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J. L. HUDSON, SEEDSMAN, BOX 337, LA HONDA, CALIFORNIA 94020-0337 USA
2014 SEEDLIST - Ap - Az

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Match term(s) in J.L. Hudson Search Index:

APOCYNUM (a-po-SY-num)
APOCYNACEAE. 'DOG BANE'. Interesting easily grown hardy perennials with caustic milky juice. Small white or pink flowers. Roots medicinal. Prefers sandy, dry soil.
—Apocynum cannabinum. (100) APOC-7. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $8.00
'INDIAN HEMP DOGBANE', 'RHEUMATISM ROOT'. Small white bell-shaped flowers on a hardy perennial to 4 feet, with ovate 2 - 6" leaves and slender paired pods. North America. Zone 4. Good perennial for naturalizing, best in moist part shade. Indians made strong fiber from the stems, chewed the latex like gum, and the root is valued medicinally as an emetic and cardiac stimulant. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.

APODANTHERA (a-po-DAN-ther-a)
CUCURBITACEAE. Climbing or trailing perennials from the warm parts of the Americas.
—Apodanthera sagittifolia. (15) APOD-22. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $15.00
Rare Argentinean trailer with yellow flowers and small fuzzy oval fruits.

AQUILEGIA (ak-wi-LE-jee-a)
RANUNCULACEAE. 'COLUMBINE'. One of the most valuable hardy perennials, grown for its attractive foliage and pretty, spurred flowers, which are unequalled for their grace and color. A light, sandy, moist soil in a sheltered position is preferable. Many stand half shade well, and they are favorites in the rock garden and perennial border. Excellent for cut flowers. Seed sown early may bloom the first year, and will give good bloom the second season. Germination may be slow and erratic; best at below 65°F and in bright, indirect light. October to February sowings give good results, or give 3 weeks cold treatment to germinate in 9 - 30 days, and rarely up to 6 months for some species. Space 12 - 18" apart. The seed is viable for 5 years or more. Germinates best with gibberellic acid.
Long Spurred Columbines:
These are all excellent strains, noted for their large flowers with long, graceful spurs, in beautiful colors. They make nice cut flowers. Of mixed parentage, primarily canadensis, vulgaris and chrysantha. Zone 3. These germinate readily in 2 - 6 weeks warm.
—Aquilegia 'Biedermeier Dwarf Mix'. (100) AQUI-1B. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $10.00
Dwarf bushy plants to 10 - 14" tall, with bright flowers in a good range of colors in May and June.
—Aquilegia 'Crimson Star'. (100) AQUI-1C. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50, 5 grams: $19.00
Brilliant crimson flowers with white petals and long, graceful spurs. A fine variety.
—Aquilegia 'Crystal Star'. (50) AQUI-1CY. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50
Pure white, long-spurred flowers. A lovely variety. To 2 feet.
—Aquilegia 'McKana Giants'. (100) AQUI-1K. Packet: $2.50
Giant, long spurred 3" flowers in rich, delicate colors on 30" plants. A superior strain in a beautiful range of colors.
Aquilegia Species:
—Aquilegia alpina. (100) AQUI-2. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50
'ALPINE COLUMBINE'. Large blue flowers 2" across, with short, hooked spurs, in July and August. Hardy perennial to 12 - 15". Swiss Alps. Zone 3. Seed germinates in about 2 - 6 weeks warm.
—Aquilegia atrata. (50) AQUI-3. Packet: $3.00
Gram: $18.00

'DARK COLUMBINE'. Dark purple-black flowers with contrasting yellow stamens, on a hardy perennial to 20". Alps. Choice. Aged seed germinates in 3 - 6 weeks, fresh seed needs 3 weeks cold, or GA-3. Zone 4.
—Aquilegia Buergeriana 'Calimero'. (50) AQUI-8C. Packet: $3.00
Purple sepals and spurs, and clear yellow center. Compact hardy perennial to 8", blooming in May and June. Japan. Zone 7. Prechill, germination irregular.
—Aquilegia canadensis. (250) AQUI-11. Packet: $2.50 OUT OF STOCK
Gram: $7.50, 5 grams: $22.50 OUT OF STOCK
'COMMON AMERICAN COLUMBINE', 'JACK-IN-TROUSERS'. Nodding red and yellow 1 1/2" flowers from May to July. Hardy perennial to 1 - 2 feet. E. U.S. Zone 2. Children suck the flower nectar, and the roots are said to have been eaten by Indians. Aged seed germinates in 2 - 4 weeks, fresh seed needs cold treatment or GA-3.
—Aquilegia chrysantha Wildform. (50) AQUI-12W. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » Aquilegia chrysantha.jpg (42691 bytes)
'GOLDEN COLUMBINE'. Large golden yellow 2 - 3" flowers in May to August, on a hardy perennial to 3 1/2 feet. Arizona and New Mexico to southern Utah and Colorado. Zone 3. Germinates best with GA-3.
—Aquilegia elegantula. (50) AQUI-14. Packet: $2.50

