USDA Germination Standard: 75%.
—Kohlrabi Delicacy Purple. (100) VKOH-DP. Packet: $2.50
Specialty variety for salad mixes, with extra-large first leaves for micro-greens. Matures to produce crisp purple bulbs.
—Kohlrabi Early Purple Vienna. (500) VKOH-EP. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
60 days. An old-fashioned, pre 1885 variety with purple skin and leaves. Flesh white and tender, sweet and mild flavor cooked or raw.

LEEKS
Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum. Leeks are a popular vegetable in Europe and the Mid-East, where their mild, sweet, onion-like flavor is valued in stews, pies, casseroles and soups. They are hardy plants and may be sown in spring for harvest during fall, winter, or through to the following spring. Sow seed in early spring in rows 1 foot apart, thinning to 4" apart in the row. When plants are nearly mature, draw soil around the stalks to blanch.
USDA Germination Standard: 60%.
—Leek American Flag. (1000) VLEE-AF. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00
Classic home-garden variety with tall blue-green leaves and thick, white stalks. Cold hardy, for fall and winter harvest. Mild oniony flavor, delicious roasted or grilled ,with olive oil, or in soups, etc.
—Leek Giant Musselburg. (100) VLEE-GM. Packet: $2.50
1/2 Oz: $7.50
Big vigorous leeks with pleasant mild flavor. Very cold hardy Scottish heirloom, introduced to gardeners in the early 1800s.
NEW—Leek Perennial Leek. (10 bulblets) VLEE-P. $5.00
Allium ampeloprasum var. kurrat. Hardy perennial producing slender leeks all winter in mild climates (Zone 6 or warmer). Leaves die back in July/August, and resprout in September/October. Eat the young leaves all winter, and mature leeks from February to spring. Produces abundant offsets. Can take temperatures into the teens or single digits without any leaf damage, so you can harvest all winter.

LETTUCE
Lactuca sativa. Sow in rows 1 foot apart as early as the ground can be worked, not covering the seed, as light is needed for germination. Thin to 8" apart as they develop. Or, plant in flats 1 month before planting out. Transplant carefully. Lettuce prefers cool to moderate temperatures, and is best sown in spring or early fall in a light, well-drained soil. Give shade in hot weather. For a continual crop, sow every few weeks, as long as desired.
There are four basic types of lettuce: Loose-Leaf, Butterhead, Crisphead, and Cos or Romaine. Within these types there are also: Winter Lettuces, which are more adapted to cold and will withstand ordinary winters with little care. Spring Lettuces head rapidly and are sown just after winter. Summer Lettuces are usually larger and do not run to seed as fast in hot weather.
USDA Germination Standard: 80%.

Loose Leaf Types:
These form large, spreading rosettes of tender leaves. Good for continuous picking, taking what is needed from the outer leaves. Easily grown, withstands poor soil, neglect and bad weather.
—Lettuce Amish Deer Tongue. (100) VLET-AM. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $9.00
Unusual triangular green leaves in thick, loose heads. Hardy and productive. Very flavorful.

—Lettuce Cimmaron. (1000) VLET-CM. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
Heirloom from the 1700s. A tall romaine type with bronzy-cinnamon and green leaves, tender and delicate. Cold hardy, grows best in cool weather.
—Lettuce Cracoviensis. (100) VLET-CR. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
Unique French heirloom, forming loose heads of pointed savoyed leaves, marked with patches of deep purple. Bolts easily in warm weather, forming a thick, tender rosy stem which is prized as a vegetable. Called 'red celtuce' in the 1880s, so the stem was the main use then, but it can be a dual crop. Organically-grown.
—Lettuce Emerald Oak. (100) VLET-EO. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
Brilliant green oakleaf, with almost a butter-lettuce head of sweet tender leaves. Very nice texture and flavor, can be used for salad at any size.
—Lettuce Hyper Red Rumple Waved. (250) VLET-HY. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC
1/4 Oz: $12.00
Vivid deep purple-red leaves, strongly savoyed, semi-cos, with nice tender crumpled hearts. Remarkable summer color, cold-hardy into autumn. One of the most dramatic red lettuces from Wild Garden selections. Organically grown.

