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2017 SEEDLIST - Cn - Cz

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Match term(s) in J.L. Hudson Search Index:

POLEMONIACEAE. Rampant vining shrubs grown for their large, bell-shaped violet or white flowers. Easily grown outdoors as annuals, or in the greenhouse. Rich, moist, well-drained soil in full sun or light shade. Plant seed edgewise indoors in 4" pots, or outdoors when soil is warm. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks and flowers in 12 weeks. Viable 4 years or more.
—Cobaea scandens. (10) COBA-2. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $9.00, 25 grams: $16.00
'CATHEDRAL BELLS', 'CUP AND SAUCER VINE'. Large, bell-shaped purple 2" long flowers open green, then darken, from June to October. Fast growing vine to 25 feet, with dark green leaves. México. Zone 9. An old-fashioned garden favorite.
—Cobaea scandens 'Alba'. (10) COBA-2A. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $12.00, 25 grams: $20.00
'WHITE CATHEDRAL BELLS', 'WHITE CUP AND SAUCER VINE'. Large, bell-shaped 2" long creamy white flowers, from June to October. Fast growing vine to 25 feet, with dark green leaves. México. A rare form of this old-fashioned garden favorite.

COCCINIA (kok-SIN-ee-a)
CUCURBITACEAE. Tropical African and Asian vines grown for ornament or food. Attractive and easy.
—Coccinia megarrhiza. (10) COCI-14. Packet: $2.50
Light orange flowers followed by attractive oblong 3 1/2" green fruits striped and spotted white and dark green. Vine with palmate leaves and violet stems and tendrils. Forms a large caudex under ground. East Africa. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.

CODONOPSIS (co-do-NOP-sis)
CAMPANULACEAE. East Asian often twining perennials grown for their attractive bell-shaped flowers. Some need winter protection in the North. Best in well-drained soil; grow like Campanula.
—Codonopsis pilosula. (50) COD-20. Packet: $2.50
'TANG SHEN'. Large pale blue to greenish inch long bell-shaped flowers flushed purple at the base. Hardy perennial twiner to 6 feet, with 1 1/2" leaves. NE Asia. The thick roots are an important 'Qi tonic' in Chinese medicine, placed in the same class as ginseng, astragalus, and eleuthero. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.

"The state calls its own violence law; but that of the individual crime."
—Max Stirner.

COIX (KO-ix or KOY)
GRAMINEAE. Tall ornamental tropical grasses grown for their bead-like seeds. Easily grown in rich sandy, well-drained soil, in full sun or light shade. Start very early in pots, as it needs a long season. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks. Seed viable 5 years or more.
—Coix Lacryma-Jobi. (10) COIX-1. Packet: $2.50 VIABLE SEED FOR PLANTING
Ounce: $7.50
'JOB'S TEARS'. To 3 - 6 feet, with reed-like 1 1/2" wide leaves, bearing unusual, teardrop-shaped, bead-like seeds ranging from pearly white to shiny grey. Tropical Asia. Tender perennial grown as an annual. Plant out May 1st in Zone 5. Cut stems for dried arrangements before seeds fall. The seeds are widely used as beads in rosaries, etc., to which marvelous properties are attributed. They are edible and are ground for bread and made into beer.
JOB'S TEARS FOR BEADS - NOT VIABLE: Ounce: $3.00, 1/4 Pound: $10.00 (about 170 seeds per ounce) Specify "BEAD SEEDS" on your order.
Click for photo » Coix Lachryma-Jobi Seed.jpg (54079 bytes)

COLCHICUM autumnale: See Reserved Access page.

COLLINSIA (ko-LIN-see-a)
SCROPHULARIACEAE. Showy and free-flowering hardy annuals, mostly from California and western North America. Easily grown and much used in borders, bedding and for edging. Will bloom mid-summer till frost with succession sowings. Best in well-drained soil and they stand part shade. Sow seed in spring or fall, 1/4" deep, to germinate in about 14 days. They make long-lasting cut flowers.
—Collinsia heterophylla. (=bicolor) (1000) COLL-3. Packet: $1.50
Ounce: $6.00, 1/4 Pound: $14.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - Packets are available
'CHINESE HOUSES', 'INNOCENCE'. Large, inch-long flowers in stacked whorls, resembling a pagoda in form, with a white upper lip, and a rosy purple lower lip. Hardy annual to 1 - 2 feet, with slender stems. California. Sow thinly in groups. Best in part shade Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks at cool temperatures.

