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2017 SEEDLIST - F - G
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Match term(s) in J.L. Hudson Search Index:

FABIANA (fa-bee-AH-na)
SOLANACEAE. South American shrubs.
—Fabiana imbricata. (100) FABI-12. Packet: $3.50
Click for photo » Fabiana imbricata.jpg (103128 bytes)

'PICHI-PICHI'. Abundant small tubular 1/2" white to pale purple flowers smother the upper third of the stems in summer. Heather-like shrub to 3 - 6 feet, with dark green, needle-like leaves. Chile. Zone 7. Traditional medicine for kidney and urinary problems. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.

FACHEIROA (fa-she-ir-O-a)
CACTACEAE. Brazilian cacti with cephalia.
—Fachieroa pilosa. (25) FACH-19. Packet: $2.50
Slender columnar cactus with a dark cephalium. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks, and GA-3 helps.
—Fachieroa Ulei. (=Espostoa Ulei) (25) FACH-24. Packet: $2.50
White inch-long flowers from an 8" fleece-like red-brown cephalium. Slender branching columnar cactus to 16 feet, with dense spines. Brazil. Zone 9. germinates in 2 - 4 weeks, and does not need GA-3.

FATSIA (FAT-see-a)
ARALIACEAE. One to three species.
—Fatsia japonica. (50) FATS-1. Packet: $2.50
1000 seed: $9.00
'JAPANESE ARALIA'. Bold tropical-effect foliage. Large palmate glossy dark green leaves to 16" wide. Large heads of round clusters of creamy white flowers in late summer, followed by attractive black berries. Shrub to 8 - 20 feet. Japan, Korea. Zone 8. Good houseplant in the North. Stands pollution, salt spray. Germinates in 2 - 3 weeks or so.

MYRTACEAE. 'PINEAPPLE GUAVA' Small trees of dry subtropical S. America, with showy flowers and edible fruits. Easily grown, pest-free and drought-resistant, they stand a few degrees of frost (down to 10 - 12°F) and are favorites in California. Sow seed in a mixture of sand and sawdust compost to prevent damping off. Germinates in in 2 - 5 weeks. Plant out when at least 4" tall. Seed viable a year or more.
—Feijoa Sellowiana. (=Acca Sellowiana) (50) FEIJ-4. Packet: $3.00
Gram: $15.00 (500 seed)
'PINEAPPLE GUAVA'. Dull green 1 - 4" long fruits have delicious pineapple- flavored pulp. Eaten fresh or cooked, crystallized, or made into jam or jelly. A handsome little tree to 18 feet, with a broad crown and showy 1 1/2" flowers with thick petals, purple inside, and having long crimson stamens. Olive-like foliage. Brazil, Argentina. Zone 8. The thick, fleshy petals are also edible, having a rich, aromatic flavor. The fruits are much valued by various S. American tribes. They are best picked from the ground after they fall, as these have the most delicate and fully developed flavor. Germinates in 2 - 5 weeks.

FEROCACTUS (fer-o-KAK-tus)
CACTACEAE. 'BARREL CACTUS'. Large round to barrel-shaped cacti, often fiercely spined, hence the name. Some reach gigantic proportions. They are easily grown in full sun in well drained soil. Most will stand frost if kept dry. Germinates best with 500ppm GA-3, in 2 weeks to 8 months.
—Ferocactus glaucescens. (25) FERO-9. Packet: $2.50
'BLUE BARREL'. Abundant glossy yellow 1 - 2" flowers that last a week. Large glaucous grey- or blue-green barrels to 16" tall, with inch-long spines. Eastern México. Zone 9. Strongly ribbed and attractive. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks, and does not need GA-3.

—Ferocactus Wislizenii. (25) FERO-26. Packet: $2.50
'FISH-HOOK BARREL'. Large barrels eventually reaching 10 feet tall and 2 - 3 feet thick, with 20 - 30 ribs and curved spines up to 4 - 5" long. Red-orange or yellow 2 1/2" flowers followed by 1 3/4" yellow edible fruits. Southern Utah to northern México. Zone 7. Slices of the stem have been candied and the seeds ground for food and bread. The Pima used the spines for fish-hooks. The flowers have been roasted and eaten. Germinates in 2 - 8 weeks, some lots need GA-3.