—Lettuce Jericho. (500) VLET-JR. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $7.50
Romaine type from Israel, with crisp, tall, bright green heaves. Slow bolting, heat tolerant yet does well in cool weather.
NEW—Lettuce Joker. (150) VLET-JK. Packet: $3.00 OTC ORGANIC SEED

One of the best crispleaf or iceberg types, with thick, crunchy, crinkled leaves, light green splashed red. Great heat and cold tolerance. Makes dense heads. Organically grown.
—Lettuce Lolla Rosa Darkness. (2000) VLET-LRD. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
Compact heads of deeply curled, frilled leaves, with an intense dark burgundy color. One of the darkest of this type. Slow bolting for a long harvest. Good color and texture for salad mixes.
—Lettuce Mascara. (100) VLET-M. Packet: $2.50
Deep purple-red oak-leaf type, forming a large rosette of thick, curly leaves. Stays red even in hot weather. Bolt resistant and non-bitter. Heat and cold tolerant, an excellent cutting lettuce for mesclun.
"Mascara lettuce is outstanding: 16" across and still tender!"—K. Kennedy, California, 1/97.
NEW—Lettuce Mayan Jaguar. (150) VLET-MJ. Packet: $3.00 OTC ORGANIC SEED
Upright romaine type, with green ruffled leaves with dark red spots. Sweet, juicy, and crunchy, with rose-pink hearts. Another nice one from Frank Morton. Organically grown.
—Lettuce Oak Leaf. (1000) VLET-OL. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00
Thick rosettes of deeply-lobed medium-green leaves that stay sweet and tender, with no bitterness. Very heat-resistant, for long-lasting harvest throughout summer. An old favorite, with good reason.

NEW—Lettuce Red Ball Jets. (150) VLET-RBJ. Packet: $3.00 OTC ORGANIC SEED
Reddest of the red crisphead types, developed by Frank Morton and named alter the classic kids' tennis shoes many of us wore back in the day. Deep red-purple leaves, crumpled and savoyed, forming a dense crisp head. Stands heat. Organically grown.
—Lettuce Red Velvet. (100) VLET-RV. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $7.50
Deep, dark, red-purple rumpled leaves, one of the darkest red lettuces available. Crisp and crunchy. From the Seed Saver's Exchange.

NEW—Lettuce Silvia. (1000) VLET-SL. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
Romaine type with wine-red leaves with a buttery texture and sweet flavor. Heat and cold tolerant, fast growing. Good for baby leaf mixes.
NEW—Lettuce Vivian. (1000) VLET-VV. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
Deep green romaine type, forming tight heads with a crisp, crunchy texture. Stands heat, Excellent for baby leaf production.
—Lettuce Yugoslavian Red Butterhead. (1000) VLET-YR. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $12.00
Big heads of tender red-tinged leaves, the center almost white, sometimes streaked with red.


MAIZE: See Corn.

MANGEL WURZEL: See Specialty Vegetables

MELONS

Cucumis melo. A group of annual melons that includes the heavily scented netted varieties known as cantaloupes, as well as the smooth-skinned melons such as crenshaw, casaba and honeydew.
Muskmelons need full sun and soil rich in organic matter. Plenty of water gives the best results. Sow seed when the weather has warmed, in hills spaced 4 - 6 feet apart each way. Plant 5 - 8 seeds per hill, thinning to the 3 or 4 best plants. Best sown direct to the garden, as they dislike transplanting.
USDA Germination Standard: 75%.
NEW—Melon Altai. (50) VMEL-AL. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $8.00
Large round mild-flavored muskmelon, originally from the Altai region of the Soviet Union. Very early, good for northern gardens.
NEW—Melon Collective Farm Woman. (50) VMEL-CF. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.00
A Ukrainian heirloom, with round, smooth 10" melons. Dark rind turns orange-yellow when ripe. Extremely sweet creamy-white flesh. Keeps well.
—Melon Delice de la Table. (40) VMEL-DT. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $7.50
Very rare, nearly extinct French heirloom from the 1800s. Deeply ribbed melons with orange and white mottled skin, sweet orange flesh. Another fine variety brought back by the Seed Savers Exchange.
—Melon Delicious 51. (50) VMEL-D. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $4.00
One of the best O.P. (open pollinated) home garden cantaloupes. Round, well-netted 4 - 5 pound melons with deep orange flesh. Sweet, juicy and high quality.
—Melon Emerald Gem. (25) VMEL-EG. Packet: $2.50
Dark green ribbed 2 - 3 pound melons with sweet and juicy rich orange flesh. Introduced by Burpee in 1886, it became one of the most popular melons of the day, called "luscious beyond description."
—Melon Hollybrook Luscious. (50) VMEL-HL. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $7.50
Heavy, green-skinned melons with distinct ribs and thick, sweet, juicy pale orange flesh. Aromatic and thin-skinned, these melons get quite large, up to 8 - 10 pounds. Introduced by T.W. Woods and Sons, named after their farm.

