L. HUDSON, SEEDSMAN,
BOX 337, LA
2016 SEEDLIST - Pe - Ph
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PENSTEMON (PEN-ste-mon or pen-STE-mon)
SCROPHULARIACEAE. 'BEARD-TONGUE'. Popular perennials and shrublets grown for their showy spring and summer tubular blooms. Many are Western U.S. natives and are good, drought-resistant landscaping material. Best in well-drained soil and full sun. Don't over-water. Excellent in rockeries or pots. Many easy from seed. Germinates in 1 - 6 weeks and up, most of the perennials within 2 months, some species up to 4 months. Sow early, January to April depending on time needed, as cool temperatures are best. Seed long lived, with half-life of 4 - 8 years. Many fine ornamentals in this genus.
Many of the more difficult species are best germinated with 250ppm GA-3, then 8 weeks cold (up to 12 - 16 weeks cold for real tough ones). More than 250ppm will give too much etiolation (stretching). They often germinate at cold temperatures, and light helps some species.
—Penstemon barbatus 'Rondo'. (50) PENS-18R. Packet: $2.50
Inch-long flowers in a bright mix of red, pink, and violet shades, blooming around the stem, June to September. Dwarf hardy perennial to 16", with narrow leaves. Zone 3. Very nice. Germinates in 2 - 8 weeks.
—Penstemon Digitalis 'Husker's Red'. (25) PENS-52R. Packet: $3.00
1/4 gram: $9.00, Gram: $25.00
An improved selection from Husker's Red, with showy white flowers with a pink tinge, June to August, and bold brownish-red foliage. Hardy perennial to 3 feet. Zone 3. "I'd given up on Red Husker in our area, as the plants of all other selections that I'd tried were spindly, with flowers that weren't worth the trouble of having the plant, and most plants couldn't survive our climate."—H.M., Maryland. Give GA-3 to germinate in 3 - 4 weeks.
—Penstemon Eatonii. (100) PENS-57. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $7.50
'FIRECRACKER PENSTEMON'. Large scarlet 1 1/4" tubular flowers. Perennial to 3 feet, with narrow 4" leaves. SW deserts. Zone 4. Does well in hot desert regions. Germinates best at cold temperatures (40°F) in about 2 - 8 weeks, but often germinates at warm temperatures.
—Penstemon strictus. (100) PENS-152. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $7.50
'ROCKY MOUNTAIN PENSTEMON'. Purple to deep blue inch-long flowers in dense spikes in summer. Hardy perennial to 1 - 3 feet. Rocky Mountains. Zone 3. Drought resistant, thriving in gravelly soil. Good hummingbird plant and erosion control. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks warm, and GA-3 helps.
—Penstemon superbus. (100) PENS-168. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » Flowering plant
Spikes of brilliant scarlet 1 1/2" flowers on a tall perennial to 6 feet, with 6" blue-green leaves. New Mexico and N. México. Zone 5 - 7. Stunning. Attracts hummingbirds. Give good drainage. Give GA-3 to germinate in 1 - 3 weeks.
"One need only act, without fear of punishment and without hope of reward; act from the center of one's soul."—U. K. LeGuin.
PIPERACEAE. Over a thousand species of tropicals, often succulent, many with a wide variety of medicinal uses. Good houseplants, most standing low light.
NEW—Peperomia pellucida, (25) PEPE-64. Packet: $4.00
'SHINY BUSH', 'LINGUA de SAPO'. Shiny heart-shaped leaves and yellow flower spikes. Annual succulent to 15". Pantropical. Zone 10. The aromatic leaves are eaten in stir-fry and salads in Asia, and have a wide variety of medicinal uses—a panacea. Germinates in 1 - 8 weeks.
NEW—Peperomia peruviana BK10423.2. (25) PEPE-68. Packet: $4.00
'PUKU PUKU'. Inch-wide circular leaves from small potato-like tubers. Yellow flower spikes. Peru, 10,000 feet. Balsam-scented leaves are chewed for oral hygiene. A Quechua name, 'inti-killa papa' means 'sun-moon potato'. Zone 8. Germinates in 4 - 8 weeks.
