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J. L. HUDSON, SEEDSMAN, BOX 337, LA HONDA, CALIFORNIA 94020-0337 USA
2014 SEEDLIST - N
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Match term(s) in J.L. Hudson Search Index:

NANDINA (nan-DEE-na)
BERBERIDACEAE. A single species.
—Nandina domestica. (20) NAND-1. Packet: $2.50
1/2 Oz: $6.00

'HEAVENLY BAMBOO'. Large clusters of small white flowers followed by brilliant red berries in autumn. Evergreen shrub to 6 feet, with cane-like stems and pinnate leaves which have some winter color. Japan to India. Zone 7. Does well in shade to full sun. Nice pot plant in the North. Revered in Asia as a sacred tree, it has many interesting medicinal uses, said to drive away sleepiness, prevent hunger, and keep off old age. Germinates in 6 - 20 weeks.

NARCISSUS (nar-KISS-us)
AMARYLLIDACEAE. Popular spring and autumn flowering bulbs, standing heat and cold, and naturalizing well. Good for forcing and cut-flowers. Deep moist well-drained soil is best. Divide every 5 years.
—Narcissus poeticus. (25) NARC-42. Packet: $2.50
'POET'S NARCISSUS', 'PHEASANT'S EYE'. Pure white, very sweet-scented 2 - 3" wide six-petaled flowers with yellow centers ringed red, May to June. To 1 1/2 feet. Moist sites, Spain to Greece. Zone 4. Good in semi-shade. Flowers used in perfumery. Germinates at cold or warm, in 2 - 11 months.

NELUMBO (ne-LUM-bo)
NELUMBONACEAE. Large, strong-growing aquatic plants with large round leaves held above the water, and huge flowers followed by ornamental flat-topped seed pods used in dried arrangements. Good in large ponds and shallow water where the tubers will be out of reach of frost. Can be grown in large tubs. File through outer layer of seed coat (not to the quick) and soak in water. In a few days to a week they will swell and float (in nature dispersing them), then they sink and shoots emerge in about 10 - 15 days. Plant in pots or weight with clay and drop in a pond. Seed viable 150 to 1000 years.
—Nelumbo nucifera. (10) NELU-17. Packet: $3.00
1/4 lb: $12.00 (about 125 seed)
'HINDU LOTUS', 'SACRED LOTUS'. Fragrant pink or rose flowers 4 - 10" across. Round leaves 1 - 3 feet across, held 3 - 6 feet above the water. Ornamental seed pods. S. Asia. Zone 8. The flower is held sacred throughout the East, being the symbol of the world, its wheel-like form representing the eternal cycles of existence. Deities are often represented seated upon its center, and in China it is the symbol of purity, truth, and summer. The seeds are eaten raw, roasted or boiled and are said to taste like filberts or pine-nuts. The roots are eaten sliced, pickled in salt and vinegar, or pounded for starch. The tender root-shoots are eaten boiled, and the stems are eaten in Japan, and are said to taste like beets. The petals are used in soups and the stamens for flavoring tea. The leaves are used as plates, and all parts are valued in Chinese medicine.
Click for photos on how to germinate Nelumbo »
Step 1, Use a file: Nelumbo1.jpg (18523 bytes) Nelumbo2.jpg (24843 bytes)
Proper amount of nicking: Nelumbo3.jpg (28578 bytes)
Soaking the seed: Nelumbo4.jpg (41091 bytes)
And a week or ten days later, they sprout: Nelumbo sprouting.jpg (40138 bytes) Voila!


NEMOPHILA (ne-MO-fee-la)
HYDROPHYLLACEAE. Showy, low-growing annuals valued for their bright, abundant, bell-shaped flowers. Good for naturalizing, they are best in masses. Continuous bloom from spring through summer. Sun or part shade, ordinary soil, moderate water. Easy from seed, sow where they are to grow.
—Nemophila Menziesii. (500) NEMO-16. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00, 1/4 lb: $18.00
Click for photo » NemophilaMenziesii.jpg (21680 bytes)
'BABY BLUE EYES'. Bright blue 1 1/2" flowers with white centers, blooming abundantly over a long period. Low annual to 10". California. Nice for edging, borders or sown in drifts. Drought resistant. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks at cool temperatures.