UMBELLIFERAE. About 170 Eurasian herbs, many producing medicinal and culinary gum-resins. Some are gigantic statuesque ornamentals. Best in deep rich soil in half sun, or for a bold effect at the streamside, but also inhabits dry rocky slopes.
—Ferula communis. (25) FERU-6. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $15.00, 50 grams: $50.00
Click for seedling photo » Ferula communis seedling.jpg (92827 bytes)
'GIANT FENNEL'. Robust perennial to 6 - 9 feet, reaching 15 feet in favored situations. Umbels of yellow flowers held above the fine mound of filmy, divided foliage. S. Europe to Syria. The stems are strong enough to have been used to make furniture, and the pith used as tinder. Produces the medicinal 'gum ammoniac', used as incense. Leaves edible. Spectacular in flower and attracts bees. Prechill seed 8 weeks to germinate in 1 - 2 weeks.

FILIPENDULA (fi-li-PEN-du-la)
ROSACEAE. Handsome hardy perennials related to Spiraea, with clusters of tiny flowers and pinnate leaves. Easy from seed. Best in moist soil.
—Filipendula Ulmaria. (100) FILI-24. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » FilipendulaUlmaria.jpg (71881 bytes)
'QUEEN OF THE MEADOW'. Tiny white flowers in terminal racemes. Hardy perennial to 2 - 6 feet. Eurasia, naturalized in N. America. Zone 3. Prefers wet fields and the water side. The leaves are fragrant and are used for strewing and flavoring wine and beer. A tea of the leaves is said to be a pleasant drink, and was taken for fevers and aches as an herbal aspirin substitute. Germinates in 2 - 10 weeks.

FOUQUIERIA (foo-kee-AIR-ee-a)
FOUQUIERIACEAE. Peculiar showy desert shrubs and trees grown for their bright flowers and spiny, often leafless branches. The genus (and family) are restricted to SW North America. Of diversity sampling interest.
—Fouquieria splendens. (25) FOUQ-22. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » Fouquieria 1.jpg (25626 bytes) Fouquieria 3.jpg (25950 bytes)
'OCOTILLO'. Brilliant red, inch-long, trumpet-shaped flowers in clusters up to 10" long. Base branching shrub to 20 feet, with long, straight thorny branches, leafless in dry periods. SW U.S. The flowers, young pods and seeds have been eaten. Germinates readily in 1 - 2 weeks warm.

FRAGARIA (fra-GAR-ee-a)
ROSACEAE. 'STRAWBERRY'. Well-known perennials grown for their delicious fruit, attractive trifoliate leaves and charming five-petaled flowers. Easily grown in any ordinary, moist, well drained garden soil. Mulch beds with straw in winter. Many species make excellent ground covers.
Fragaria vesca Varieties:
'ALPINE STRAWBERRY', 'FRAISES DES BOIS', 'PERPETUAL or WOODLAND STRAWBERRY'. Bushy, compact, upright runnerless plants bear small but very flavorful and fragrant strawberries. As we who gather wild strawberries know, the modern types have sacrificed flavor for size. These small-fruited alpine types have excellent flavor, and if started early can bear some fruit the first season. Excellent for edgings and pots, and may be mowed as ground cover. Part shade or full sun. Nearly everbearing, giving all summer.
Zone 4. Sow early, barely cover, to sprout in 1 - 4 weeks at cool to warm temperatures. Plant out 6 - 12" apart.
—Fragaria vesca 'Alexandria'. (100) FRAG-2A. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50
Sweet and very aromatic red fruits on bushy, runnerless plants. An excellent selection. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks.
—Fragaria vesca 'Golden Alexandria'. (100) FRAG-2GA. Packet: $2.50
'GOLDEN-LEAVED ALPINE STRAWBERRY'. Foliage starts out golden in spring, changing to light green. White flowers and sweet, aromatic red fruits. Hardy perennial to 8". Zone 4. Nice!
—Fragaria vesca 'Alpine Yellow'. (100) FRAG-2Y. Packet: $2.50
Small yellow sweet strawberries, fragrant and flavorful. May and June. Zone 5. Germinates in 2 - 6 weeks.
—Fragaria vesca 'Ruegen'. (100) FRAG-2G. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50
'ALPINE STRAWBERRY'. Large red aromatic fruits. Very productive and long bearing.
—Fragaria vesca Wildform. (100) FRAG-2W. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50
'WILD WOODLAND STRAWBERRY'. Tiny red strawberries and white flowers. Forms neat 8 - 10" mounds, but has few runners. Europe. Fragrant, flavorful strawberries. Zone 4. Germinates in 2 - 8 weeks.