LEGUMINOSAE. 'PRAIRIE-CLOVER'. North American perennial herbs or sub-shrubs with spikes of white, pink or violet flowers, with long slender-clawed petals. Very attractive bushy plants with finely cut pinnate foliage, giving a constant succession of showy bloom. Good in the border, rock garden or wild garden. Should be grown more.
—Petalostemon purpureum. (1500) PETA-19. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.50, 1/4 lb: $18.00
'PURPLE PRAIRIE CLOVER', 'THIMBLEWEED'. Rose-purple flowers in dense 2" spikes. Hardy perennial to 3 feet, with very narrow leaves. Dry prairies of the Plains States. Zone 3. The leaves were used as tea, roots chewed by Indians. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
SOLANACEAE. The most popular annual bedding plant in the world. Showy and night-fragrant, they bloom all summer and into autumn, and winter bloom in 6" pots can be had from seed sown in July or cuttings taken before frost. Best in full sun and light, well-drained soil. Best sown on the surface, indoors, 10 - 12 weeks before last frost. Germinates in about 2 - 3 weeks at 60°F. Seed half-life 4 - 6 years. The smallest seedlings often produce the best colors. Space 12 - 18" apart. "There is hardly any other flower that will give as much bloom, with as little care, as will the Petunia."—Harry E. Saier.
NEW—Petunia hybrida Dwarf Mixed. (1000) PET-5DX. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $10.00
Small flowered dwarf open pollinated mix.
—Petunia integrifolia. (=violacea) (500) PET-22. Packet: $2.50
1/2 Oz: $9.00
'WILD PETUNIA'. Rosy-purple inch-wide flowers with dark throats. Annual to 8" high and spreading to 18" across. Argentina. Germinates in 1 week and blooms in 90 days. The original petunia, parent with P. axillaris, of modern petunias. This is where it all started! Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.
HYDROPHYLLACEAE. Showy Western Hemisphere annuals and perennials with pinnately-divided leaves and curved spikes of flowers. Best in full sun, giving a profusion of bloom. Good bee plants. May cause rash in some.
—Phacelia campanularia. (1000) PHAC-2. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00, 1/4 lb: $18.00
'DESERT or 'CALIFORNIA BLUEBELLS'. Brilliant royal blue, bell-shaped, inch-wide flowers, produced abundantly 2 months from seed. Hardy annual to 6 - 9", good for carpeting or edging. Stems and leaf-edges are red, and are fragrant when bruised. California deserts. Best in poor, dry, sandy soil. Makes a nice pot plant. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks at cool temperatures.
—Phacelia tanacetifolia. (1000) PHAC-150. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00, 1/4 lb: $12.00, lb: $32.00
'BEE FOOD', 'FIDDLENECK'. Fragrant, clover-scented blue to lavender 1/2" flowers in dense curved spikes in summer. Profusely blooming hardy annual to 1 1/2 - 3 feet, with finely cut ferny leaves. California to México. Excellent honey plant, good in heavy soil. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks at cool temperatures.
PHALARIS (fa-LAR-is or FAL-ar-is)
GRAMINEAE. Ornamental annual and perennial grasses; about 15 species of the North Hemisphere. Robust, hardy plants, grown for birdseed, forage, erosion control, wildlife food, and ornament.
—Phalaris aquatica. (=tuberosa) (100) PHAL-3. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $7.50, 25 grams: $20.00
Click for photo »
'HARDING GRASS'. Half-hardy perennial bunch grass to 4 - 6 feet, with dense 2 - 6" spikes. Mediterranean; naturalized in California and Australia. Zone 8. Excellent erosion control, good wildlife food and cover, highly ornamental and stands considerable hard frost and dry hillsides. Fire resistant. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks, light plus KNO3 helps.
—Phalaris arundinacea. (1000) PHAL-4. Packet: $2.00
1/4 lb: $15.00
'REED CANARY GRASS', 'BRIDES' LACES'. Tall perennial to 2 - 6 feet, with 8" spikes. North America and Eurasia. Zone 3. A valuable ornamental for wet swampy ground, and along the edges of ponds and streams. One of our finest native grasses, which is being exterminated in many areas by anti-exotics fanatics who falsely claim it is an 'alien species'! Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks.
ARACEAE. Popular tropical American aroids, most vines or shrubs. Grown in the greenhouse or as long-lived house plants. Probably 500 species. Easy.