NEW—Melon Minnesota Midget. (100) VMEL-MM. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
Softball-sized melons have deliciously sweet golden flesh. Extremely early, can even produce two crops. Developed by the University of Minnesota in 1948. Compact plants can be grown in containers. Good for northern areas or small gardens.
—Melon Noir Des Carmes. (=Early Black Rock) (10) VMEL-NC. Packet: $3.00
Heirloom French cantaloupe, with slightly flattened, ribbed smooth melons. Very dark green skin, nearly black, turning orange when ripe. Dark orange flesh, very fragrant and sweet. Small size, 2 - 3 1/2 lb. One of the finest early French melons, once popular, now very hard to find.
—Melon Snap. (25) VMEL-SN. Packet: $3.00
10 grams: $10.00
Cucumis melo var. momordica. 'SNAP MELON', 'KACHRA'. An unusual variety from India, where the young tender fruits are eaten raw or cooked, and the ripe fruits eaten as a dessert. The fruits explode when mature, scattering their seeds and giving them the name 'snap' melon.
—Melon Tigger. (25) VMEL-TG. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $7.50
Click for photo » Melon Tigger.jpg (31015 bytes)
Cucumis melo. Small smooth melons to 1 pound. Beautiful golden skin with bright red-orange tiger stripes. Highly fragrant white flesh, meltingly sweet cantaloupe flavor. Armenian heirloom, does well in dry climates. A real winner for farmer's market sales.

NEW—Melon White Crenshaw. (100) VMEL-WC. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
Large 8- 10 pound melons with smooth skin and crisp, spicy, white to rose pink flesh. Stores well. Crenshaws are said to be one of the sweetest in the melon family, created by crossing Casabas with Persian melons.

"The law, in its majestic equality, forbids the rich as well as the poor to sleep under bridges, to beg in the streets, and to steal bread."—A. France.

MUSTARD
Brassica juncea var. integrifolia. Mustard leaves are excellent greens with a sharp pungent flavor. Boiled like spinach, they become tender and not at all bitter. Very good in soups, or as simple cooked greens served with a little melted butter.
Plant in late spring or early summer, or in frost-free climates, sow in fall and early winter. Prefers a rich soil and abundant moisture for fast growth, but will produce well in any soil. Thin to 6" apart in rows 18" apart. A cool weather crop.
USDA Germination Standard: 75%.
—Mustard Florida Broadleaf. (1000) VMUS-F. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $9.00
Fast growing, with wide, dark green leaves and creamy white midribs. Vigorous and heat tolerant, popular in the South.
—Mustard Ho-Mi Z. (250) VMUS-HZ. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
New selection from Wild Garden, a cross of horned types with sweet and colorful miike types. Bright green leaves with vivid purple veins and wide midribs that thicken and produce 'horns' at maturity. Good young in salads, or stir-fry older leaves. Flavor is sweet, not overly hot. Organic.
—Mustard Magma. (500) VMUS-M. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/4 Oz: $7.50
Ruffled leaves are deep purple on top, contrasting with the green undersides. Young leaves are a wonderful salad green; excellent peppery cooked greens at any age. A particularly pretty variety with a lot of flavor. Organically grown by Shoulder to Shoulder Farm.

NEW—Mustard Mizuna Red Streaks. (1000) VMUS-MZR. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00

Airy, narrow, deeply-cut leaves, strikingly colored burgundy-red and bright green. Peppery-sweet taste, perfect for salads and baby leaf mixes. A pretty container plant paired with calendulas, snapdragons, and nasturtiums. Stands heat, slow bolting.
—Mustard Osaka Purple. (100) VMUS-OS. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/4 Oz: $7.50
Smooth leaves blushed deep purple, with a spicy flavor. Grows vigorously in cool weather. A fine addition to salads. Organically grown.
—Mustard Pink Petiole Mix. (100) VMUS-PT. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/4 Oz: $7.50
Incredible mix of shapes and colors-creamy yellow to emerald -green leaves, smoothly rounded to deeply cut, all with the leaf-stems in shades of pink or purple. Superb addition to baby salad leaf mixes. colors best with cool weather and well-spaced plants. Organically-grown.
—Mustard Tat-Soy Savoy. (500) VMUS-TS. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00
Compact rosettes of small spoon-shaped dark green leaves. Amazingly tender and mild flavored. Good in salads or lightly cooked. Sow in late spring through fall. Leaves crumpled and savoyed.