CONOPHYTUM (kon-o-FEE-tum)
AIZOACEAE. South African succulents.
—Conophytum calculus. (25) CONP-12. Packet: $2.50
Info and photos: http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantcd/conophytumcalcal.htm
Pebble-like grey-green bodies forming clusters to 6" across. Deep yellow clove-scented flowers. South Africa. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks, GA-3 helps.

NEW —Conophytum pillansii. (25) CONP-34. Packet: $2.50

Round light green 3/4" bodies in clusters, topped with inch-wide purple flowers. South Africa. Germinates in 2 - 3 weeks.

"The means are the end."
—U. K. LeGuin.

CONVOLVULUS (kon-VOLV-you-lus)
CONVOLVULACEAE. 'GLORY BIND'. Showy twining vines or upright herbs grown for their funnel-shaped morning-glory-like flowers. Easily grown in most soils and full sun with little care. Free flowering and good for covering fences or allowed to clamber among shrubs, the bushy types in the flower and rock garden. Some are excellent in hanging baskets. Vigorous growers, only a few are invasive or weedy. Soak seed till swollen, nick if needed. Sow in early spring 1/4" deep, to germinate in about 5 - 14 days at 60 - 65°F. The hardy perennials may be sown in September for early flowers. Many are medicinal. Seed has grown well up to 26 years old.
Convolvulus tricolor Varieties:
'DWARF MORNING GLORY'. Beautiful and floriferous hardy annual in various colors. Upright and bushy, forming a mound about a foot tall and 2 feet wide, with the showy 1 1/2" wide flowers borne in profusion above the narrow leaves. Good in hanging baskets. Blooms continuously all summer. S. Europe. Cultivated since 1629. "A splendid plant for the border."—Booth. Soak seed, nick unswollen ones. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks at warm temperatures.
—Convolvulus tricolor 'Blue Flash'. (250) CONV-22B. Packet: $2.00
25 grams: $7.50, 100 grams: $14.00
Light or deep blue flowers with white center and yellow eye. Dwarf compact plants to 6" or so. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.
NEW—Convolvulus tricolor 'Royal Ensign'. (50) CONV-22R. Packet: $2.50
25 grams: $9.00, 100 grams: $22.00
Click for photo » Convolvulus tricolor Royal Ensign.jpg (40155 bytes) Convolvulus tricolor Royal Ensign2.jpg (89036 bytes)
Deep ultramarine blue with a golden center. To 16". Deepest blue of all and closest to the wild type.
—Convolvulus tricolor 'White Ensign'. (250) CONV-22W. Packet: $2.00
25 grams: $7.50, 100 grams: $9.00
Pure white with yellow center. Hardy annual to 16". Very floriferous.

CORALLOCARPUS (ko-ra-lo-KAR-pus)
CUCURBITACEAE. Tuberous tropical perennials.
—Corallocarpus welwitschii. (10) CORA-26. Packet: $2.50
'!OAQUA!A'I' (Namibian name). Caudex-forming monoecious vine to 6 feet, with pale yellow flowers followed by small red fruits. Ashy grey to green leaves. Southern Africa. Prized by caudex collectors. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.

TILIACEAE. Tropical herbs, sometimes shrubby, long grown for food and fiber. Needs warm moist soil; treat like eggplant. Sow in spring for crop in 3 months. They are major crops throughout the tropics. Seed viable 5 to 10 years.
—Corchorus olitorius. (100) CORCH-18. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $7.50
'TOSSA JUTE', 'MELUKHIE'. Annual to 6 feet with large pointed 2 - 6" leaves and yellow 1/2" flowers. India. Widely cultivated for fiber and food. The young shoots and leaves are an ancient vegetable, eaten by the Egyptians, mentioned by Pliny, and are now widely eaten in the Middle East, India, Africa, and the Americas. The leaves are an excellent potherb, can be eaten as a salad when young, and can be dried for winter use in soups, etc. Germinates in a week or two.