'COMET COLUMBINE'. Nodding cylindrical red flowers with yellow tips, the spurs and sepals held straight, hence the name. Hardy perennial to 16". Rocky Mountains. Zone 5. Prechill or use GA-3 to germinate in 3 - 5 weeks.
—Aquilegia flabellata 'Ministar'. (50) AQUI-15M. Packet: $3.00
Bright blue flowers with white centers on a dwarf compact hardy perennial to only 6" tall. Japan. Zone 3. Excellent for rock gardens and charming in pots. "Darn nice one."—Bertrand. Germinates in 3 - 5 weeks.
—Aquilegia vulgaris 'Black Barlow'. (25) AQUI-48BB. Packet: $2.50
A wonderful deep purple-black variety of Barlow columbine, fully double and upward facing. Good cut flower. Choice! Zone 3. Germinates in 2 - 5 weeks.
—Aquilegia vulgaris 'Christa Barlow'. (25) AQUI-48CB. Packet: $2.50
Large dark blue double spurless flowers, each petal edged white. Hardy perennial to 32" Elegant! Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks without prechill.
—Aquilegia vulgaris 'Green Apples'. (25) AQUI-48GA. Packet: $2.50
Fully double spurless creamy white flowers with apple-green tips. Hardy perennial to 32". Sometimes called 'Lemon Sherbet'. Nice among the dark-colored columbines. No prechill needed, germinates in 2 - 4 weeks.
—Aquilegia vulgaris 'Leprechaun Gold'. (25) AQUI-48LG. Packet: $2.50
Foliage beautifully marbled gold and green, and large violet nodding flowers. Hardy perennial to 2 feet. Comes 98% true from seed. Germinates in 2 - 6 weeks.
—Aquilegia vulgaris 'William Guiness'. (=Magpie) (25) AQUI-48WG. Packet: $2.50
Deep blackish-purple flowers with white tipped central corolla. Hardy perennial to 2 feet. Give seed GA-3 or a prechill for best germination.
—Aquilegia vulgaris 'Woodside Variegata'. (25) AQUI-48V. Packet: $3.00
Foliage variegated yellow, white, and green. Dark violet flowers, May to July. Hardy perennial to 2 feet. Europe. Prechill or GA-3 to germinate in 2 - 6 weeks.

"Things are more like they are now than they have ever been before."
—Dwight D. Eisenhower.

ARALIA (a-RA-lee-a)
ARALIACEAE. Deciduous herbs, shrubs and trees, grown for ornament, or in the wild garden for medicine and wildlife food. Their bold foliage is attractive. Seeds often have double dormancy, and need scarification and cold treatment, or warm then cold treatment. Best sown in early fall to produce seedlings over the next two years.
—Aralia spinosa. (250) ARAL-32. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $12.00

'DEVIL'S WALKING STICK', 'HERCULES CLUB'. Varies from a shrub to tree to 35 feet, with large compound 2 - 6 foot long 1eaves clustered at the top, giving a tree-fern like appearance. Enormous panicles of whitish flowers up to 6 feet long, followed by elderberry-like berries. E. U.S. Hardy to Pennsylvania (Zone 5). The bark was an important medicine among the Indians. The young leaves have been used as a potherb. Germinates in 5 - 8 weeks warm with stragglers to 9 months.

ARBUTUS (AR-bu-tus)
ERICACEAE. Striking warm region evergreen trees with smooth red bark, clustered urn-shaped flowers, and red or orange berries. Valuable for landscaping, firewood, wildlife food, and edible berries. Interesting disjunct distribution—western Europe and western North America.
—Arbutus Unedo. (100) ARBU-19. Packet: $2.50
5 gm: $7.50, 25 gm: $25.00 (Clean seed)
Click for photos » Arbutus unedo.jpg (87211 bytes) Arbutus Unedo 9.jpg (96314 bytes) Arbutus Unedo 6.jpg (120592 bytes)
'STRAWBERRY TREE'. White or pinkish 1/4" flowers in drooping 2" clusters, followed by edible scarlet 3/4" fruits. Shrub or tree to 30 feet, with glossy green 4" leaves. S. Europe to Ireland. Hardy to Georgia and on the Pacific Coast. Zone 7. Makes a striking display as a specimen shrub. Fruits have a banana-like consistency, and are sweet and good eaten raw or as preserves, syrup, or fermented and distilled. Produces a rare, highly-esteemed honey in Sardinia. Prechill seed 4 - 8 weeks to germinate in 4 weeks.