FRANCOA (fran-KO-a)
SAXIFRAGACEAE. A single variable species from Chile, often subdivided. Germinates readily.
—Francoa appendiculata. (400) FRAN-2. Packet: $2.50
1/4 gram: $7.50, Gram: $14.00
Click for photo » Francoa appendiculata1.jpg (191115 bytes) Francoa appendiculata2.jpg (187501 bytes) Francoa appendiculata3.jpg (118307 bytes)
'LLAUPANGUE'. White to pink flowers marked purple inside, in spikes to 2 - 3 feet, held above a compact mound of scalloped leaves. Chile. Best in part shade and moist soil. Zone 4 to 7. Germinates in 3 weeks or so, needs light, surface sow. For more seeds and plants grown by plant-explorer Ben Kamm, including many Andean rarities, see his website at www.sacredsucculents.com
—Francoa sonchifolia. (100) FRAN-8. Packet: $2.50
1/4 gram: $9.00

'BRIDAL WREATH'. Small pink and white 4petaled flowers in long sprays, July to September. Hardy perennial to 2 feet, with rosettes of lobed leaves. Chile. Zone 4. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks or may be irregular.

STERCULIACEAE. Two species of evergreen shrubs from the Californias. Needs good drainage, full sun. Not too hardy. Does well in pots in the greenhouse, and is grown in England against walls. Give hot water treatment then 4 - 8 weeks cold, to germinate in 4 - 12 weeks. Spectacular plants.
—Fremontodendron californicum. (10) FREM-4. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » FremontodendronCalifornicum.jpg (61403 bytes)
'FLANNEL-BUSH'. Lemon yellow hibiscus-like 1 - 2" five-petaled flowers cover the bush in May and June. Fast growing shrub or small tree to 6 - 20 feet, with leathery, felty, three-lobed fig-like 1 - 2" leaves. California. Zone 8. As all the flowers tend to bloom at once, it becomes an eye-catching mass of color.

FRITILLARIA (fri-ti-LAR-ee-a)
LILIACEAE. Hardy North Hemisphere bulbs with odd, often checkered, nodding bell-shaped flowers. Most do well in any rich garden soil and part shade.

—Fritillaria affinis. (=lanceolata) (100) FRIT-6. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $12.00
Click for photo » Fritillaria affinis1.jpg (177743 bytes) Fritillaria affinis2.jpg (137606 bytes)
'CHOCOLATE LILY', 'RICE-ROOT FRITILLARY', 'MISSION BELLS'. Nodding, mottled and checkered, purple-bronze and yellow, 1 - 2" bells, up to 19 on a stalk. To 1 1/2 - 3 feet tall. California to B.C. Germinates in 65 - 98 days at cool temps. Bulbs produce many rice-grain bulblets. Produces a single, shining, strap-like radical leaf the first few years until ready to flower. The bulbs were eaten by Indian tribes, perhaps after special preparation.

NEW—Fritillaria orientalis. (10) FRIT-28. Packet: $4.00

Nodding bell-shaped purple-brown flowers in spring. Half-hardy bulb with narrow leaves. S. Europe. Zone 7.

ONAGRACEAE. Ornamental shrubs for mild climates.
NEW—Fuchsia magellanica. (100) FUCH-52. Packet: $3.00
'CHILCO'. Pendulous pink and blue inch-long flowers followed by edible fruits. Shrub to 5 - 8 feet. Central and southern Chile. Zone 7. Medicinal. Moist soil. Surface sow, germinates in 2 - 4 weeks.