CORDYLINE (kor-dee-LEE-nay)
AGAVACEAE. Evergreen shrubs and trees much like Yucca, with heads of sword-like leaves and sprays of small flowers. Easy in warm climates.
—Cordyline australis 'Purpurea'. (25) CORD-4P. Packet: $2.50
'GRASS PALM'. Large heads of sword-like 3 foot leaves of a deep plum color. Tree to 20 - 40 feet, with large panicles of small fragrant flowers followed by small berries. New Zealand. Zone 8. Seedlings vary in depth of color. Germinates in 2 - 8 weeks or so.

COREOPSIS (ko-ree-OP-sis)
COMPOSITAE. Hardy North American annuals and perennials grown for their showy flowers. The annuals were formerly classed as Calliopsis. Beautiful in the border, rock garden and for bedding. They make a fine display in any garden soil in sun. Tolerates smog and poor soil. Makes good cut flowers. Sow outdoors from early spring to fall, on the surface to 1/4" deep, to germinate in 1 - 4 weeks, depending on temperature. Succession sowings from March to June will provide continuous bloom. Often self-sows. Seed viable 3 - 8 years or more.
—Coreopsis tinctoria 'Dwarf Red'. (1000) CORE-6DR. Packet: $2.00
Ounce: $6.00, 1/4 Pound: $18.00
'DWARF RED PLAINS COREPSIS'. Bright red flowers on dwarf plants. Hardy annual. Good in meadows and for naturalizing. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
—Coreopsis tinctoria Tall. (1000) CORE-6T. Packet: $1.50
Ounce: $6.00, 1/4 Pound: $15.00
'TALL PLAINS COREOPSIS'. Vivid single yellow flowers with wine-red centers. Hardy annual to 3 feet. SW U.S. Excellent for naturalizing along roadsides, in meadows, etc. Stands poor dry soil and part shade, blooming abundantly in summer and fall, reseeding readily. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks warm.

CORIANDRUM (ko-ree-AN-drum)
UMBELLIFERAE. Easily grown aromatic annuals grown in the herb garden for their flavorful leaves and seeds. Sow where they are to grow, 1/4" deep, to germinate in 1 - 2 weeks. Sow in fall in the South, early spring in the North. Seed viable 6 - 8 years.
—Coriandrum sativum. (100) CORI-5. Packet: $2.00
Ounce: $5.00, 1/4 Pound: $9.00
'CORIANDER', 'CILANTRO'. Annual herb to 1 - 3 feet, with divided leaves and small white or pinkish flowers in umbels, followed by clusters of round aromatic seed. S. Europe. Cultivated since ancient times, the seeds have been found in Egyptian tombs, and they are mentioned by Pliny, Cato, Palladius and Hippocrates. The young leaves are picked at any time for use in salads, soups, etc. They are very popular in Latin America and China. The ripe seed are used for flavoring breads and cakes, liqueurs, curries, etc. Little clusters coated with sugar were a favorite treat of children. In China they were believed to confer immortality. Harvest the seed clusters when they begin to turn brown. Their flavor improves with age. The roots are powdered for seasoning by Southwest Indians.
—Coriandrum sativum 'Long Standing'. (100) CORI-5LS. Packet: $2.00
Ounce: $5.00, 1/4 Pound: $9.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - Packets are available
'CILANTRO CORIANDER'. This variety is slow to bolt, making it the best for leaf production. Gives a longer season of harvest of the spicy leaves, which are used in Latin American and Asian dishes.

CORIARIA (ko-ree-AR-ee-a)
CORIARIACEAE. The only genus. Ornamental shrubs and perennials with arching branches and showy red, black or yellow fruits, some of which are edible, and others poisonous. Easy in California and the South, some hardy to Massachusetts with protection. Prefers sun.
NEW—Coriaria ruscifolia var. microphylla BK08524.16. (25) CORA-21. Packet: $5.00
Shrub to 3 - 6 feet, with arching branches of tiny leaves. Red stems and tiny purple berries. From 11,000 feet, above Cusco Peru. Zone 9. Nitrogen fixer. Berries said to produce a sensation of flying. Germinates in 2 weeks or so.