OKRA
Hibiscus esculentus. A member of the Hibiscus family, Okra is a lovely annual with large yellow flowers followed by softly downy, ridged pods. These pods are delicious in spicy stews and soups, and even older pods are very good sliced thin and fried in butter till golden brown. Young pods good raw. The ripe seeds have been roasted as a coffee substitute.
Sow when weather has warmed, in a rich, somewhat sandy soil. Space 1 - 2 feet apart.
USDA Germination Standard: 50%.
—Okra Clemson Spineless. (50) VOKR-CS. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
55 days. All-America Silver Medal winner. Bears a large crop of rich green, flavorful pods till frost. Easily grown, requiring little more than water.
—Okra Dwarf Stalk Long Green. (50) VOKR-LG. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00, 1/4 lb: $12.00
Short plants to 2 - 4 feet, bearing pointed 7" green pods, tender and tasty when young. Early and prolific.
—Okra Gold Coast. (25) VOKR-GC. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00, 1/4 lb: $12.00
Photo
Smooth round pods with almost no ribbing, on short plants to 3 - 5 feet tall. Heat tolerant and bears over a long season.
NEW—Okra Hill Country Red. (40) VOKR-HCR. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
Short fat bright green pods blushed and streaked with red. Large plants with red Sterns to 6 feet. Flavorful heirloom from the Texas hill country, great for pickling. Best picked when small.
—Okra Red Burgundy. (50) VOKR-RB. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
Beautiful 4 - 5 foot plants have deep wine-red pods and stems, green leaves, and large butter-yellow flowers. Tender 6 - 8" pods turn green when cooked. Nice enough for the flower-garden!

ONIONS
Allium cepa. Cultivated for thousands of years, onions are eaten worldwide. There are two main groups; those grown for the large yellow, red or white bulbs, and those grown for their slender green leaves, the 'scallions' of commerce, and generally known as 'bunching onions'.
Sow onion seed as early as soil can be worked, thinning to 4" apart for bulb onions, or 8" apart for bunching types. Light, loamy soil will produce the best crops. Onions like lots of compost or fertilizer. They can be harvested young, or left till the tops are dry, when they can be pulled up and stored in braids or with the stems broken off.
USDA Germination Standard: 70%.
NEW—Onion Cipollini Yellow. (300) VONI-CP. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $9.00
Also called Borettana, these classic Italian onions are small, flattened, with yellow-brown skin and firm, tender flesh. Superb flavor—high sugar content makes these great for roasting. Traditionally pickled, also wonderful slowly sauteéd in butter or grilled whole. Can be braided like garlic to store for 1 - 2 months.
NEW—Onion Egyptian Top Onion. (15 bulblets) VONI-EGT. $3.00 OUT OF STOCK
Also called Walking Onions, the blue-green leaves can reach 3 feet tall, and form a clump of small bulblets at the top. These stalks bend down to produce new plants, walking' along. Hardy and perennial, used for bunching onions or scallions. (Allium X proliferum)
—Onion Evergreen White Bunching. VONI-EW. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $7.50
Allium fistulosum. A perennial bunching onion for green onions. Slender stalks of dark green leaves and white bases. Does not form bulbs, but divides to produce new shoots throughout the season. Very hardy, will grow over winter in most areas if given some protection from heavy freezing. Highly productive, first cutting in 3 months. Easy from seed.
—Onion Red Bottle. (500) VONI-BB. Packet: $2.50
1/2 Oz: $8.00, Oz: $12.00
Amish heirloom, bottle-shaped onions with a unique mild yet spicy flavor. White flesh, sometimes tinged red, with red-brown skin. Good keeper, adaptable to a wide variety of conditions. Plants take 2 - 3 years to produce seed, so is rarely offered.
NEW—Onion Tokyo Long White. (300) VONI-TLB. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
Heirloom bunching onion from Tokyo, known for its sweet and mild flavor, Tall slender green tops can reach 20 - 30". Best in mild climates, won't tolerate extreme heat or cold.

ORACH: See Specialty Vegetables

PARSLEY
Petroselinum crispum. A favorite herb that adds flavor and vitamins to any dish. Use fresh or dried. Turnip parsley has large, edible roots which can be dug and stored through the winter.
Parsley seed is often slow to germinate. It likes a rich, moist soil, and will become perennial in mild climates. In cold winter climates, grow indoors or mulch heavily to protect from frost.
USDA Germination Standard: 60%.