ARCTIUM (ARK-tee-um)
COMPOSITAE. 'BURDOCK'. Large coarse biennials and perennials with large leaves and burr-like heads of purple to white flowers. Some are cultivated for edible roots or medicinal purposes. Others are weeds of undisturbed land; easily destroyed by cultivation.
—Arctium Lappa. (50) ARCI-3. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
Oz: $7.50
'GOBO', 'GREAT BURDOCK'. Giant hardy perennial to 10 feet, with purple-red 1 3/4" thistle-like flowers and large 20" leaves, white-woolly beneath. Eurasia. Zone 3. Often regarded as a 'weed' in the US, this is a popular vegetable in Japan. The young first-year roots are eaten, the young peeled shoots are eaten as an asparagus. Sow in deep rich soil in spring for a fall harvest, or in fall for spring crop. The seeds are an important medicine in Japan and China, and have antibiotic properties. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.

ARCTOSTAPHYLOS (ark-to-STAF-ee-los)
ERICACEAE. Handsome evergreen shrubs and small trees, most from California. Tiny, clustered, urn-shaped flowers followed by attractive red berries. Smooth red to purple bark on contorted branches make them striking landscape plants for mild climates. Seed may be slow to germinate.
Good bee plants and wildlife food and shelter. A complex and rapidly evolving genus in the process of speciation, reaching its greatest diversity in California. The name means 'bear-grape' as bears are fond of the berries, which were also an important item of food among Californian Indians. They are dry, mealy and very nutritious. Their ripening was celebrated by a special dance and 'big eat' held by various tribes. They were made into mush, cider, brandy, and vinegar by the settlers. The wood is prized for woodwork, and is a good hot fuel. The leaves of various species are valued in medicine against urinary infections, due to the action of the antiseptic glucoside Arbutin.
—Arctostaphylos Uva-ursi. (200) ARCO-48. Packet: $2.50
1/2 Oz: $13.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - PACKETS ARE AVAILABLE
'BEAR-BERRY', 'KINNIKINICK'. Small white 1/4" pink-tinged flowers in March to May, followed by small scarlet fruits. Mat-forming shrub to 2" or so, with inch-long shiny green leaves. Northern North Hemisphere. To Zone 2. Fruits eaten throughout its range. The leaves are smoked by Indians, and are medicinal, being one of the best urinary antiseptics. Germinates best with fire treatment and warm-cold cycles. Hold pots several years for stragglers.

ARGYREIA (ar-JI-ree-a)
CONVOLVULACEAE. Elegant Asian climbers with showy funnel-shaped flowers and handsome heart-shaped leaves. Beautiful trained up the pillars of the greenhouse, or outdoors in southern California and Florida. Best in light rich soil.
NEW—Argyreia nervosa. (10) ARGY-16. Packet: $3.00
10 grams: $8.00, 25 gm: $15.00 (about 11 seeds per gram)

'HAWAIIAN BABY WOODROSE', 'CORDON SEDA'. Large rosy purple 2 - 3" flowers in long-stalked clusters, followed by attractive brown pods with persistent sepals, the 'wooden rose' valued in dry arrangements. Large heart-shaped leaves to a foot across. The stems and backs of the leaves are covered with silvery down, hence the Spanish name meaning 'silken cord'. "I have a 3 year old plant from seed. This year it ran to the top of a Bald Cypress tree and covered half of a large arbor. It has bloomed profusely, but I don't think it will set seed before frost. It is extremely tolerant of being dug up each year... it doesn't seem to mind the severe root pruning and cutting back to 2 or 3 feet of trunk. Anyone who loves large vines and has high summer heat should be able to grow this one and winter it over easily in a greenhouse."—D. Smelley, Dallas, Texas. Nick and soak to germinate in 1 - 3 weeks or so.

ARGYRODERMA (ar-jee-ro-DER-ma)
AIZOACEAE. Stemless South African succulents.
NEW—Argyroderma delaetii. (25) ARGD-7. Packet: $2.50 OUT OF STOCK
Photo of the plant in the wild:
http://www.tropicos.org/Image/10712
'SILVER STONE FLOWER'. Stunning large 3" flowers in purple, yellow, or white, in summer. Oval 'living stone' type succulent bodies. S. Africa Zone 9. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.