CORNACEAE. Well-known ornamental shrubs and small trees with handsome foliage, flowers, and fruits. They include some of our most striking native trees, often with brilliant fall color. Good in both sun and shade, easy in almost any soil. The name 'dogwood' is said to come from the use of a bark tea to wash mangy dogs in old England, though children enjoy being told 'its because of their bark'. Sow in fall; often germinates the second spring. Or try giving 60 days warm, then 60 -120 days cold, or nick seed then give cold. Summer sowing often works, for germination the next spring. Seed viable 2 - 4 years, but is best fresh.
—Cornus mas. (20) CORS-24. Packet: $2.50
Ounce: $8.00

Seed stored refrigerated.
'CORNELIAN CHERRY'. Inch-long red edible fruits with a fine flavor. Small tree to 20 feet, with glossy leaves, blooming in spring before the foliage. Eastern Europe. Zone 5. Produces abundant fruit, eaten raw or made into preserves. Sow in spring or summer for germination the next spring. This seed is from varieties selected for fruit production.

CORYDALIS (ko-RID-a-lis or ko-ree-DAL-is)
PAPAVERACEAE (formerly FUMARIACEAE). Easily grown mostly hardy perennials (some annuals), freely blooming in poor soil and full sun or part shade. Some slow to germinate and best sown in fall, the annuals best sown in spring or fall.
—Corydalis nobilis. (10) CORY-19. Packet: $3.00
Gram: $14.00
Click for photo » Corydalis nobilis.jpg (105599 bytes)

Dense 1 1/2" balls of yellow 3/4" flowers with brown tips, on 18" stems in spring. Hardy perennial with ferny, much-divided medium-green 18" leaves. Siberia. Zone 5. Goes dormant midsummer. "Singular and outstanding. It's everything the name implies. Germination is long-term. Sow it in a pot outdoors and it will germinate the first or second spring. But it is worth every effort to possess one."—Bertrand.
—Corydalis sempervirens. (50) CORY-27. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » CorydalisSempervirens.jpg (40984 bytes)
'ROCK HARLEQUIN', 'ROMAN WORMWOOD' (Note: This is not the true Roman Wormwood, which is Artemisia pontica). Pink to purple 3/4" yellow-tipped, short-spurred flowers in spikes. Attractive annual or biennial to 2 feet. Space 9". E. U.S. Zone 5. About 1/3 germinate readily in 2 - 4 weeks without pre-treatment, the rest are dormant and need cold. Gives high germination in 3 - 4 weeks with GA-3. Seed several years old germinates readily.

CORYPHANTHA (kor-ee-FAN-tha)
CACTACEAE. Knobby North American cacti.
—Coryphantha macromeris. (25) CORP-28. Packet: $2.50
'DOÑA ANA'. Showy deep pink to red 3" flowers in summer. Clustering knobby grey-green cactus with inch-long tubercles tipped with long spines. New Mexico to Texas and México. Zone 6 or 7. Used medicinally in México. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks, and GA-3 helps.
—Coryphantha vivipara. (=Escobaria vivipara) (25) CORP-46. Packet: $2.50
'BEEHIVE CACTUS', 'SHOWY PINCUSHION'. Pink to purple 2" flowers in spring. Clustering grey-green cactus to 6", with 1/2" tubercles tipped with spines. Canada to México. Zone 3. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.