Leaf Types:
—Parsley Common or Plain Leaf. (1000) VPAR-C. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00
75 days. Also known as Italian Parsley, this type is the best for drying and for soups. It has flat, wide green leaves on a vigorous and spreading plant. Will form large clumps under favorable conditions. Stronger flavor than the curled leaf types, and retains more taste when dried.
—Parsley Forest Green. (500) VPAR-FG. Packet $1.50
Oz: $5.00
A moss curled variety to 1 foot, with finely-cut and well-curled leaves. Best flavor of the curled types. Takes hot dry conditions without fading. Adds flavor and texture to salad mixes.
—Parsley Survivor Italian. (500) VPAR-SI. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/4 Oz: $7.50
Traditional flat-leaf type, selected for over 20 years for cold hardiness and disease resistance. Full flavored dark green leaves. Survives cold weather and poor conditions. The best parsley for difficult garden areas. Organically grown.

Turnip-Rooted Types:
Petroselinum crispum var. tuberosum. This type is grown for it roots, which resemble a small parsnip or turnip. They have a delicate parsley or celeriac flavor, making a delicious addition to stews and soups. The leaves may be used like regular parsley, and the roots may be stored over winter. A deep soil is best for good roots. Sow in early spring for a September harvest. Should be grown more.
—Parsley Hamburg Turnip-Rooted. (1000) VPAR-H. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00
90 days. Thick white roots, 8 - 10" long and 2" thick, nicely tapered. Delicate parsley flavor. Vigorous grower with large, well-flavored tops.

PEAS
Pisum sativum. Peas are a cool weather crop, and like humidity. Sow early in spring in rows 1 foot apart for dwarf varieties, 3 feet for tall varieties. Plant seeds 1 - 2" deep. Thin to 4 - 6" apart. Stake tall varieties when about 6" high. For succession, sow at intervals of 1 - 2 weeks till midsummer. In the South, sow in fall for winter harvest. Peas are classed as smooth or wrinkle seeded. The smooth types are best for drying, freezing or canning, wrinkled types are sweeter and best for eating fresh. Edible podded peas, such as Snow Peas or Sugar Peas, have tender, sweet pods which are eaten when the peas inside are still very young and small.
USDA Germination Standard: 80%.
—Pea Dwarf Grey Sugar. (100) VPEA-DGS. Packet: $2.00
1/4 lb: $5.00
Flat light-green 3" pods are great for stir-fry. Early and prolific bushy plants with purple flowers. The classic edible-pod pea, introduced in 1892.
—Pea Golden Sweet Edible Pod. (50) VPEA-GS. Packet: $2.50
Bright lemon-yellow pods on 6 foot tall plants, with lovely two-toned purple flowers. Best when eaten small. Originally obtained from a market in India. Very nice.
—Pea Green Arrow. (50) VPEA-GA. Packet: $2.00
1/4 lb: $5.00
An amazingly productive English variety, with slender pods containing 8 - 11 small peas. Vines grow to 28" tall, usually setting double pods held at the top for easy picking. Peas are very sweet, great for eating fresh or lightly cooked.
—Pea Thomas Laxton. (50) VPEA-TL. Packet: $2.00
1/4 lb: $5.00
An early variety with 36" tall vines bearing blunt pods containing 7 - 9 large, dark green peas. Tender and sweet. Heavy yields, very good for fresh eating or freezing. Can mature in 60 days. Originated by Thomas Laxton in 1898.

PEPPERS
Capsicum species. Peppers need a long warm season and very rich soil to produce large fruits. Sow seed indoors in early spring, transplant outside about mid May. Space 1 1/2 feet apart in rows 3 feet apart. Many peppers are perennial in mild winter areas. Both sweet and hot peppers turn red at maturity, but can be eaten either green or red. They contain high amounts of Vitamin C, particularly when red. The leaves are also edible and used in cooking. A popular crop.
USDA Germination Standard: 55%.