ARISAEMA (a-ri-SAY-ma)
ARACEAE. Many herbaceous perennial aroids valued for their curious spathes and leaves. Best in moist shady places, woods, and the tender species in the greenhouse. Keep dry during winter dormancy. Some germinate readily, others are dormant.
—Arisaema tortuosum. (10) ARIS-26. Packet: $3.00
'RATSTAIL COBRA FLOWER'. Hooded green 6" spathe, pale purple inside, with a long, curved, tail-like appendage. Perennial to 3 - 4 feet, with stem and leaves mottled purple. Himalayas to 8000 feet. Zone 7. The large corms are medicinal and poisonous, but eaten by Nepali mountaineers after preparation.

ARISTOLOCHIA (a-ris-to-LO-kee-a)
ARISTOLOCHIACEAE. Mostly tropical climbers, and some hardy perennials, grown for their extraordinarily peculiar flowers, and the attractive heart-shaped foliage. The remarkable curved flowers temporarily trap pollinating insects much like pitcher plants. Some are specific butterfly host-plants. Some are medicinal, ranging from fertility control, to snake bite remedies to arrow poisons. Easy from seed in ordinary soil.
NEW—Aristolochia elegans. (=littoralis) (25) ARST-5. Packet: $2.50 OUT OF STOCK
Click for photo » Aristolochia littoralis (elegans).jpg (105374 bytes) Aristolochia elegans.jpg (97218 bytes)
'CALICO FLOWER'. Striking unusual large 3" flowers are deeply mottled and veined with purple, white and yellow, followed by elegant ornamental 3" seedpods. Slender twiner with evergreen kidney shaped foliage. Brazil. Graceful and free flowering vine for the cool greenhouse or outdoors in S. California and Florida. Easy from seed in 3 - 6 weeks. "A most desirable and decorative climber."—L.H. Bailey.
NEW—Aristolochia fimbriata. (10) ARST-7. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » Aristolochia fimbriata.jpg (14328 bytes)
Remarkable peculiar flowers with curved tube and round, inch-wide, purple-brown end veined yellow, with a fringe of thread-like lobes, in fall. Not cool enough for you? They smell of brandy... Small creeping vine to 10 feet, with round 3" leaves with silvery veins. Brazil and Argentina. Zone 8. Seed germinates in 1 - 6 months warm. (This lot has given rapid, high germination of 99% in 2 - 3 weeks.)

"The law has no claim to human respect. It has no civilizing mission; its only purpose is to protect exploitation."
—Peter Kropotkin.

ARMATOCEREUS (ar-ma-to-SEER-ee-us)
CACTACEAE. Columnar South American cacti. Sometimes included in Lemaireocereus. Easily grown.
NEW—Armatocereus arboreus (25) ARMA-4. Packet: $2.50
Tall columnar cactus with dense slender spines. Peru. Zone 9. Use GA-3 to germinate in 2 - 4 weeks. Nice!
Info and photos link: http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/128083/

ARNICA (AR-ni-ka)
COMPOSITAE. Hardy perennial yellow daisies, valued in the wild and rock garden. Quick growing in acid soil and easy from seed.
—Arnica montana. (25) ARNI-11. Packet: $3.00 OUT OF STOCK
Gram $12.00 OUT OF STOCK
'MOUNTAIN TOBACCO'. Large golden 3" daisies on a hardy perennial to 24", with a rosette of 8" leaves. Europe and W. Asia. Blooms May to August. Best in well-drained lime-free soil and full sun. Zone 5. A tincture of the flowers and roots is a famous remedy for sprains and bruises. Germinates in 2 - 7 weeks.

ARROJADOA (ar-ro-HA-do-a)
CACTACEAE. Several slender Brazilian cacti
—Arrojadoa rhodantha. (25) ARRO-18. Packet: $2.50
Violet-pink waxy 1 1/2" flowers in clusters from a bristly cephalium at the branch-tips, followed by small purple-red fruits. Sprawling 2" thick stems to 6 feet long, with dense spines. Eastern Brazil. Zone 9. Germinates in 4 weeks.