COMPOSITAE. 'MEXICAN ASTER'. Showy, easily grown annuals and perennials planted for their graceful, feathery foliage and abundant mid-summer to fall bloom. Best in poor dry soil, as rich soil will give abundant growth, but little bloom. Sow outdoors after danger of frost or for early bloom, sow indoors 6 weeks earlier. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks. Good cut flowers if picked when first opened. Seed viable 6 years or more. Old garden favorites.
Cosmos bipinnatus Varieties:
Showy annual to 2 - 10 feet, with feathery foliage and large daisy-like 2 - 6" wide flowers in shades of red, rose, white and pink. Cultivated since 1799. México. The 'Sensation' strain are about 4 feet tall, early blooming, with large, single 4 - 6" flowers.
—Cosmos 'Candy Stripe'. (50) COS-1CS. Packet: $2.00
Ounce: $5.00, 1/4 Pound: $15.00
Click for photos » Cosmos Candy Stripe 2.jpg (94900 bytes) Cosmos Candy Stripe 3.jpg (108906 bytes) Cosmos Candy Stripe.jpg (73873 bytes)
White, rose and red flowers with petals edged and striped darker. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
—Cosmos bipinnatus 'Daydream'. (250) COS-1DY. Packet: $2.00
Ounce: $5.00, 1/4 Pound: $15.00
Click for photos » Cosmos Daydream 2.jpg (70002 bytes) Cosmos Daydream 12.jpg (84155 bytes) Cosmos Daydream 13.jpg (75003 bytes)
Pale pink flowers shading to deeper rose at the center. Good for cutting. Hardy annual to 3 - 5 feet.
—Cosmos bipinnatus 'Gloria'. (500) COS-1GL. Packet: $2.00
Ounce: $5.00, 1/4 Pound: $15.00
Click for photos » Cosmos Gloria17.jpg (48173 bytes) Cosmos Gloria18.jpg (87024 bytes) Cosmos Gloria25.jpg (63271 bytes)
Rosy pink flowers with deep red center. Hardy annual to 3 - 5 feet. Good for cutting.
—Cosmos bipinnatus 'Picotee'. (500) COS-1PC. Packet: $2.00
Ounce: $5.00, 1/4 Pound: $15.00
White flowers with petals edged red, ranging to pure red. Nice. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
—Cosmos 'Sea Shells Mixture'. (100) COS-1SS. Packet: $2.00
Ounce: $5.00, 1/4 Pound: $15.00
Striking flowers with each petal (ray-flower) tubular, resembling a foxglove flower. Shades of white, pink and red. Unusual. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
—Cosmos 'Sensation Dwarf Mix'. (500) COS-1DX. Packet: $2.50
Ounce: $7.50, 1/4 Pound: $22.50
Pink, red, and white flowers on a dwarf annual to 2 - 3 feet.
—Cosmos 'Sensation Purity'. (100) COS-1W. Packet: $2.00 OUT OF STOCK
Ounce: $6.00, 1/4 Pound: $15.00 OUT OF STOCK
A wonderful, large-flowered snowy white.
—Cosmos 'Sensation Radiance'. (100) COS-1R. Packet: $2.00
Ounce: $6.00, 1/4 Pound: $15.00
Deep rose with a crimson zone.
Cosmos sulphureus Varieties:
Showy annual to 1 - 7 feet, resembling C. bipinnatus, but in yellow, orange and red shades. Large, 2 - 3" wide, long-stemmed flowers on bushy plants. México. The 'Klondyke' strain has large, early, semi-double blooms, and is about 1 - 3 feet tall.
—Cosmos sulphureus 'Bright Lights'. (50) COS-3B. Packet: $2.00
Ounce: $6.00, 1/4 Pound: $15.00
Bright mixture of yellow and orange shades, developed for cut-flowers. Hardy annual to 2 feet.

"Either we are alone in the universe, or we are not. Either way, it's a mighty sobering thought."
—Walt Kelley.

CRUCIFERAE. Herbs or sub-shrubs with large succulent leaves, grown for ornament or as vegetables. Small white fragrant flowers. Easily grown, preferring heavy soil and thriving in exposed situations.
NEW—Crambe maritima. (10) CRAM-18. Packet: $3.00
'SEA KALE'. Large, chalky blue-green, wavy, fleshy, long-stalked 6 - 12" leaves, and large panicles of tiny white flowers in May to July. Hardy perennial to 3 feet, from the sea-coasts of Europe. Zone 5. The flowers are honey-scented, and the young stems are blanched and eaten as a delicacy. For best germination remove husk and prechill 4 weeks to germinate in 1 - 2 weeks. Crambe germination photos.