GAILLARDIA (gay-LAR-dee-a)
COMPOSITAE. Showy summer-flowering annuals and perennials from the Americas. Easily grown in well-drained soil and full sun. Long period of bloom, and they last well in water and are favorite cut-flowers.
Gaillardia aristata Varieties:
'BLANKET FLOWER'. Large showy daisies up to 5" across, in rich shades of red, orange and yellow, often bordered with darker maroon zones. Blooms from June to frost, and makes excellent long lasting cut flowers. Hardy perennial to 1 - 3 feet, with deeply cut leaves. Great Plains. Zone 3. One of our finest natives, it is easily grown as an annual or perennial. Good in heat, full sun and dry areas. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks at cool to warm temperatures.

—Gaillardia aristata 'Amber Wheels'. (20) GAIL-1A. Packet: $2.50
Large golden, fringed flowers with amber-red centers. Hardy perennial to 30". Zone 3. Cut-flower.
—Gaillardia aristata 'Bremen'. (100) GAIL-1BR. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $7.50, 25 grams: $15.00
Nice coppery-scarlet with yellow edge. To 30".
—Gaillardia aristata 'Burgundy'. (25) GAIL-1N. Packet: $2.50
Glowing rich wine red. Showy. To 30" tall.
—Gaillardia aristata 'Goblin'. (50) GAIL-1G. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $7.50, 50 grams: $25.00 This Unit OUT OF STOCK - Packets and ten grams are available
Deep crimson 3" flowers with a yellow edge. The first dwarf, only 12 - 14" tall.

GALTONIA (gal-TOE-nee-a)
LILIACEAE. Hyacinth-like South African bulbous plants grown in rich moist soil for summer bloom.
NEW—Galtonia candicans. (50) GALT-1. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $12.00

'GIANT SUMMER-HYACINTH'. Nodding pure white fragrant 1 1/2" flowers in 3 foot tall spikes of 20 - 40 blooms. Large strap-shaped leaves. South Africa. Long-lasting bloom. Zone 7. Germinates in 3 - 5 weeks.

RUBIACEAE. Shrubs and trees grown in warm regions for their fragrant flowers. Sun or part shade.
—Gardenia Thunbergia. (25) GARD-23. Packet: $2.50
100 seed: $15.00, 500 seed: $45.00
'STARRY GARDENIA'. Large, fragrant, creamy-white 3" wide funnel-shaped flowers with pointed petals. Shrub to 10 feet tall and 20 feet wide, with 6" glossy dark green leaves. South Africa. Zone 9. Will scent a whole greenhouse when in bloom. Germinates in 4 - 8 weeks.

GAULTHERIA (gaul-THEE-ree-a)
ERICACEAE. Evergreen woody or herb-like plants with urn-shaped flowers and often edible fruits. Prefers sandy, peaty soil with plenty of moisture, and part shade. The dwarfs are good in the rock garden. Good wildlife food. Some are medicinal. Sow on the surface - light is essential. Some need cold. Germinates in 30 - 100 days. Seed viable 3 years.

—Gaultheria erecta. (250) GAUL-8. Packet: $3.25

'GIANT SALAL'. White bell-shaped flowers followed by edible purple-black berries. Shrub to 10 feet with oval leaves. Mountain cloud forests, México to the Andes. Best in part shade. Zone 9. Germinates in 2 - 8 weeks.
—Gaultheria Shallon. (500) GAUL-24. Packet: $2.50
'SALAL'. Racemes of pinkish-white, urn-shaped flowers in spring. Spreading shrub to 1 - 6 feet, with 2 - 4" shining evergreen leaves. Dark purple-black 1/4" berries. Coastal California to B.C. The attractive foliage is prized for decoration, and the spicy, aromatic berries are eaten by Indians, fresh, cooked with grease, or dried for winter use. Valuable wildlife forage and watershed protection in forest understorey. The leaves are smoked with kinnikinnik and used medicinally. One of our finer natives. Surface sow, light helps, germinates in 2 - 4 weeks.

ONAGRACEAE. Showy-flowered North American annuals and perennials. Good in the border or the wild garden, in well-drained to sandy soil. Full sun or part shade. Grow as annuals in the North.
—Gaura Lindheimeri 'Summer Breeze'. (=Oenothera Lindheimeri). (25) GAUR-21S. Packet: $2.50
Tall, wand-like spikes of 3/4" white flowers with rosy filaments, blooming over a long period, July to October. Bushy perennial to 3 - 5 feet. Texas. This selection blooms the first year from seed, and has improved winter hardiness. Zone 5. Germinates in 2 - 6 weeks.