NEPETA (NE-pe-ta)
LABIATAE. Aromatic annuals and perennials with pretty blue or white flowers. Easily grown in most soils, sun or shade. Sow where they are to stand. Seed viable 5 years.
—Nepeta Mussinii. (=Faassenii) (500) NEPE-10. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50
'PERSIAN GROUND IVY'. Spikes of lavender-blue flowers in June and July. Hardy aromatic perennial to 1 foot, with silvery grey-green leaves. Caucasus. Zone 3. Good in the rock garden or for edging. Attracts cats, and is a good bee plant. Likes sandy soil. Germinates in 1 - 5 weeks.
—Nepeta subsessilis 'Pink Dreams'. (25) NEPE-40P. Packet: $3.00
Beautiful 1 1/4" flowers in deep pink, soft pink, sometimes shaded yellow, in abundant spikes in July to August. Hardy perennial to 2 feet, with deep green 3 - 4" leaves. Japan. Zone 3. Best in moist part shade. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.

NICANDRA (nee-KAN-dra)
SOLANACEAE. A single species. Grow like tomatoes, likes full sun and ordinary soil, but stands part shade. Space 1 - 3 feet apart. Good in pots. Flowers in about 14 weeks from seed and for 12 weeks more. Aged seed sprouts readily, fresh seed needs cold or GA-3.
—Nicandra Physalodes. (500) NICA-1. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $7.50, 25 grams: $14.00
Click for photo » Nicandra physalodes 1.jpg (51083 bytes)
'SHOO-FLY PLANT', 'APPLE OF PERU'. Sky-blue, inch-wide bells all summer, followed by attractive, unusual papery, five-winged pods which are useful in dried arrangements. Vigorous bushy half hardy annual to 2 - 5 feet tall, with light green, wavy-edged leaves. Peru. An old-fashioned garden favorite, grown for ornament and its fly-killing or repelling properties, which many people swear by. Formerly much grown around farm houses for this purpose. Also grown in greenhouses as it attracts and kills white flies. Give GA-3.
NEW—Nicandra Physalodes var. nigra. (500) NICA-1N. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $12.00
Deep purple-black sterns and pods flushed purple. Sky blue inch-wide flowers. Use GA-3 to germinate in a week.
—Nicandra Physalodes 'Splash of Cream'. (100) NICA-1SC. Packet: $2.50
'VARIEGATED SHOO-FLY PLANT'. Striking variety with variegated leaves. Unique! Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks warm. Fresh seed may need GA-3.