Sweet or Mild Varieties:
—Pepper Alma Paprika. (50) VPEP-AP. Packet: $3.00
5 grams: $18.00
Click for photo » Pepper Sweet 'Alma Paprika' Gatard.JPG (9742 bytes)
Small round peppers with thick meaty flesh and sweet delicious flavor. Ripens from creamy white to red, very productive. One of the best for drying and powdering, also excellent fresh.
—Pepper California Wonder. (300) VPEP-CW. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $14.00
Classic big blocky bell peppers, thick and crisp, with mild flavor. Good for stuffing, roasting, grilling, or fresh eating. Deep green to red.
—Pepper Chinese Giant. (50) VPEP-CG. Packet: $2.50
Introduced by Burpee in 1900, this was one the first giant sweet bell peppers—it was nearly double the size of others at that time. Glossy green 6x4" peppers ripening deep red. Compact plants bear over a long season.
—Pepper Diamond. (50) VPEP-DM. Packet: $2.50
Amazing lustrous ivory-white sweet bell peppers ripening pale yellow to red. Medium sized, crunchy and juicy. Beautiful mixed with other colored peppers, great for market gardens.
—Pepper Elephantormany. (50) VPEP-EL. Packet: $3.00
5 grams: $12.00
Click for photo » Pepper Sweet 'Elefantormany' (Romania) Gatard.JPG (26030 bytes)
A Romanian sweet pepper with long, slender, slightly curled fruits, red when ripe.
—Pepper Feher Ozon. (25) VPEP-FO. Packet: $3.00
5 grams: $18.00
Thick tapered 4 - 5" fruits, extremely sweet and flavorful. Delicious fresh, and makes some of the finest paprika powder when dried. Ripens from creamy white to deep orange.
—Pepper Golden Wonder. (50) VPEP-GW. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $6.00
Large sweet bell peppers, changing from green to gold to deep orange.

NEW—Pepper Marconi Purple. (150) VPEP-MP. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $9.00
Big tapered purple Italian peppers, sweet tasting, good for frying, roasting, or grilling. Gets sweeter as they ripen to red. Heavy yields.
NEW—Pepper Medusa. (10) VPEP-ME. Packet: $4.00
Produces a wild tangle of slender 2" peppers, some twisted and curled, in a colorful blaze of red, orange, yellow, and cream. Sweet and crunchy, though mainly grown as an ornamental. Makes a striking display.
—Pepper Orange Sun. (50) VPEP-OS. Packet: $2.50
Ripens to a glowing orange, with a mild sweet flavor. Blocky thick crunchy peppers, perfect for roasting and grilling.
NEW—Pepper Pasilla Bajio. (200) VPEP-PSB. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $8.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - PACKETS ARE AVAILABLE
Long slender peppers, 7" long by 1" wide. Dark green ripening to chocolate brown. Mild and rich flavored, most often dried and toasted for use in mole anti other Méxican sauces. Fresh they are called chilaca. The word pasilla means 'little raisin', and several different chiles are called pasilla dried.
—Pepper Perfection. (50) VPEP-PF. Packet: $2.500
Thick heart-shaped sweet peppers. Very flavorful, good fresh, roasted, or fried.
—Pepper Pimento L. (50) VPEP-PL. Packet: $2.00
10 grams: $7.00
Classic sweet pimento pepper, With very thick meaty flesh. Heart-shaped red fruits. Stands heat and humidity, good in the South. Excellent fresh, dried, canned, or pickled.
—Pepper Purple Beauty. (50) VPEP-PB. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $6.00
Medium sized sweet bell pepper, which ripens a deep purple. Mild sweet flavor and compact plants.
NEW—Pepper Roumanian Sweet. (150) VPEP-RS. Packet: $2.00
1/4 Oz: $7.00
Tapering thick-fleshed peppers with a mild sweet flavor, changing color from ivory-white to orange and red. All three colors may be on the plant at the same time, making a beautiful display.
NEW—Pepper Sheepnose Pimento. (150) VPEP-SH. Packet: $1.50
1/4 Oz: $4.00, Oz: $9.00
Sweet, juicy, thick little peppers, flattened and rounded. Good for canning, stuffing, grilling, and fresh eating. Heirloom from Nick Rinn's family.

Hot Varieties:
—Pepper Anaheim. (=Long Green Chili) (100) VPEP-A. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $6.00
Tapered 6 - 8" light green peppers, changing to scarlet at maturity. Mildly hot, excellent for stuffing, canning or frying. An old favorite.