"We know that ants and certain Lamellicorn beetles are capable of feeling an attachment for each other, and that ants recognise their fellows after an interval of several months."
—Charles Darwin.

GENTIANA (jen-shee-A-na)
GENTIANACEAE. 'GENTIAN'. Some 300 species of mostly perennial herbs grown in the rock garden for their beautiful flowers. As northern or alpine plants, most need cool temperatures and well-drained soil with constant moisture. Hot dry climates don't suit them, and in marginal areas plant on the north side of a stone to insure a cool root. Long-lived once established. Give loose, sandy, peaty soil, and the Asian species will not stand lime. Shade seed pans. Sow in fall or early winter, or give 2 months cold. Many are highly irregular in germination, giving seedlings in as little as two weeks, with stragglers sprouting over the next 4 years, so hold your flats! Seed half-life 3 years. Some have internal clocks.
Many gentians do best with GA-3 and cool or cold temperatures, but will give some germination at cool temperatures - usually giving plenty of plants per packet this way. Try GA-3, or 2 weeks at 40°F, then 2 weeks at 50°F.
—Gentiana asclepiadea. (200) GENT-9. Packet: $2.50
'WILLOW GENTIAN'. Deep blue 1 1/2" tubular bell-shaped flowers in clusters, July to September. Hardy perennial to 2 feet, with arching leafy stems. Europe. Zone 3. Germinates in 2 - 8 weeks warm.

—Gentiana asclepiadea var. alba. (100) GENT-9A. Packet: $3.00

'WHITE WILLOW GENTIAN' Pure white tubular 1 1/2" flowers in clusters, July to September. Hardy perennial to 16" or so. Europe. Zone 3. Seed germinates readily in 2 - 8 weeks warm.

GERANIUM (je-RAY-nee-um)
GERANIACEAE. Wide-ranging herbs with attractive often palmately divided leaves and charming, often showy 5-petaled flowers. Easy in most soils, good in the border, rockery and under trees. These are not greenhouse 'geraniums', which are Pelargonium.

—Geranium pratense 'Dark Reiter'. (10) GERN-185R. Packet: $4.00
Deep lilac-blue inch-wide flowers in June to August. Compact hardy perennial to 10", with stunning deep reddish-purple divided foliage. Eurasia. Zone 4. Comes 98% true from seed. Scratch seed lightly to germinate in 1 - 4 weeks.
—Geranium pratense 'Painter's Palette'. (10) GERN-185P. Packet: $2.50
Large flowers in white, soft pink, light and dark blue, violet, and white with blue splashes, June to August. Hardy perennial to 20". Eurasia. Zone 4. Scratch seed lightly to germinate in 1 - 4 weeks.
—Geranium pratense 'Striatum'. (10) GERN-185S. Packet: $4.00
'SPLISH-SPLASH'. Large white flowers attractively streaked and splashed with blue, 1 - 2" wide. Hardy perennial to 20", with shiny green 3 - 8" wide, deeply divided leaves. Eurasia. Zone 4. Scratch seed lightly to germinate in 1 - 4 weeks.
—Geranium Robertianum. (75) GERN-204. Packet: $2.50

'HERB ROBERT', 'RED ROBIN'. Dark pink to red 3/4" flowers from May to October. Annual or biennial to 4 - 20", with finely divided ferny aromatic foliage. N. Hemisphere. Good to carpet part shade. Zone 6. Medicinal. Scratch seed lightly to germinate in 1 - 4 weeks.
—Geranium sessiliflorum var. Nigricans. (10) GERN-216. Packet: $4.00
Deep bronze-purple inch-wide leaves. Perennial to 4", with small white or pink flowers in summer. New Zealand. Zone 5. Nick seed lightly.

GEUM (JEE-um or GAY-um)
ROSACEAE. Easily grown hardy perennials with bright red to yellow flowers. Good for cutting. Best in sun and well-drained soil.
—Geum chiloense 'Mrs. Bradshaw'. (50) GEUM-10B. Packet: $2.50
'FIREBALL'. Large, double, rich glowing scarlet flowers, good for cutting. Hardy perennial (to zone 6) forming a 15" mound of foliage with the flowers held well above it at 2 feet. Chile. Zone 4. Blooms May to July. An old favorite variety. Germinates in 2 - 3 weeks.