—Philodendron Selloum. (=Philodendron bipinnatifidum). (100) PHILO-76. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $12.00 (900 seed)
Huge, deeply-divided 3 foot dark green leaves on an upright shrub to 6 feet. S. Brazil. Juvenile leaves arrowhead-shaped, not divided. Stands some frost, probably down to 20°F, Zone 9. "The hardiest big-leafed Philodendron used outdoors."—Sunset. Easy from seed which germinates in 2 - 8 weeks.
LABIATAE. Vigorous perennials with whorled, yellow, purple or white flowers and often woolly foliage. The tall kinds are good in the back border and wild garden. Most stand drought and poor soil, full sun and dry slopes suit them well. Easy, old-fashioned garden plants. Germinates in 2 - 6 weeks.
—Phlomis Russeliana. (25) PHLO-21. Packet: $3.00
5 grams: $20.00
Yellow, curved 1 1/2" flowers in stacked whorls, May to September. Hardy perennial to 3 - 4 feet, with attractive 8" pointed leaves. Turkey. Zone 7. The basal rosettes make an attractive spreading groundcover. Dried seedstalks nice in arrangements. Bee plant. Sun or part shade, stands drought. Give seed GA-3 to germinate in 1 - 4 weeks.
—Phlomis tuberosa. (25) PHLO-84. Packet: $3.00
Click for photos »
Violet 3/4" flowers in whorls in foot-long spikes, June to August. Hardy perennial to 3 - 6 feet, with large 10" leaves. Central Eurasia. Hardy to Zone 5 at least. The tuberous roots are eaten by the Kalmyks of central Asia. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks.
POLEMONIACEAE. Popular annuals, perennials, or shrubs of North America and East Asia. Easily grown in rich moist soil and full sun. Most are hardy. The annuals bloom well in pots. Divide perennials every few years to keep them blooming well.
—Phlox Drummondii 'Cecily Mix'. (250) PHLX-16C. Packet: $2.50
25 grams: $12.00
'ANNUAL PHLOX'. Single inch-wide flowers in a range of pastel colors, with dark eyes. Compact dwarf half-hardy annual to 8", making a nice show. Germinates in 1- 3 weeks.
PALMAE. About 17 species of palms ranging from tall trees to dwarf trunkless plants. Good tub plants in the North, or outdoors in California and the South. Seeds germinate in one to several months at very warm temperatures and are long lived.
—Phoenix Roebelinii. (25) PHOE-13. Packet: $2.50 OUT OF STOCK
100 seed: $6.00, 500 seed: $22.00 OUT OF STOCK
'PYGMY DATE PALM'. Tiny palm to about 6 feet, with small, 1 - 4 foot shining dark green fronds and tiny black fruit. Slow growing elegant pot plant, best in part to full shade or indoors. Laos. Zone 9. Germinates in about 8 - 12 weeks very warm.
AGAVACEAE. Bold New Zealand perennials for mild climates. Fast and easily grown and probably root-hardy to 0°F. Stands almost any soil, heat, salt spray, drought etc. Makes nice specimen plants.
—Phormium tenax 'New Hybrids'. (25) PHOR-4NH. Packet: $2.50
'RAINBOW NEW ZEALAND FLAX'. Bold sword-shaped leaves in shades of bronze, green, yellow, red, silver, and striped, each plant a different type. Tall perennial to 5 feet or so, with large spikes of tubular flowers. Zone 8.
SOLANACEAE. Widespread annual and perennial herbs grown for their flowers and ornamental or edible fruits, enclosed in a papery husk. Easily grown in a warm, sunny spot. Start indoors early.
—Physalis acutifolia. (100) PHYS-2. Packet: $2.50
'WRIGHT'S GROUNDCHERRY'. White to light yellow 3/4" flowers with yellow centers, followed by inch-long husk tomatoes. Annual to 1 foot, with 2" wavy-margined leaves. California to Texas. They were eaten by Indians, said to be tasty. Germinates in 1 - 12 weeks, best with KNO3, light, or GA-3 helps.