NICOTIANA (ni-KO-she-A-na or NI-ko-tee-A-na)
SOLANACEAE. 'TOBACCO'. Nearly 70 species of herbs to small trees, mostly Western Hemisphere, but 20 in Australia and 1 in SW Africa. Valued for their often showy, mostly fragrant trumpet shaped flowers, and the bold effect of the foliage. Excellent in borders, preferring rich moist soil and full sun. Fragrant types may be flowered in pots for indoor scent. Many species have been smoked, and several are grown for the production of the valuable biodegradable insecticide nicotine. Sow indoors a month or two before last frost or outdoors when the weather has warmed. Surface sow, most germinate in 1 - 3 weeks. Seed long-lived, with a half-life of 5 - 10 years.
—Nicotiana alata 'Sweet Scented White'. (1000) NICO-3W. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $6.00, 25 grams: $10.00, 100 grams: $28.00
Click for photos » Nicotiana alata Sweet White 1.jpg (61468 bytes) Nicotiana alata Sweet White 7.jpg (94089 bytes) Nicotiana alata Sweet White 8.jpg (126297 bytes)
'JASMINE TOBACCO'. Very sweet scented pure white trumpet-shaped flowers 3 - 4" long and 1 - 2" wide. Tender perennial to 3 - 4 feet, usually grown as an annual. Brazil. Popular and free blooming. "Fall sown seedlings make excellent pot plants in winter... and are very fragrant."—Ricker. This is the true old-fashioned type, tall and intensely fragrant, which we reproduced from our seed archives.
—Nicotiana glauca. (=arborea) (100) NICO-15. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50, 5 grams: $30.00
Click for photos » Nicotiana Glauca Tree.jpg (53475 bytes) Nicotiana Glauca Blooms.jpg (63877 bytes)
'TREE TOBACCO', 'DON JUAN', 'ISIL-PIVAT' (Cahuilla Indian name). Bright yellow, tubular shaped 1 1/2" flowers in large, pendant clusters. Graceful tree or shrub to 20 feet, with striking glaucous-blue foliage. Argentina. Grown outdoors in the Southwest, or as a stately tub plant in the North. Sometimes grown as an annual in the border for the bold foliage. Valued by Indians for smoking, chewing, drinking, and medicinal uses. Said to contain only trace nicotine, its major alkaloid is anabasine, which is similar in action, but a bit less toxic. Highly toxic to aphids. Hardy to about 15°F. I have had it flower in a 3" pot when 1 foot tall. Attracts hummingbirds and sphinx moths. Fresh seed often dormant, and needs GA-3, but seed a year or two old germinates readily in 1 - 2 weeks.
—Nicotiana glutinosa. (1000) NICO-16. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00
Photos and info
Article on anti-fungal diterpenes
Soft pink. inch-wide chalice-shaped flowers on a large, sticky-downy annual. Peru and Bolivia. The leaves produce anti-fungal compounds.
NEW—Nicotiana mutabilis. (1000) NICO-22. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00
Fragrant flowers start out white and turn pink, held in large airy clusters over the plant. Blooms all summer till frost. Tender perennial to 5 - 8 feet. Southern Brazil. Easily grown as an annual in the North, perennial in California and the South. Introduced into horticulture even before the taxonomists described it as a new species in 2002. Germinates in 2 - 3 weeks.
NEW—Nicotiana rustica 'San Juan Pueblo'. (1000) NICO-29SJ. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50
Traditionally grown variety from the San Juan Pueblo. Used ceremonially. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.
—Nicotiana rustica 'Rapa Nui'. (500) NICO-29RN. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $9.00, 5 grams: $36.00
Click for photos » Nicotiana rustica Rapa Nui 1.jpg (127376 bytes) Nicotiana rustica Rapa Nui 3.jpg (70760 bytes)
'AVA-AVA', 'EASTER ISLAND TOBACCO'. Yellow flowers and 15" long leaves, on a plant to 3 - 4 feet. Originally collected on Rapa Nui (Easter Island), where the local indigenous cowboys call it 'ava-ava' and smoke it mixed with milder commercial tobacco or with Can nabis. They say it has always been on the island (not introduced). They say it is very strong-flavored. Curiously, 'ava-ava' is used elsewhere in the South Pacific to refer to the intoxicating drink 'kava'. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
—Nicotiana sylvestris. (1000) NICO-33. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50
Click for photos » Nicotiana sylvestris 3.jpg (79493 bytes) Nicotiana sylvestris 2.jpg (98930 bytes) Nicotiana sylvestris clump 2.jpg (127447 bytes)
Sweet scented drooping white flowers with long slender tubes flaring to 1 - 2" wide. Vigorous tender perennial to 5 feet, with large 20" basal leaves, making bold attractive clumps. Argentina. On a warm summer evening a clump will perfume a yard with one of the most delightful scents I've known.