ARTEMISIA (ar-te-MEE-see-a)
COMPOSITAE. 'WORMWOOD', 'SAGEBRUSH'. A large genus of aromatic and bitter plants, many of which are valuable culinary and medicinal herbs. Named for the Greek goddess Artemis. Easily grown in poor dry soil—many thrive in arid regions. Grown as nice specimen plants for their small yellow or white disk flowers and often attractive greyish foliage. Sow on the surface, to germinate in 1 - 6 weeks. Seed viable 3 - 9 years.
—Artemisia Absinthium. (1000) ARTE-2. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $16.00
Click for photo » Artemisia absinthium.jpg (97260 bytes)
'WORMWOOD', 'ABSINTHE'. Shrubby hardy perennial to 2 - 5 feet, with greyish, silky, divided foliage and leafy spikes of little nodding flowers in July to October. Europe. Zone 3. Sun or part shade. A valuable bitter medicinal herb grown since ancient times for its virtues. One of the oldest known medicinal plants, it was used by the ancient Egyptians. The Romans burned it as incense, drank it to promote longevity, and flavored their wine with it. Widely grown for flavoring poultry dishes, beer and vermouth, and for making cordials and bitters, including the infamous, debilitating liqueur 'absinthe'. The herb was used as a vermifuge, tonic, digestive stimulant and febrifuge. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.
—Artemisia annua. (1000) ARTE-3. Packet: $2.50
Detailed information on cultivation of Sweet Annie in the tropics for anti-malarial medicine: Link Anamed
'SWEET ANNIE'. Tiny nodding yellow flowers in panicles, set off against the bright green divided, saw-toothed leaves. Handsome fast growing annual to 10 feet. Eurasia. The sweetly fragrant foliage is popular in wreaths and potpourris. Long used medicinally in China, it is a highly effective anti-malarial, finding use against quinine-resistant strains of the disease. Formerly considered a weed, it is now a highly valued plant. Germinates in 2 - 6 weeks.
—Artemisia frigida. (1000) ARTE-19. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50
'FRINGED SAGEBRUSH', 'ESTAFIATA'. Aromatic silvery mat-forming hardy perennial shrublet to 4 - 20" tall, with finely divided 1/2" leaves and spikes of tiny, nodding 1/8" yellow flowers in July to September. Dry plains and foothills, Arizona to Wisconsin and west to Siberia. Zone 4. The seeds were eaten by Great Basin Indians, and the leaves were used by the Hopi to flavor sweet corn, and it was used medicinally. Give 4 - 8 weeks cold to germinate in 1 - 2 weeks.
—Artemisia tridentata var. wyomingensis. (500) ARTE-47W. Packet: $2.50
'BIG SAGEBRUSH', 'GREAT BASIN SAGEBRUSH', 'WI:'KWAPI' (Hopi name). Rounded aromatic evergreen silvery-grey shrub to 6 - 15 feet, with sprays of small flowers in July to November. W. U.S. Zone 5. The powerfully aromatic leaves are an important Indian medicine and burned as incense. Easy and tough, for dry difficult areas. Sow on the surface to germinate in 1 - 7 weeks.
—Artemisia vulgaris. (1000) ARTE-50. Packet: $2.00
5 grams: $6.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - PACKETS ARE AVAILABLE
'MUGWORT'. Very hardy perennial to 2 - 3 feet, with dark green divided leaves and tall, pyramidal clusters of small yellowish flowers. Europe. Zone 3. The bitter, aromatic leaves were used extensively for flavoring beer before the introduction of hops, hence the name. The dried leaves were much used as a pleasant tea, and as a tonic nervine and emmenagogue. Valued since ancient times, it was praised by Dioscorides. As a culinary herb, it goes well with poultry, particularly goose. Used in perfumes, soaps and incense. Fresh sprigs put in beer. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks at warm temperatures.

ARTHROPODIUM (arth-ro-PO-dee-um)
LILIACEAE. Southern Hemisphere perennials.
—Arthropodium cirratum. (25) ARTH-6. Packet: $2.50
Info and photos link:
http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/54528/
Technical paper on germination: http://www.science.canterbury.ac.nz/nzns/issues/vol15-1988/conner.pdf
'ROCK LILY', 'RENGA RENGA'. Starry inch-wide white nodding flowers May to July, in clusters on stems to 3 feet. Strap-like dark green 2 foot leaves. Coastal New Zealand. Zone 7. Roots once eaten by the Maori. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks at cool temperatures and low light, with stragglers.