UMBELLIFERAE. 'SAMPHIRE'. A single species.
NEW—Crithmum maritimum. (100) CRIT-4. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $10.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - Packets are available

'SAMPHIRE', 'SEA FENNEL'. Perennial to 1 - 2 feet, with fleshy divided leaves and white or yellowish flowers. Seacoasts of Europe, but thrives in sunny places. This warm, aromatic, spicy medieval herb is used in salads, with meat, as a potherb, and the leaves were salted, boiled, and covered with vinegar and spice as a pickle. Culpepper & Gerard believed that its regular consumption would prevent digestive disturbances. Its habitat on sea cliffs prompted Shakespeare to write: "Half way down hangs one that gathers Samphire; dreadful trade!" King Lear. Prechill 6 - 8 weeks to germinate in 1 - 2 weeks.

"You've got to read between the lies."

CROCOSMIA (kro-KOS-mee-a)
IRIDACEAE. Showy Freesia-like plants grown in mild climates. Tough and attractive.
—Crocosmia paniculata Orange-Red. (45) CROCO-9H. Packet: $2.50
Bright orange-red 3/4" flowers in varying shades, in curved spikes, July to October. Cormous perennial to 2 feet, with sword-shaped leaves. S. Africa. Hardy to about Zone 6. Germinates in 2 - 3 weeks.

CRYPTOMERIA (krip-to-MER-ee-a)
TAXODIACEAE. A single species.
—Cryptomeria japonica. (250) CRYM-4. Packet: $2.50
Ounce: $15.00

'JAPANESE CEDAR', 'SUGI'. Fast-growing evergreen tree to 150 feet, with 1/2 - 1" needles and small brown cones. Japan, where it is the national tree. Much grown for timber and as a street tree. Zone 7. Germinates (30%) in 2 - 4 weeks at cool to warm temperatures, and a prechill may help.

CRYPTOTAENIA (krip-to-TAY -nee-a)
UMBELLIFERAE. Attractive annuals and perennials grown for food, flavoring, and ornament. Easy.
—Cryptotaenia japonica atropurpurea. (10) CRYPT-13A. Packet: $3.00
'PURPLE MITSUBA'. Deep bronze-red foliage on a hardy perennial to 16", with tiny white flowers. Japan. Zone 4. The aromatic young leaves are eaten raw in salads, or cooked in many dishes. The roots and seeds are also eaten.

CUCUMIS (KOO-kum-is)
CUCURBITACEAE. Large annual and perennial vines grown for the edible or interesting fruits. Includes the cucumber and melon. Warm, rich, moist soil.
Taxonomy of the Genus Cucumis:
—Cucumis aculeatus 'Large Spine'. (20) CUCU-2. Packet: $2.50
Vine with light green fruits with large 1/2" spines. Africa. Fruits poisonous, and the plant is used as an anti-fungal. Germinates in a week or so, and GA-3 helps.
—Cucumis carolinus. (60) CUCU-6. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » Cucumis sp. Sudan.jpg (37299 bytes)

Odd monoecious vine from Sudan, with large tuberous roots, and showy, prickly fruits. Aged seed germinates in 2 - 4 weeks, fresh seed needs GA-3.
—Cucumis heptadactylus. (20) CUCU-12. Packet: $3.00

Maroon oblong 1 - 2" fruits with short spines. Rare dioecious perennial vine from a woody caudex. Peculiar 7-lobed leaves with very long, narrow lobes. S. Africa, where the Kalahari bushmen use the root as an arrow poison. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.
—Cucumis insignis. (25) CUCU-13. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo »
Egg-sized fruits with long fleshy spines. Tropical perennial vine with stems to 8 feet, with grey-green, lobed 3" leaves and forked tendrils. Southern Ethiopia. Germinates in 2 - 3 weeks.
—Cucumis zambianus. (50) CUCU-28. Packet: $3.00
Rare species with large green and yellow striped fruits. Discovered in 1984 in the northwestern corner of Zambia, where cultivated by indigenous farmers (for what purpose, I don't know!). Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
—Cucumis zeyheri. (50) . CUCU-32. Packet: $2.50
Info and photos link
Perennial trailer from a woody caudex, with 3 - 5-lobed leaves and yellow flowers followed by oval green fruits with soft spines, ripening to yellow. South Africa. The fruits of some plants are very bitter, others are non-bitter and eaten. Germinates in 1 - 6 weeks.