NEW—Pepper Habanero White. (100) VPEP-HW. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $9.00
Fiery hot white lantern-shaped peppers produced abundantly on compact bushy plants. Said to come from Peru, sometimes called Peruvian White, or Peruvian White Lightning Habanero.
—Pepper Hungarian Hot Wax. (100) VPEP-HHW. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $6.00
Mildly hot 7" long and 2" wide tapering peppers. Ripens from green to light yellow to red. One of the best hot peppers for cool climates; has matured in Nova Scotia in a sheltered location. A long-time favorite, colorful and not too hot.
NEW—Pepper Jalapeño Orange. (100) VPEP-JO. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $9.00
Rare variety of Jalapeño with bright orange fruits, a little longer and more tapered than the green type, but just as hot.
—Pepper Korean Dark Green. (50) VPEP-KD. Packet: $3.00
5 grams: $20.00
Korean heirloom with long slender 3 - 4" peppers that are deep green ripening to red. Medium hot. Used in many traditional Korean dishes.
—Pepper Mulato Isleno. (50) VPEP-MI. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $6.00
Wide, tapered 6" peppers, dark green to red to red-black. Medium-hot, the classic pepper for chiles rellenos (stuffed peppers). Use fresh or dried.
—Pepper Pepperoncini. (100) VPEP-PR. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $6.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - PACKETS ARE AVAILABLE
Long, wrinkled, thin-skinned peppers. Slightly hot, the classic type for pickling.

—Pepper Satan's Kiss. (50) VPEP-SK. Packet: $3.00
Click for photo » Pepper Satan's Kiss.jpg (66765 bytes) Pepper Satan's Kiss2.jpg (95819 bytes)
Small round cherry pepper with a good amount of heat, though said to lose about half its heat when cooked. Also called Baccio di Satana and Ciliegia Picante.
—Pepper Serrano. (90) VPEP-SR. Packet: $2.50
1/2 Oz: $7.50
Slender peppers much used in México, very hot, green to red. Excellent for salsas.
—Pepper Sucette de Provence. (100) VPEP-SU. Packet: $3.00
5 grams: $12.00
Long slender tapering peppers, green to orange to bright red, ranging from mild to very hot.

PUMPKINS
Cucurbita pepo. Large vines whose fruits, small or large, are delicious, and are made into pies, stuffed, baked like winter squash, or pureed for soup. Carved and decorated, they play an important role in our yearly Halloween celebrations. The seeds are rich in oil and protein, and are excellent eaten whole, after roasting in salt and oil.
Plant seeds in rich, well-manured soil when all danger of frost is past and ground has warmed, in hills 6 feet apart. Place 5 - 10 seeds per hill, and cover lightly with soil. Thin to 3 or 4 of the strongest plants in each hill. They are vigorous and rampant growers that like abundant moisture, and need plenty of room to spread.
USDA Germination Standard: 75%.

—Pumpkin Casper. (15) VPUM-CA. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $9.00
Luminous white, medium-sized pumpkins with very sweet dark orange flesh. White pumpkins generally have a higher sugar content, better for pies. The smooth white skin is great for painting Jack-O-Lanterns. Great for both eating and decoration.

NEW—Pumpkin Mammoth Gold. (20) VPUM-MG. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $4.00, 1/4 lb: $9.00
For giant pumpkins, try these—40 - 60 pounders are common, and with careful pruning and fertilizing you can get 100 pound pumpkins. Lovely smooth golden-orange skin, orange flesh.
NEW—Pumpkin Musquee de Provence. (30) VPUM-MS. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $8.00, 1/4 lb: $20.00
Heirloom from the south of France. Large beautiful pumpkins to 20 pounds, ribbed and slightly flattened. Tan skin, dense firm orange flesh with delicious flavor—sometimes sliced thinly and served raw. Superb cooking pumpkin and stores well.
—Pumpkin Red Warty Thing. (30) VPUM-RW. Packet: 3.00
Oz: $9.00
Bright orange-red pumpkins with heavily warted skin, weighing up to 20 pounds. Striking for fall decorations, but also good for eating. Good keeper.
—Pumpkin Rouge Vif d'Etampes. (10) VPUM-R. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.50
Cucurbita maxima. An Heirloom French variety, with striking shiny bright red-orange skin. Round, flat shape with deep ribs and indented stem, thick yellow-orange flesh. To 15 - 20 pounds. Mild flavor, keeps well if carefully cured. The glowing red color and unusual shape are very appealing.
—Pumpkin Sugar Pie. (=Small Sugar) (25) VPUM-SP. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $4.00, 1/4 lb: $7.00
Long-time favorite for eating. Small, orange, slightly flattened 6 - 8" pumpkins, with thick, sweet, orange-yellow flesh. Keeps well, one of the best tasting and widely adapted.
NEW—Pumpkin Yellow of Paris. (20) VPUM-YP. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $11.00
Huge French heirloom pumpkin, usually about 25 pounds, but can reach over 100 pounds. Dusky orange skin, sweet yellow flesh. Slightly ribbed and flattened. Superb flavor, popular in France for baking or soups. Stores well.