—Geum magellanicum. (50) GEUM-28. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50
'HIERBA de CLAVO'. Bright orange-red 1" flowers borne abundantly en long stalks above the foliage. Perennial to 3 feet. Andes of southern Chile. Likes moisture and stands part shade and snow. Germinates in 2 - 3 weeks. For more seeds and plants grown by plant-explorer Ben Kamm, including many Andean rarities, see his website at www.sacredsucculents.com

AIZOACEAE. South African succulents.
NEW—Gibbaeum Shandii. (25) GIBB-40. Packet: $2.50
Thick succulent leaves on short stems, and 1/2" reddish flowers. South Africa. Germinates in 2 - 3 weeks.

GILIA (JIL-ee-a or GIL-ee-a)
POLEMONIACEAE. Colorful western N. American annuals, biennials, and perennials, thriving in dry, sunny, well-drained spots. Easily grown.
—Gilia tricolor. (1000) GIL-42. Packet: $2.00
Ounce: $6.00, 1/4 Pound: $18.00
'BIRD'S EYES'. Clustered violet to lavender bell-shaped 3/4" chocolate-scented flowers with yellow throats spotted purple and with blue pollen, from June to September. Hardy annual to 1 - 2 1/2 feet, with feathery foliage. California. Space 6 - 12". Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.

GINKGOACEAE. A single species. Sprouts easily.
—Ginkgo biloba. (20) GINK-1. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Pound: $6.00, Pound: $15.00. About 310 seed per pound this year. Pound unit OUT OF STOCK - Packets and 1/4 pounds are available
Click for photo » Ginkgo biloba autumn.jpg (135926 bytes)

'MAIDENHAIR TREE'. Hardy tree to 120 feet with handsome 2 - 3" fan-shaped leaves. Beautiful golden fall color. E. China. A relict species with identical fossils dating to 200 million years ago. Probably extinct in the wild (may occur wild in Zhejiang) and surviving only in cultivation. As this is the sole remaining member of a formerly widespread family, it is the prime example of preservation through dissemination, and a model species for biological enrichment. The seeds are eaten and both seeds and leaves are valued in Chinese medicine, and have been proven useful for a variety of conditions associated with ageing. Hardy to Zone 5 or more, easily grown, pest free. Plant it everywhere!

GLADIOLUS (gla-dee-O-lus)
IRIDACEAE. Well-known African and European tender and half-hardy cormous plants grown for their showy spikes of funnel-shaped flowers. Some are hardy in the North if mulched. Blooms best if crowded. Most germinate at cold temperatures.
—Gladiolus communis. (25) GLAD-13. Packet: $2.50
Picture: http://www.biodiversidadvirtual.org/herbarium/Gladiolus-communis.-img141792.html
Rosy red 2" flowers in 2 - 3 branches of 8 - 20 blooms, June and July. Hardy bulb to 3 feet, with sword-shaped leaves. Meadows of Europe. Zone 5. Germinates in 8 - 12 weeks at cool to cold temperatures, and KNO3 helps.
—Gladiolus illyricus. (25) GLAD-36. Packet: $2.50
Purple- red 1 - 2" flowers in spikes of 3 - 10 blooms in April to August. Hardy perennial to 16 - 20", with foot-long sword-shaped leaves. Europe. Zone 6. Good in meadows. Germinates at cold temperatures. GA-3 helps. Will germinate in 1 - 5 months.

NEW—Gladiolus italicus. (20) GLAD-40. Packet: $2.50
'FIELD GLADIOLUS'. Purple-pink 1 1/2" flowers in spikes of up to 15 blooms, spring or summer. Perennial to 10 - 30", with grass-like leaves. South Europe. Zone 6. Germinates in 8 - 12 weeks at cold temperatures.