CUCURBITA (koo-KUR-bi-ta)
CUCURBITACEAE. Large annual and perennial vines with large leaves, flowers and fruits. An important genus, grown for the edible, useful and ornamental fruits, the edible and medicinal seeds, edible and ornamental flowers, and edible young leaves and shoots. Easily grown, various species adapted to a variety of environments. The beauty of their large flowers is often unappreciated. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
All of the C. Pepo gourds can be eaten as long as they have no trace of bitterness.
—Cucurbita andreana. (=Cucurbita maxima ssp. andreana). (30) CUCB-4. Packet: $2.50
Wild ancestor of C. maxima pumpkins and squash. Annual vine with small 5" green striped bitter fruits. Argentina. Useful in cucurbit breeding, and anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory compounds have been found in the plant. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
—Cucurbita ecuadorensis. (10) CUCB-7. Packet: $2.50
Picture: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cucurbita_ecuadorensis_%28Cutler_%26_Whitaker%29_mature_fruit.jpg
'ALAMAMA'. Rare Ecuadorian endemic, discovered in 1965. Vine with large lobed leaves and round, striped 6" fruits ripening yellow. Considered a vulnerable species of conservation concern. It may have been domesticated 10,000 years ago for the edible seeds. Resistant to many cucurbit diseases and used in breeding. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.

CUMINUM (KOO-min-um)
UMBELLIFERAE. A single species. Sow seed where they are to grow in April or May, after danger of frost, to germinate in about 1 - 2 weeks. They grow quickly and ripen seed in July and August. Space 1 - 2 feet apart. Easy. Seed viable 3 years.
—Cuminum Cyminum. (500) CUMI-5. Packet: $2.00
Ounce: $5.00, 1/4 Pound: $12.00
'CUMIN', 'COMINO'. Half hardy annual to 6 - 12", with finely divided dark green leaves and tiny white or reddish flowers followed by aromatic seeds. Upper Nile. Cut stems when seeds begin to dry. An ancient spice, it was grown by the Egyptians and mentioned by Pliny, Hippocrates, and Dioscorides. The hot, spicy, aromatic seeds were used medicinally and are popular for flavoring breads, cheeses, soups, chutneys, curries, liqueurs and Spanish and Méxican dishes. Ground in wine, Pliny claimed them the best appetizer. Common in Normandy in 716 CE, and in England in 1264. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.

CUNNINGHAMIA (kun-ing-HAM-ee-a)
TAXODIACEAE. Two species of evergreen conifers.
—Cunninghamia lanceolata. (100) CUNN-2. Packet: $2.50
Ounce: $9.00

'CHINA FIR', 'CHINESE CEDAR'. Evergreen tree to 30 - 150 feet, with light green 2 1/2" needles and brown 1 - 2" cones. Central and southern China. Zone 7. Germinates readily in 2 - 4 weeks.

CUPRESSACEAE. Handsome evergreen trees and shrubs with scale-like leaves and round woody cones. Native to warm-temperate N. Hemisphere. For mild climates. The durable wood was used for Egyptian mummy caskets, and the doors of St. Peter's in Rome, made of cypress wood, have lasted 1200 years. Varies in percentage of filled seed, but is viable 20 years. Germinates in 2 - 8 weeks or so.
—Cupressus cashmeriana. (=darjeelingensis) (100) CUPR-4. Packet: $2.50
Ounce: $8.00
'KASHMIR CYPRESS'. Striking tree with weeping branchlets of a conspicuous vivid blue-grey color. Fast growing small tree with 1/2" cones. Kashmir, Tibet. Good in California and mild climates. Zone 9. "One of the most graceful and beautiful of all conifers."—Hilliers. Germinates in 1 - 2 months warm, no prechill needed.
—Cupressus torulosa. (750) CUPR-34. Packet: $2.50
Ounce: $7.50, 1/4 Pound: $15.00
'BHUTAN CYPRESS'. Large evergreen of great beauty to 60 - 150 feet. Drooping branchlets and dark green foliage. W. Himalayas to 10,000 feet. The wood is very durable and resistant to insects. Gives good germination in 2 - 4 weeks warm.