—Physalis Alkekengi. (=Physalis Franchetii). (100) PHYS-5. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $7.50 (about 650 seed per gram)
'CHINESE LANTERN PLANT', 'WINTER CHERRY', 'STRAWBERRY TOMATO', 'ALKEKENGI' (Arabic name). Brilliant orange to blood red inflated 2" calyces surrounding the red berries. Excellent in dried arrangements. Half hardy bushy perennial to 3 feet. Often grown as an annual. Asia. Zone 4. The berries are said to have a sweet acid flavor and have been eaten raw or cooked, and as a diuretic. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks, light or GA-3 helps.
—Physalis peruviana. (=Physalis edulis) (50) PHYS-64. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $12.00, 25 gm: $28.00
'GOLDENBERRY', 'POHA', 'TOPO TOPO', 'CAPE GOOSEBERRY'. Bright yellow marble-sized berries enclosed in a husk. Yellow bell-shaped flowers. Bushy tender perennial to 6 feet. Andes. Zone 8. The ripe fruit are delicious eaten raw in salads or made into jams or preserves, sauces, or dried like raisins. Easily grown, yielding 3 - 30 tons per hectare. Long season, best in poor soil and warm areas. Seed is viable 4 - 5 years and germinates in 2 - 4 weeks.
SOLANACEAE. Rare Asian perennials grown in the rock garden or medicinal garden.
—Physochlaina orientalis. (10) PHYSK-12. Packet: $2.50
Purple-blue trumpet-shaped 1/2" flowers in handsome clusters. Hardy perennial to 1 1/2 - 2 feet. Central Asia. Best in well-drained soils, in sun or part shade. Blooms early. Used medicinally in Asia much like henbane. Rare and choice. Germinates readily in 2 - 3 weeks at warm temperatures.
LABIATAE. 'FALSE DRAGONHEAD'. Ornamental hardy American perennials with spikes of showy flowers. Easily grown in sun or part shade and moist soil. Beautiful in the border or wild garden. Excellent for cut flowers, which remain in whatever position they are bent, hence the name 'Obedient Plant'. Sow from January to May, germinates in 1 - 4 weeks at warm temperatures, with some stragglers.
—Physostegia virginiana 'Rose Crown'. (25) PHOS-4R. Packet: $2.50
'ROSE OBEDIENT PLANT'. Large, rose, inch-long snapdragon-like flowers in dense 10" spikes in summer. Hardy perennial to 2 feet, with narrow leaves. E. U.S. Zone 4. Easily grown hardy florist material.
PHYTOLACCACEAE. About 25 species ranging from herbs to trees. Grown for ornament, food and medicine. Easily grown in most soils. Seed long-lived (40 years or more), and may germinate readily; some need cold treatment. An interesting and often bizarre genus, one species was alleged to generate a strong electric charge. The young shoots of several are eaten, though mature leaves and roots are poisonous. Previous recommendations of boiling in 2 waters were overcautious—P. americana has been grown as a commercial vegetable near Philadelphia for 200 years. As one fellow wrote—"Anyone who says you should boil poke should be required to boil their asparagus!" Sieve-tubes with P-type plastids.
—Phytolacca acinosa. (25) PHYO-2. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $7.50, 100 grams: $50.00
Click for photo »
'HIMALAYAN POKEBERRY'. Long racemes of white flowers followed by long columns of shining black berries. Hardy perennial to 3 - 5 feet, with large leaves up to 10" long which provide autumn color. Himalayas to 9,000 feet, through China and Japan. Zone 6. The young leaves, cooked well in several changes of water are eaten in India. The root is used medicinally, and in ancient China were used by sorcerers. Aged seed germinates in 2 - 6 weeks.
—Phytolacca americana. (100) PHYO-4. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo »
'POKE', 'SKOKE', 'POCAN', 'CANCER-ROOT'. Small white or purplish flowers in 6" spikes followed by attractive purple berries. Hardy perennial to 12 feet, with bold foliage and purplish stems. E. N. America. Zone 4. The young shoots to 6" tall are esteemed as a succulent vegetable. Root poisonous but a valuable medicine. Berries eaten by birds but toxic to people. Kills the snails that carry bilharzia. Give seed 3 months cold treatment to germinate in 1 - 2 weeks. GA-3 helps. Year-old seed germinates better.
I had excellent results self-treating for Lyme disease with Phytolacca americana root—this publication is to place this information in the public domain in order to prevent possible future patenting.