PAPAVERACEAE. Distinctive annuals biennials and perennials, best in poor dry soils in full sun, where they bloom better and are longer lived. The perennials may be grown as annuals if started early, but they don't transplant well. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks at cool to warm temperatures. Sow in spring or fall. "Striking plants for the border or wild garden."—C.O. Booth.
—Glaucium flavum var. aurantiacum. (50) GLAU-2A. Packet: $2.50
'ORANGE HORNED POPPY'. Large showy orange-red 2 - 3" flowers followed by foot-long ornamental pods. Hardy biennial or perennial to 20", with striking rosettes of glaucous succulent lobed blue-green foliage. Europe. Zone 5. Good in poor sandy soil. Use GA-3 to germinate in 2 - 4 weeks.

GLEDITSIA (gle-DIT-shee-a)
LEGUMINOSAE. 'HONEY LOCUST'. Handsome ornamental trees grown throughout the world. Vigorous, hardy, fast growing, drought resistant, standing almost any soil except heavy clay. They are excellent for shade, impenetrable hedges, timber and fuelwood production, erosion control, human, livestock and wildlife food, shelterbelts, etc. Tolerates alkalinity and salinity. Easy from seed, but has a hard seed coat. Either nick and soak, or cover with 3 - 4 times their volume with almost boiling water and soak till swollen. Sow shallowly to germinate in 1 - 4 weeks warm.
—Gleditsia triacanthos inermis. (25) GLED-10N. Packet: $2.00
Ounce: $5.00, 1/4 Pound: $8.00
'THORNLESS HONEYLOCUST'. Thornlessness is a genetically dominant trait and comes true from seed. Other than lack of thorns, this tree has all of the fine properties of the thorny kind. "Over half of my thornless honey locusts wintered over! Many days we dropped below –40°F."—D.J., Saskatchewan. 1/97.

UMBELLIFERAE. One or two species.
—Glehnia littoralis. (30) GLEH-6. Packet: $2.50
'BEACH - CARROT', 'HAMA - BOFU'. White flowers in several ball-shaped clusters together on whitish stems. Attractive reddish seed-balls. Stemless hardy perennial growing in coastal dunes of the north Pacific. In Japan the young leaves and stems are pickled and eaten, said to taste like angelica and tarragon. Sow in fall or prechill 8 - 12 weeks.

GLYCYRRHIZA (gli-sir-RI-za)
LEGUMINOSAE. Wide ranging perennials with pinnate leaves and spikes of flowers in summer. Good in the flower garden or grown for the sweet roots.
—Glycyrrhiza glabra. (20) GLYC-10. Packet: $3.50
'LICORICE'. Pale blue 1/2" flowers in dense spikes in July to September. Graceful perennial to 3 - 4 feet, with feathery pinnate leaves. Mediterranean to SW Asia. Much grown for the production of licorice roots, which contain glycyrrhizin, 50 times sweeter than sucrose. Leaves were used as tea by the Mongols. For best quality roots, a deep fertile soil with water during the growing season but hot, dry weather in late summer. Harvest roots the second or third season. Germinates in 1 - 6 weeks.
—Glycyrrhiza uralensis. (10) GLYC-24. Packet: $3.00
'GAN CAO', 'CHINESE LICORICE'. Hardy perennial to 3 feet, with white-violet flowers in spikes and feathery foliage. China. The source of Chinese licorice, used as a Qi tonic and adaptogen. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks.
—Glycyrrhiza yunnanensis. (20) GLYC-28. Packet: $2.50
Nice photo of pods:
'YUNNAN LICORICE', 'YUN NAN GAN CAO'. Small purple flowers in dense heads in May and June, followed by pods with pinkish hairs. Perennial to 3 feet, with feathery 4" leaves. Mts. of Yunnan, China, to 8000 feet. Zone 8 or 9. Nick seed to germinate in 1 - 2 weeks.