ASCLEPIAS (as-KLEP-ee-as)
ASCLEPIADACEAE. 'MILKWEED', 'SILKWEED'. Some of the most striking of our N. American wildflowers, they are showy summer and fall blooming hardy perennials. Easily grown and making nice specimens in the border or wild garden. Attractive foliage and pods. Often grown to attract butterflies. Some are medicinal, used as spring greens or produce fine fiber. Some species germinate readily in as little as 8 days, up to 60 - 90 days, others need cold.
—Asclepias currassavica. (100) ASCL-3. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $9.00, 1/4 lb: $27.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - PACKETS ARE AVAILABLE
'BLOOD FLOWER'. Deep reddish purple flowers with orange hoods, in flat clusters. Tender perennial to 2 - 3 feet. Tropical America. Zone 8. A host to the Monarch butterfly. Used medicinally and the stem fiber has been spun, and the seed floss used in pillows. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks warm.
—Asclepias incarnata. (50) ASCL-6. Packet: $2.50
'SWAMP MILKWEED'. Rose-pink flowers in mid to late summer. Hardy perennial to 4 feet with fibrous roots. E. U.S. Zone 3. Germinates easily at warm temperatures, but a week of cold can help. Likes moist soil, but does fine in gardens. The buds were eaten in deer-broth soup or corn meal mush by the Indians, who also stored them for winter. Germinates in 2 weeks with stragglers up to 1 year. Light cold or fall sowing may give more even germination.
—Asclepias incarnata 'Ice Ballet'. (10) ASCL-6B. Packet: $2.50
White flowers in clusters in July to Sept. Hardy perennial to 3 feet, with narrow leaves. Zone 3. Said to be vanilla-scented. Prechill seed to germinate in 2 - 10 weeks.
—Asclepias syriaca. (50) ASCL-14. Packet: $2.50 OUT OF STOCK
Click for photos » AsclepiasIncarnata.jpg (107312 bytes) AsclepiasIncarnataCloseup.jpg (82814 bytes)
'COMMON MILKWEED'. Sweet scented lavender to purple flowers in dense umbels in mid summer. Hardy perennial to 5 feet. NE U.S. Zone 3. The seed and stem fibers have been used for textiles. The young shoots in spring are an excellent asparagus, the young green pods are eaten. The Sioux boiled them with their bison meat. The flowers are also eaten, and provided the Indians with a kind of sugar. The root was used as an anodyne. Germinates in 3 - 4 weeks warm, and is improved by GA-3.
—Asclepias tuberosa. (50) ASCL-15. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $7.50, Oz: $18.00
'BUTTERFLY WEED', 'PLEURISY - ROOT'. Brilliant orange flowers in large clusters in mid summer. Hardy perennial to 3 feet from long horizontal roots. E. U.S. Zone 3. Excellent cut flowers. Highly attractive to many butterflies. Stands drought and dry soil. The tender shoots were eaten like asparagus, the flowers provided sugar, and the young pods were eaten. The medicinal root was boiled and eaten by various tribes. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.
—Asclepias tuberosa 'Gay Butterflies'. (25) ASCL-15G. Packet: $3.00
Gram: $18.00
Striking mix of brilliant orange-red, orange, and yellow flowers in dense clusters. Hardy perennial to 2 1/2 feet, with narrow leaves. An improved strain of the old favorite butterfly-weed. Choice! Attracts many butterflies. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.
—Asclepias verticillata. (100) ASCL-76. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50, 5 grams: $30.00
'HORSETAIL MILKWEED'. White flowers are flushed green, in clusters from July to September. Hardy perennial to 2 1/2 feet, with narrow, whorled 3" leaves, so the plant resembles a horsetail. Maine to New Mexico. Zone 4. Good in dry places. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks.

ASPARAGUS (as-PAR-a-gus)
LILIACEAE. Eastern Hemisphere perennials grown for food, ornament, and medicine. Easy in rich moist soil. Good foliage plants.
NEW—Asparagus asparagoides. (50) ASPG-4. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $7.50, 25 g: $18.00
'SMILAX'. Glossy green 1 - 2" oval, pointed leaves on a tuberous-rooted evergreen vine to 6 feet, with attractive small red berries. Southern Africa. Zone 7. Germinates in about 3 weeks with GA-3.
—Asparagus densiflorus 'Cwebe'. (10) ASPG-9C. Packet: $2.50
100 seed: $16.00
Also called 'GWEBE'. Young foliage vivid coppery-red. Ferny foliage to 1 - 3 feet. Tiny fragrant white flowers in summer, followed by red berries. South Africa. Zone 7. An elegant cultivar, more upright than Sprengeri. Germinates in 3 - 4 weeks or so.
—Asparagus myriocladus. (=retrofractus) (10) ASPG-52. Packet: $2.50
'MING-FERN'. Fluffy foliage of tufts of needle-like inch-long leaves. Shrubby plant to 8 - 10 feet, with small white flowers in profuse clusters in summer, followed by orange berries. S. Africa. Zone 9. Good long-lasting cut foliage for arrangements. Germinates in 6 - 8 weeks.

ASPERULA odorata: See Reserved Access page.