PURSLANE: See Specialty Vegetables

QUINOA: See Specialty Vegetables

RADICCHIO: See Chicory.

RADISH
Raphanus sativus. Crisp roots with a hot spicy flavor, radishes are one of the easiest vegetables to grow. The sprouted seeds can be added to salads or sandwiches for a wonderful, mildly hot flavor.
Sow seed as early as ground can be worked in spring, and successively till mid-summer, and again in early fall. Oriental radishes may be sown at any time as they do not have the tendency to become pithy in hot weather like other radishes. Plant 1/2 - 1" deep in any good soil. Space rows 1 foot apart; thin to 2" apart as soon as seedlings appear. Keep soil moist for best results.
USDA Germination Standard: 75%.
—Radish China Rose. (100) VRAD-CR. Packet $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
Rose-pink oblong 6" roots, wider at the tip. Crisp and a good keeper. A Chinese winter variety, for spring or fall sowing. Said to have been brought to Europe from China by Jesuit missionaries. Pre-1850.
"The China Rose radishes are really interesting—they take much longer to reach the eating stage, but the plants grow much bigger, the bulbs are much bigger, and don't seem to get woody when so big, and a good keeper."—Eugenie Fellows, Florida, 1/96.

NEW—Radish Cincinnati Market. (50) VRAD-CN. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $5.00
Long slender rose-red radishes with crisp white flesh. To 6" long. Heirloom from the 1880s.
—Radish Edible-Podded Rat's Tail. VRAD-RT. Packet: $3.00
1/4 Oz: $7.50 BULK OUT OF STOCK - PACKETS ARE AVAILABLE
Raphanus caudatus. Grown for the slim, deep-purple seedpods, which reach 8 - 16" long. Pods produced abundantly. Likes heat and bears all summer. From Southeast Asia, the pods have a very pungent radish flavor, eaten raw, pickled or cooked. A popular garden vegetable in the U.S. in the 1860s, now rarely seen. No edible roots, only grown for pods.
—Radish German Giant. (=Parat) (500) VRAD-GG. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00
Huge round radishes from Germany, can reach baseball size but never spongy. Cherry red outside, pure white inside, mild flavor.
—Radish Helios. (140) VRAD-HE. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $15.00
Unique radishes with pale yellow skin and white flesh and good flavor. The unusual color is outstanding for farmer's market sales.
—Radish Jelly Bean. (200) VRAD-JB. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $9.00
Special colorful blend of old-fashioned open-pollinated varieties. Includes whites, reds, purples, and pinks, round or oblong, small and large.
—Radish Lady Slipper. (500) VRAD-LD. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
Pink 2" radishes, mild and crisp. Great keeper—lasts up to a month if refrigerated.

NEW—Radish Pink Beauty. (500) VRAD-PB. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $9.00 1/4 pound Unit OUT OF STOCK - PACKETS and OUNCES ARE AVAILABLE
Beautiful round bright pink radishes with crisp white flesh that resists pithiness. Good flavor, a great variety for farmer's markets.
—Radish Purple Plum. (100) VRAD-PP. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $9.00
Round purple roots, white interior. Crisp, mild, resists pithiness. Unusual color for market gardens.
—Radish Round Black Spanish. (100) VRAD-RB. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
60 days. Large, round 3 - 4" roots with pure black skin and firm, juicy white flesh. Strong flavored, hardy, stores well. Pre 1885 variety. My favorite.
—Radish Watermelon. (100) VRAD-WA. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00
Large round white radishes blushed green outside, deep magenta-red inside. Slices look just like slices of a mini-watermelon! Crisp, spicy flavor, best picked at 1 - 2", though they can reach tennis-ball size. Our favorite radish.

NEW—Radish White Hailstone. (500) VRAD-WH. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $9.00
Snow white round radishes known for their sweet mild flavor, said to be one of the best tasting. Fast growing heirloom, great for farmer's markets.
—Radish White Tipped Scarlet Turnip Radish. (=Sparkler) (500) VRAD-WTS. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
(=Sparkler White Tip) A very early, handsome French radish grown in Europe since the 1880's. Roots are round, slightly flattened, a lovely deep rose-crimson above, with pure white tips. The pleasing color contrast and earliness made this the favored variety of Parisian market gardeners at the turn of the century.


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