AMARANTHACEAE. 'GLOBE AMARANTH'. Popular annuals and perennials grown for their brilliantly colored clover-like flowerheads, which are among the best everlastings. Good for borders and edging. Prefers rich, well-drained soil in full sun, and they tolerate drought and hot weather. Good pot plants for a sunny window. Best started indoors in February and March, or outdoors after danger of frost. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks at warm temperatures. Space 12" apart or grow in 5" pots. Cut flowers when almost fully open for drying in an airy place.
Gomphrena globosa Varieties:
'GLOBE AMARANTH'. Bushy half hardy annual to 12" or taller, with narrow leaves and round 1 - 1/2" brilliant flowerheads. Easy. Old World tropics. Cultivated since 1714. One of the best everlastings.
We supply rubbed seed when possible, but not all varieties are available rubbed.
—Gomphrena globosa White. (50) GOMP-2W. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $7.50
—Gomphrena haageana 'Strawberry Fields'. (50) GOMP-12S. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $9.00, 25 grams: $18.00
True scarlet-red 2" flower-heads in great profusion. Good for cutting, they keep their color dried. Annual to 1 - 2 feet. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.

GRINDELIA (grin-DEL-ee-a)
COMPOSITAE. Free-blooming herbs of western North America and South America. Good for hot, dry sunny places, and are favorite western wildflowers. Easy.
—Grindelia boliviana BK10423.1. (50) GRIN-6. Packet: $4.00
'CH'IRI CH'IRI'. Yellow daisies on an aromatic herb to a foot tall. Arid shrublands, Peru and Bolivia, to 10,000 feet. Zone 8. Important medicinal plant, used for many ailments. Germinates in 2 weeks and up.

GUNNERA (GUN-er-a or gu-NER-a)
GUNNERACEAE. Perennial herbs ranging from gigantic plants grown for their bold foliage, down to tiny mat-forming dwarfs. Best in cool, moist, mild climates—excellent on the Pacific coast.
I've had the best results by rubbing the seed out of its husk, then soaking in rubbing alcohol for 15 minutes to remove germination inhibitors. Then it will give good germination over 1 - 10 months.
—Gunnera manicata. (100) GUNN-16. Packet: $3.00
'GIANT GUNNERA'. Gigantic leaves can reach 5 - 10 feet across, rising in a cluster from the crown. Flower cluster 1 foot thick and 3 - 4 feet tall. S. Brazil. Zone 7. Occasionally forms a magnificent clump 25 - 35 feet across. Best grown near a pond to insure a steady supply of moisture.

CACTACEAE. Round South American cacti with large bright flowers in many colors. Free-flowering even when young. Some fairly hardy. GA-3 helps.
—Gymnocalycium Spegazzinii. (25) GYMO-40. Packet: $2.50
White to pink 1 1/2" flowers with pale purple throats, opening from blue buds. Blue- or grey-green cactus to 8", with curved spines. Argentina. Zone 8 or 9. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks with GA-3.
—Gymnocalycium Valnicekianum. (25) GYMO-46. Packet: $2.50
Large white 2" wide flowers with reddish throat. Dark green knobby cactus to a foot tall. Argentina. Zone 8 or 9. Blooms abundantly. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks with GA-3.

LEGUMINOSAE. Two species of deciduous trees grown for ornament and timber. Stands heat, cold, drought and poor soil. Seed has a very hard coat and needs deep nicking to germinate in 2 - 6 weeks.
—Gymnocladus chinensis. (5) GYMC-6. Packet: $5.00
'FEI- TSAO-CHIA'. Large tree with white flowers and with smaller and more numerous leaflets than the American species, and with much thicker 3 - 4 pods. Central China. Almost unknown in the US. The pounded unripe pods were used as washing soap and are used medicinally for rheumatism, dysentery, and hematuria. Seeds eaten roasted. Nick and soak to germinate in 2 - 4 weeks.
—Gymnocladus dioica. (10) GYMC-1. Packet: $2.50
'KENTUCKY COFFEE TREE'. Large tree to 50 - 110 feet, with large 1 1/2 - 3 foot long bipinnate leaves, which are pinkish in spring, deep green in summer, and clear yellow in fall. Greenish 1/2" flowers in foot-long racemes on female trees, 4" clusters on males. Females produce persistent thick red-brown 6 - 10" pods filled with large seed and pulp. E. U.S. Zone 4. The seeds are said to have been roasted as a coffee substitute in the 1700's, and were roasted and eaten like nuts by the Indians. The bruised leaves or pod pulp sprinkled with sweetened water are said to attract and kill flies. "One of the most handsome of all hardy trees."—Hilliers. The seeds were used as counters in an Indian game. They make excellent beads, taking on a high polish.

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