Nicotiana Tabacum Varieties:
'SMOKING TOBACCO'. Robust annual or short-lived perennial to 3 - 6 feet or more, with large leaves and beautiful rosy-red trumpet-shaped 2" flowers. Tropical America. Strikingly beautiful, attracts many hummingbirds, and a valuable organic insecticide. They are lovely, useful plants—you don't have to smoke them to like them—few things make me as happy as being next to a blooming tobacco plant!

LIABILITY DISCLAIMER NOTE: Tobacco is the single most addictive substance known to man. I doubt if anyone is unaware of the negative health consequences of tobacco use. I do not encourage anyone to use tobacco, but I also do not condemn anyone who does use it. I distribute tobacco seeds because it is a beautiful and useful plant, and because I feel that those who do use tobacco will benefit from growing it. I believe that growing your own will provide you with additive-free and pesticide-free tobacco. I do encourage those who already use tobacco to try growing their own as this will help in harm reduction.

Tobacco taxes are extremely high, and are not earmarked to provide health-services to tobacco users as they should be, unfairly exploiting tobacco users. I call on all governments to earmark tobacco tax revenues solely for the medical care of tobacco-related health problems.

HARM REDUCTION: An interesting and overlooked idea, that was originated by health workers seeking harm reduction from tobacco use, is the strategy of producing high-nicotine tobacco, the opposite of commercial low-nicotine cigarettes. Low nicotine cigarettes tend to cause the smoker to smoke more. The theory here is that high-nicotine tobacco will enable the smoker to deliver a dose of nicotine that will satisfy the addiction with just a puff or two, reducing the amount of tar, carbon monoxide, benzene, smoke particulates, and other toxic, carcinogenic, and harmful components of cigarette smoke, in the same way that the nicotine "patch" reduces harm by avoiding damaging the lungs with tobacco smoke. Theoretically, dampened tobacco leaves placed on the skin could also deliver nicotine into the addicted person's system—there are cases where tobacco smugglers have gotten nicotine poisoning by carrying tobacco next to the skin.

Some pharmacologists have stated that research should be done to produce semi-synthetic analogues of the nicotine molecule that produce nicotine-like effects, but with lowered toxicity, as a harm-reduction strategy.

ABOUT NICOTINE:
Believe it or not, it has many beneficial medicinal properties, increasing IQ and physical performance, anti-Alzheimer's, anti-schizophrenia, helps the transfer of information from short-term into long-term memory, etc. I have a friend who takes 100 mg a day sublingually - he's an organic chemist so makes an extract which is used traditionally in Columbia, and is buffered. Apparently pure nicotine is not carcinogenic, and is only mildly habit-forming, not like tobacco which is extremely addictive, partly because of the additives. I used to be very anti-tobacco (have friends and relatives who died of smoking-induced lung cancer), until I read Tobacco Among the Karuk Indians of California, by Harrington, which really opened my eyes about the plant. Later I read some of Johannes Wilbert's work on tobacco and shamanism - amazing stuff!

Interesting overview of nicotine:
http://www.gwern.net/Nicotine

And here is statistician Ronald Fisher's (a brilliant, yet peculiar fellow with many odd beliefs) 1958 paper proposing (somewhat tongue-in-cheek) that it is possible that lung cancer causes smoking:
http://www.york.ac.uk/depts/maths/histstat/fisher274.pdf
Definitely an interesting read!

"You might like to know that tobacco grows very well outdoors in Alaska, reaching 6 feet tall and flowering even in cold wet summers. I just start the plants early, like tomatoes."—V. Robeson, 11/98.

"Tobacco grows very well here in the high desert. Black Mammoth plants were huge at 7 feet, with 34" leaves. Perique also did well. N. rustica self-sowed. Temperatures of 100°F plus, humidity near 10%, UV index of 10. We are at 4100 feet elevation."—D. Cook, Lone Pine, California, 3/13.

Tobacco packets contain about 1200 to 2200 seed, and they run about 10,000 to 20,000 seeds per gram.