CUCURBITACEAE. Quick growing annual and perennial tendril-climbing vines grown for ornament and the edible or exploding fruits. They range from Kansas to South America. Start seed early indoors, as the tropical species need a long growing season.
NEW—Cyclanthera pedata var. edulis. (10) CYCN-19E. Packet: $5.00
Click for photo » Cyclanthera edulis Gatard.JPG (15387 bytes)
A giant form with fruits to 8" long.
'ACCOCHA'. South American vegetable grown for the small edible cucumber-like fruits. Quick-growing vine to 10 feet, with narrow leaves. Spindle-shaped fruits range from 3 - 6" long, and are eaten raw or cooked like cucumbers when young. When mature, remove seeds and cook or bake with stuffing, when it is said to have an artichoke-like flavor. Also pickled. Andean favorite. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.

CYMBALARIA (sim-ba-LAR-ee-a)
SCROPHULARIACEAE. Trailing European perennials with spurred Linaria-like flowers, grown as groundcover in moist part shade, or cascading down rock walls. Good in hanging baskets. Easy from seed.
—Cymbalaria muralis. (500) CYMB-3. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $15.00
'KENILWORTH IVY', 'WANDERING SAILOR'. Lilac-blue 1/2" flowers with yellowish centers, held above the dainty, round, 5 - 7-lobed leaves. Slender trailing perennial. S. Europe, widely naturalized. Zone 3. Once pollinated, the flowers turn away from the light to ripen their seed in crevices. Eaten as salad greens in Europe, and is slightly pungent, like cress. Seed needs light, surface sow. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.

"Roads betook themselves into the forest, like great serpents devouring as they went. And one day behold! the forest was gone."
—L. H. Bailey.

CYPELLA (SEE-pel-a or KEE-pel-a)
IRIDACEAE. Long-blooming Iris-like plants from México and South America. Best in light sandy soil. Grow like Gladiolus, lift bulbs in fall.
NEW—Cypella peruviana BK08525.5. (20) CYPL-34. Packet: $4.00
Fragrant bright yellow 2" flowers with red-brown mottling in the center, and with a fruity scent. Pleated leaves. Peru, outside Aguas Caliente, at 7500 feet. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks warm.

CYPERUS (SI-per-us)
CYPERACEAE. 'GALINGALE', 'FLAT-SEDGE'. A huge genus of sedges, 600 or more species, ranging from the tropics to temperate regions. Many are highly ornamental, as pot plants grown indoors for their tropical effect, or outdoors in ponds, bog gardens, and moist places. Some species produce tubers, many are nut-like and edible, others are fragrant and used in perfumery, and in the Amazon Basin exist many species with highly valued medicinal tubers. One species produced the first paper, papyrus in ancient Egypt. Most are easy from seed, giving high germination within a month.
—Cyperus esculentus var. sativus. (50 tubers) CYPE-14. Packet: $2.50
Tubers: 1/4 Pound: $6.00, Pound: $12.00
'CHUFA', 'EARTH ALMOND', 'TIGER-NUTS'. Ornamental perennial to 8" - 3 feet. Worldwide. Zone 8. Sow tubers in spring in moist places, harvest in October or November. Cultivated for thousands of years for the sweet, nutritious, nutty tubers. They are eaten raw, ground with water for a drink, in porridge, toasted, dried, or roasted and ground as a coffee or chocolate substitute. They become sweeter and more agreeable when dried, They contain 12 - 20% sucrose, 25 - 30% starch, and 27 - 29% of a sweet oil which can be pressed and used in fine cooking. They are greatly esteemed in Europe, China and Africa, and have been found in Egyptian tombs dating to 2400 BCE. The Zulu chew them to relieve indigestion and bad breath. Excellent in swampy waste areas for pig forage. This is a distinct cultivar, and does not become weedy at all, and as such is NOT regulated by weed laws . This is because it is sterile, and does not produce seed, is not freeze-hardy (Zone 8), and also does not produce runners—the tubers are held right below the plant. The weedy form is hardy to Zone 2. Soak tubers until swollen, to germinate in 1 - 4 weeks or so.

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