"All substances are poisons; there is none which is not a poison. The right dose differentiates a poison and a remedy."
—Paracelsus (1493 - 1541)

ASTER (A-ster)
COMPOSITAE. Attractive herbaceous perennials with daisy-like flowers. Worldwide distribution. They are among the best plants for borders and roadsides. The various species germinate in 1 - 6 weeks sown in spring and up to June and July for bloom the following year. Most do well in the garden, but preferences range from poor dry shallow soil in full sun, to deep moist soil and shade. Good fall bloom.
NEW—Aster novae-angliae Mixed. (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae) (500) AST-68X. Packet: $2.50 OUT OF STOCK
A fine mixture ranging from violet purple and blue to magenta, rose and pale pink, varying in flower size and date of bloom. Zone 2. Germinates easily and blooms the first or second year. Good fall nectar for butterflies. Zone 2. Germinates in 2 - 5 weeks.
NEW—Aster Hardy Perennial Mix. (100) AST-X. Packet: $2.50 OUT OF STOCK
Includes A. lateriflorus, A. lateriflorus 'Calliope', divaricatus, ericoides, and cordifolius, but no A. novae-angliae or tataricus. Germinates in a week.

ASTILBE (a-STIL-be)
SAXIFRAGACEAE. Asian and N. American perennials for rich moist soil, sun or part shade. Sow on the surface of a fine soil. The plume-like sprays of flowers are good for cutting.
—Astilbe chinensis var. Davidii (500) ASTI-6D. Packet: $3.00
Dense rose-purple panicles of flowers in summer. Hardy perennial to 6 feet. China. Zone 3. A striking variety and quite hardy. Fresh seed dormant, aged seed 1 year old germinates in 2 - 3 weeks warm.

ASTRAGALUS (as-tra-GAL-us)
LEGUMINOSAE. The largest genus of vascular plants, some 2000 species nearly worldwide. Annuals, perennials and shrubs from a variety of habitats. They provide food, forage, gums, medicinals, cosmetics, and are soil builders, mineral indicators, etc.
—Astragalus crassicarpus. (50) ASTR-12. Packet: $2.50
'GROUND PLUM'. Violet-purple 1" flowers in short racemes, sometimes varying to cream. Hardy perennial to 15" with feathery pinnate 6" leaves. Great Plains. Zone 4. The inch-long round pods resemble green plums and are eaten like snow peas, raw or cooked. Soak, nick hard ones, germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.

"The Checkered Demon just smiled."
—S. Clay Wilson

ASTRANTIA (as-TRAN-tee-a)
UMBELLIFERAE. 'MASTERWORT'. Ornamental hardy perennial herbs with palmately divided leaves, grown in borders. Sow in fall or give 3 - 5 months cold treatment.
—Astrantia major 'Primadonna'. (50) ASTA-16P. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » AstrantiaMajor.jpg (67002 bytes)
'GREAT MASTERWORT'. Large umbels with star-like bracts in varying shades of wine-red. Excellent for cut or dried flowers. Hardy perennial to 30", with attractive foliage. Bushy habit, good in borders, among shrubbery and at waterside. Europe. Zone 5.
—Astrantia major 'Rose Symphony'. (50) ASTA-16R. Packet: $2.50
Large umbels in red and pink shades, June to August. Hardy perennial to 30". Excellent cut flowers. Prechill seed. A fine variety.

ASTROPHYTUM (ast-ro-FEE-tum)
CACTACEAE. Interesting small Mexican cacti.
NEW—Astrophytum capricorne var. niveum. (25) ASTP-6N. Packet: $2.50
Nice Photo:
http://public.fotki.com/gunnarhatletveit/other_cacti/astrophytum_caprico-3.html
'GOAT-HORN CACTUS'. Large lemon-yellow flowers with red throats. Barrel-shaped, 8-ribbed cactus to 10" tall, with curved 3" spines and dense white flocking on the body. N. México. Zone 7. Germinates in 1 week with GA-3.
—Astrophytum myriostigma var. potosinum. (25) ASTP-14P. Packet: $2.50
Photo:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/s-demir/551083534/
A nice form of the Bishop's Cap Cactus, with 5 thick spineless ribs and yellow flowers. México. Zone 7. Germinates in 4 - 6 weeks.

ATHAMANTA (ath-a-MAN-ta)
UMBELLIFERAE. Mediterranean perennials with white or yellow umbels and divided leaves.
—Athamanta cretensis. (25) ATHM-6. Packet: $2.50
'CANDY CARROT'. White to red-tinged flowers in umbels in May to June. Hardy perennial to 1 - 2 feet, with delicate feathery grey-green leaves. S. Europe. Zone 5. The seeds are used for flavoring.