Up until a few years ago, tobacco was an allotment crop in 48 states—you needed Agriculture Department permission to grow more than 1/10 acre. Now you don't need permission, and you can grow as much as you like!

Burley types are planted at 6 - 7000 per acre (about 2 1/2 feet apart), the Havanas at 12,000 per acre (about 2 feet apart). For home use space 2 - 4 feet apart. A large plant can yield up to 5 oz. Curing isn't difficult, and good results can be obtained at home. Tobacco prohibition is coming, so learn to grow your own additive-free and tax-free supply.

For learning how to grow and cure tobacco for home use, we recommend the two inexpensive pamphlets we sell in our book section—see below for link. Home growers should try a couple of varieties to see what produces well for you and gives a type of tobacco that you like. Just like tomatoes, you need to try a few to find what you like! Also, different curing will affect the type of tobacco you end up with, so this is something to experiment with. Don't give up if you don't get what you like the first try—like cooking, it takes practice to find the right "recipe" that gives a tobacco suited to your personal taste.
Ripe tobacco leaf: Click for photo » Ripe Tobacco Leaf.jpg (34607 bytes)

Curing recipe from W.D. Fuller, Louisiana: Take mature, dried brown tobacco leaves and re-moisten so that they are quite soft. Seal in a plastic bag and leave in a closed car in the sun where it gets hot. Check the leaves twice a day—when the bag smells of ammonia when opened, they are done—remove from the bag and re-dry till all the ammonia is gone. When fully dry they can be remoistened to the state you like for smoking. The development of ammonia helps release the nicotine from where it is bound up in the leaf, and this recipe can actually change bad-tasting tobacco into excellent quality material.

Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV) is not carried in the seed—growing tobacco will not introduce this virus into your garden. It is carried by many plants, but not tobacco seed. TMV does not kill the plant, but reduces yield, and does not make the tobacco unfit for use.

Varieties susceptible to Black Shank should be grown in rotation with other crops.

There are very few sources for unpatented tobacco seed left, and these are all unpatented varieties.

Two other companies distributing heirloom tobacco seeds:
New Hope Seed Company: http://www.newhopeseed.com/tobacco/index.htm
Victory Seed Company: http://www.victoryseeds.com/tobacco/index.html
Please support small, independent tobacco seed suppliers, and help keep these varieties going.

For more detailed information on tobacco cultivation and curing:
Kentucky and Tennessee Tobacco Production Guide: http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/id/id160/id160.pdf
Virginia Cooperative Extension Tobacco Crop Guides: http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/category/crops.html

SEE BOOK SECTION FOR TOBACCO BOOKS.

STANDARD BURLEY VARIETIES:

—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Burley KY 14'. (1000) NICO-36K14. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
A stand up variety (which keeps the leaves cleaner) with a large number of leaves producing a good yield of high quality tobacco.
Disease resistance levels:
Fusarium Wilt - Medium
Tobacco Mosaic - High resistance.
Black Root Rot - Medium resistance.
Wildfire - High resistance.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Burley KY-17'. (1000) NICO-36K17. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00, 25 grams: $75.00
A standard Kentucky Burley with high quality, good yield, and multiple disease resistance. Certified Kentucky-grown seed.
Disease resistance levels:
Black Shank Race 0 - Medium resistance.
Black Shank Race 1 - Medium resistance.
Black Root Rot - High resistance.
Fusarium Wilt - Medium-low resistance.
Tobacco Mosaic - High resistance.
Wildfire - High resistance.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Burley KY 907'. (1000) NICO-36K90. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
This burley tobacco has a high yield potential.
Disease resistance levels:
Black shank - Low resistance.
Tobacco vein mottling virus - High resistance.
Fusarium Wilt - Medium resistance.
Tobacco etch virus - Medium-high resistance.
Tobacco Mosaic - High resistance.
Black Root Rot - High resistance.
Wildfire - High resistance.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Burley TN 86'. (1000) NICO-36T86. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
A good burley variety with multiple disease resistance, high quality and good yield. All Black Shank Varieties should be used in a rotation if possible.
Disease resistance levels:
Black Shank Race 0 - Medium resistance.
Black Shank Race 1 - Medium resistance.
Black Root Rot - High resistance.
Tobacco Mosaic - Susceptible.
Wildfire - High resistance.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Burley TN-90'. (1000) NICO-36T90. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00, 25 grams: $75.00
A standard Tennessee Burley with high quality, good yield, and multiple disease resistance. Certified Kentucky-grown seed.
Disease resistance levels:
Black Shank Race 0 - Medium resistance.
Black Shank Race 1 - Medium resistance.
Black Root Rot - High resistance.
Tobacco Mosaic - High resistance.
Wildfire - High resistance.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Burley VA 509'. (1000) NICO-36VB. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
Medium-early maturing stand-up burley that produces high quality and good yield. Stand-up varieties hold their leaves higher off the ground, keeping them cleaner. Certified Kentucky-grown seed.
Disease resistance levels:
Black Shank Race 0 - Medium resistance.
Black Shank Race 1 - Medium resistance.
Black Root Rot - Medium low resistance.
Fusarium Wilt - Low resistance.
Wildfire - High resistance.

RARE PERIQUE TOBACCO
This is the rarest commercial tobacco in North America, and one of the most highly-prized.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Perique'. (1000) NICO-36PQ. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50, 5 grams: $30.00, 10 grams: $45.00
Click for photos » Nicotiana Tabacum Perique 4.jpg (91463 bytes) Nicotiana Tabacum Perique 3.jpg (97805 bytes) Nicotiana Tabacum Perique Flowers 2.jpg (108888 bytes)
'PERIQUE'. The famous and extremely rare Louisiana tobacco. Originally grown by the Indians and fermented and pressed in hollow logs, this is a very potent tobacco. Usually used mixed with milder types. Now grown by only a few families, the leaves are prepared by prolonged pressing and fermenting, into an almost black tobacco which commands high prices. My favorite! Germinates in 2 weeks warm.

DARK TOBACCO VARIETIES:
NEW—Nicotiana Tabacum 'DT508'. (1000) NICO-36D5. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 gm: $20.00, 10 gm: $35.00
A good high-yielding variety (3200 lb/acre). Usually flue-cured.
Disease resistance levels:
Black Root Rot - High resistance.
Tobacco Mosaic - High resistance.
Wildfire - High resistance.
Fusarium Wilt - Medium resistance.
Black Shank Race 0 - Medium resistance.
Black Shank Race 1 - Medium resistance.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Green Wood'. (1000) NICO-36GW. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
A nice traditional variety that holds itself up well and gives a good yield of high-quality dark tobacco that cures a brown color. Good for chewing or smoking. Certified Kentucky-grown seed.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'KY 171'. (1000) NICO-36K71. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
A high-yielding variety giving high quality dark tobacco.
Disease resistance levels:
Black Root Rot - High resistance.
Fusarium Wilt - Medium resistance.
Tobacco Mosaic - High resistance.
Wildfire - High resistance.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Little Crittenden'. (1000) NICO-36LC. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
A good old-fashioned dark tobacco that holds itself up well, so that the leaves stay cleaner. Good yield and cures well. Makes a good chewing tobacco, as well as for smoking. Certified Kentucky-grown seed.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Little Wood'. (1000) NICO-36LW. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
An old-fashioned dark tobacco with a shorter leaf than other types, producing good yields of good quality tobacco. Certified Kentucky-grown seed.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Improved Madole'. (1000) NICO-36IM. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
Preferred by many growers for producing well and giving a high-quality dark tobacco leaf. Certified Kentucky-grown seed.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Narrow Leaf Madole'. (1000) NICO-36NM. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
An old narrow-leaf variety which cures well and produces a good yield of high quality dark tobacco. Used for cigars and chewing. Certified Kentucky-grown seed.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Small Stalk Black Mammoth'. (a!,h) NICO-36BM. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
Gives a good weight of fine dark tobacco, and holds itself up well so that the leaves stay cleaner. Certified Kentucky-grown seed. "It is in great demand by some growers because it will produce either a wrapper or a snuff tobacco when allowed to get ripe."—Newton. "We've got leaves 3 1/2 feet long on this! Awesome!"—Bertrand, 8/96.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'TND 950'. (1000) NICO-36T95. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
A dark variety similar to DF300, it has a smaller leaf than some dark varieties. All Black Shank varieties should be grown in rotation if possible.
Disease resistance levels:
Black Shank Race 0 - Medium resistance.
Black Shank Race 1 - Medium resistance.
Black Root Rot - High resistance.
Wildfire - High resistance.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Tom Ross Madole'. (1000) NICO-36TR. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
Gives a good yield of high quality dark tobacco which cures well. Preferred by many growers. Certified Kentucky-grown seed. "This tobacco out-performed about 8 varieties in my location 30 miles south of Tulsa, Oklahoma."—Bill Breckinridge, 2/97.