ATRIPLEX (AT-ri-plex)
CHENOPODIACEAE. 'SALTBUSH'. Herbs and shrubs with inconspicuous flowers, grown for edible greens, the handsome foliage, or as nutritious forage in arid regions. Salt tolerant, good for reclaiming saline soils. Easily grown in full sun. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks, cool to warm temperatures. Seed viable 6 years. All hortensis types are also used in floral ornament both fresh and dried, and have been cultivated since the 1500s and 1600s.
—Atriplex hortensis 'Aurora'. (50) ATRI-11A. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/4 Oz: $9.00, Oz: $20.00
Bright red, gold, green, pink, carmine, and deep purple foliage. Stunning in salads and for cooked greens, as well as cut floral ornament. Sure to be a good seller at farmer's markets. Organically grown. Germinates in a week or so.
—Atriplex hortensis 'Green Plume'. (100) ATRI-11G. Packet: $2.50
25 grams: $10.00, 100 grams: $30.00
'GREEN ORACH'. Like the red and yellow, but with dark green leaves. Hardy annual to 5 feet. The leaves are delicious raw or cooked. Germinates in 1 week.
—Atriplex hortensis 'Magenta Magic'. (50) ATRI-11M. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/4 Oz: $11.00, Oz: $22.00
Deep glowing magenta-red leaves, a wonderful new color for baby salad greens. Organically-grown.
—Atriplex hortensis 'Purple Savoyed'. (50) ATRI-11PS. Packet: $2.50 OTC ORGANIC SEED
1/4 Oz: $17.00, Oz: $28.00
Heavily crumpled, thick purple leaves. Very ornamental; new salad vegetable for the restaurant trade. Developed by Shoulder to Shoulder Farm. Organically grown. Germinates in a week or so.
—Atriplex hortensis 'Red'. (100) ATRI-11R. Packet: $2.50
25 grams: $11.00, 100 grams: $35.00
'RED ORACH'. Striking ornamental red-purple leaves and stems. Popular variety to 3 feet, growing all year except when freezing. The succulent leaves are a colorful addition to salads, or can be boiled like spinach or chard. Pretty in the flower garden.

ATROPA (AT-ro-pa or a-TRO-pa)
SOLANACEAE. 'BELLADONNA'. Several hardy perennials grown for ornament and medicine. Attractive bell-shaped flowers and shiny purple-black berries. Easily grown in any ordinary soil, doing very well in chalky, limestone soils. Named for Atropos, one of the three fates which severed the thread of life. Though rarely fatal to adults, children should be warned against them, and keep the berries picked. They become stately plants in a few years. Sow in early spring to germinate in 4 - 6 weeks. Germination is improved by cold treatment, GA-3, or soaking in vodka overnight (to leach out inhibitors).
NEW—Atropa acuminata. (100) ATRO-4. Packet: $2.50
5 gm: $15.00
'INDIAN BELLADONNA', 'YEBRUI'. Robust hardy perennial to 3 - 5 feet, with bell-shaped 1 1/4" wide flowers followed by purple berries. Kashmir, central Asia. Medicinal, similar to the other species. Give 8 weeks cold or GA-3 to germinate in 2 - 3 weeks. Aged seed a year or two old germinates readily.
—Atropa Belladonna. (100) ATRO-1. Packet: $2.50
Needs cold treatment or GA-3 to germinate.
—Atropa Belladonna GA-3. (100) ATRO-1G. Packet: $3.00
Gram: $7.50, 5 grams: $22.00
Pre-Primed with GA-3.
'BELLADONNA', 'DWALE'. Purple blue or purple-yellow nodding inch-long bells in June to September, followed by shiny purple-black 1/2" berries. Graceful hardy perennial to 3 - 6 feet, with large ovate 3 - 10" leaves and purple stems. Eurasia. Zone 5. An ancient, legendary and powerful herb with a long history of medical and magical use. The plant was said to take the form of a lovely enchantress, but dangerous to look upon. Macbeth poisoned an army of invading Danes by giving them wine laced with the herb. It was used since ancient times as a surgical anesthetic, against asthma, cardiac disease, etc., and is a major source of pharmaceuticals to this day. It is used to dilate the pupil for ocular examination, and Italian ladies formerly used this property by putting the juice in their eyes to increase their beauty, hence the name. Plant out of reach of children, and warn them against the berries. Germinates in 3 - 6 weeks at warm temperatures.

"The outside is bigger than the inside."
—J.L.H.


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