HAVANA TOBACCO VARIETIES:
These old Cuban varieties have been grown in the U.S. for decades, producing well even in northern states. In days past, a great deal of Havana tobacco was grown in Wisconsin. The Havanas are smaller plants than the burley types, and are highly valued because of the fine flavor—Cuban cigars are renowned throughout the world! The seed is getting scarce.
NOTE TO REGULATORS: The Havana tobacco seed we distribute here was grown in the United States, not illegally imported from Cuba. The starter seed was also grown in the U.S.—as noted above, the Havana varieties were grown and maintained in Wisconsin, by the Northern Wisconsin Cooperative Tobacco Pool, from which we originally obtained our starter seed.
NEW—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Havana 142'. (1000) NICO-36H1. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $9.00, 5 grams: $36.00
Double-pack because of 50% germination.
An excellent Havana tobacco, giving a quick harvest (about 65 days). Good for chew and cigars. Good in the North. Seed originally grown in Wisconsin.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Havana 608'. (1000) NICO-36H6. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » Nicotiana Tabacum Havana 608 35.jpg (88615 bytes)
Gram: $9.00, 5 grams: $36.00
The best Havana for home use. Fast maturing in 65 days. High yield. Good for cigars and chew. Good in the North.

ONE-SUCKER TOBACCO VARIETIES:
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'OS400'. (1000) NICO-36S4. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 gm: $20.00, 10 gm: $35.00
A high quality one-sucker variety with good yield. Good disease resistance.

VIRGINIA TOBACCO VARIETIES:
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Virginia Brown Leaf'. (1000) NICO-36BL. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
An old variety that originated in Kentucky, and much grown by Virginia growers. Has large leaves of medium body, producing a dark tobacco. Fair resistance to Black Root Rot.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Virginia Lizard Tail Orinoco'. (1000) NICO-36LT. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
Another old variety much grown in Virginia. The medium-sized leaves are closely spaced on the stalk and have a heavy body. Produces a fine dark tobacco.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Virginia Lizard Tail Orinoco X Turtle Foot Cross'. (1000) NICO-36TF. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
Originated from a cross between Lizard Tail Orinoco and Turtle Foot, producing a dark tobacco of good quality. Produces more weight than most varieties.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Virginia Shirey'. (1000) NICO-36S. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
Pronounced "Shirley", this is a favorite of many growers, producing a high quality dark tobacco.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Virginia VA-309'. (1000) NICO-36V3. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
A good selection with high quality and good yields. Certified Kentucky-grown seed.
Disease resistance levels:
Black Shank Race 0 - Medium resistance.
Black Shank Race 1 - Medium resistance.
Black Root Rot - Medium resistance.
—Nicotiana Tabacum 'Walker's Broadleaf'. (1000) NICO-36WB. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $20.00, 10 grams: $35.00
An old Virginia variety, long grown. Medium-sized wide leaves that are spaced closely on the stalk.

NIGELLA (ni-JELL-la)
RANUNCULACEAE. Showy, easily grown hardy annuals. White, blue or yellow flowers followed by interesting inflated pods. The leaves are delicate and finely divided. Sow from March onwards outdoors in a sunny place, and they will give much bloom for little care. In warm areas you can sow in fall. Makes good cut flowers and the dried pods are ornamental. Succession sowing extends bloom. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks.
—Nigella sativa. (1000) NIG-22. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $ 5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
'NUTMEG FLOWER', 'BLACK CUMIN', 'ROMAN CORIANDER'. White or blue 1 1/2" flowers followed by odd inflated pods. Branched annual to about 12", with divided leaves. E. Mediterranean. The aromatic seeds are used as seasoning in the Mediterranean, Middle East and India. Commonly used in curries, on bread and cakes. Called 'Four-Spice' in France, it is described as having a lemon-carrot scent. Also medicinal, and placed among clothes to repel insects. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.

NOLANA (no-LA-na)
NOLANACEAE. The only genus in this interesting family between the Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae. Little trailing, free-blooming half hardy perennials grown as annuals. From the west coast of Chile and the Atacama desert. Good in poor rocky soils and coastal gardens, or in the border and full sun. Excellent in pots and hanging baskets. Easy from seed which germinates in 1 - 4 weeks.
—Nolana humifusa 'Little Bells'. (50) NOLA-12L. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $7.50
Little bell-shaped light blue flowers with purple veins in the throat, abundantly produced on a creeping half-hardy perennial to 8". Peru. Good in hanging baskets. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.

NOTHOCHELONE (NO-tho-kee-LO-nee)
SCROPHULARIACAE. A single species.
NEW—Nothochelone nemorosa. (250) NOTH-4. Packet: $2.50
'WOODLAND TURTLEHEAD'. Penstemon-like 1 1/2" rosy purple flowers borne profusely in June to September. Half-hardy perennial to 2 - 3 feet, with dark green glossy 5" leaves. Pacific NW. Zone 7. Stands more shade and moisture than penstemons. Try prechill or GA-3.

NOTOCACTUS (no-to-KAK-tus)
CACTACEAE. South American ball cacti. GA-3 helps.
—Notocactus purpureus. (25) NOTO-19. Packet: $2.50
Pinkish-purple 1 1/2" flowers on a dark green round cactus to 5" wide, with white woolly areoles and 3/4" spines. Brazil. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks, and GA-3 helps.

NYMPHAEA (nim-FAY-a)
NYMPHAEACEAE. 'WATER LILY'. Showy aquatics with floating leaves and beautiful flowers. Easily grown in ponds, small pools, and even tubs. Sow seed on the surface of rich soil and submerge pot so water stands 1/4 - 1/2" over the soil. Grass-like seedlings emerge in 1 - 2 months, developing broad leaves later. As seedlings grow, increase depth until 2 - 3 feet deep. Full sun best.
If you read up on Nymphaea germination on the internet, you will find a number of claims that the seed must be very fresh and undried, or it will not germinate. Untrue! The seedlings in the photos below were grown from seed received dry and stored with desiccant for two months, and the seed stays viable for several years of dry storage.
—Nymphaea caerulea. (100) NYMP-10. Packet: $3.00
Gram: $7.50, 5 grams: $20.00
Click for photo of seedlings» Nymphaea caerulea Seedlings.jpg (105708 bytes)
'SACRED EGYPTIAN BLUE LOTUS'. Pale blue 6" flowers held above the water. Large round floating leaves. North and central Africa. This is the sacred lotus of the ancient Egyptians, important in their cosmology, and used by them as a sedative. Germinates in about 1 - 2 months.


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