J. L. HUDSON, SEEDSMAN, BOX 337, LA HONDA, CALIFORNIA 94020-0337 USA
2015 SEEDLIST - Pi - Pz
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PINACEAE. Attractive N. Hemisphere, conifers with pendulous cones. Grown for ornament or timber. Most soils and zones, and easy from seed.
—Picea asperata. (25) PICA-3. Packet: $2.50
'DRAGON SPRUCE'. Blue-green 3/4" needles, young growth yellow, and pendulous 4" grey cones. Tree to 100 feet. West China. Zone 4. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.
NEW—Picea crassifolia. (500) PICA-8. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.50, 1/4 lb: $15.00
'QINGHAI SPRUCE'. Tree to 80 feet, with inch-long needles an 4" cones. Central China endemic. Zone 5. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks, no prechill.
—Picea koraiensis. (=Picea Koyamai) (100) PICA-24. Packet: $2.50
Grey-green or blue-green 1/2" needles. Tree to 80 feet, with brown 3" cones. East Asia, Japan. Zone 5 or 6. Germinates in 3 - 4 weeks.
—Picea likiangensis. (100) PICA-26. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $12.00
'LIJIANG SPRUCE'. Tree to 100 feet, with green to blue-green 1/2" needles. Grey scaly bark and 3" cones that may be reddish or purple when young. SW China and Tibet. Zone 7. "In April and May when loaded with its male flowers and brilliant red young cones it is spectacularly beautiful."—Hilliers. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks warm.
—Picea Wilsonii. (100) PICA-68. Packet: $2.50
'WILSON'S SPRUCE'. Glossy dark to grass-green 1/2"needles. Tree to 75 feet, with 2 1/2" cones and red-brown flaking bark. Western China. Zone 5. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks.
CACTACEAE. Night-blooming columnar cacti with prominent cephalia.
Photos of various species: http://www.columnar-cacti.org/pilosocereus/page3.html
—Pilosocereus azulensis. (25) PILO-4. Packet: $2.50
Endangerment info: http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/40888/0
Columnar cactus endemic to Pedra Azul, Brazil. Said to be critically endangered by habitat loss. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks, and GA-3 helps.
UMBELLIFERAE. Herbs with white or yellow flowers in umbels, and feathery leaves. Best sown directly to not-too-rich soil. Germinates in 1 - 6 weeks.
—Pimpinella Anisum. (1000) PIM-1. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00, 1/4 lb: $15.00
'ANISE'. White flowers. A dainty annual to 1 1/2 - 2 feet, with feathery bright green leaves. Greece to Egypt. Grown for the popular seeds used as a condiment for bread, pastries and cheese, to flavor liqueurs, and medicinally. Known to the ancient Greeks, it is mentioned by Dioscorides, Theophrastus, and Pliny. The leaves may be used in salads. Medicinally the seeds and oil are used as estrogenic agents to promote milk secretion, regulate and promote menstruation, ease birth, and allay symptoms of menopause. A number of synthetic estrogens were originally modeled after the estrogenic compounds found in the oil. Anise still has merit in that it is non-carcinogenic, has low toxicity, and is gentle in action. Not to mention you don't need a prescription, and it is low cost. See: 'Fennel and Anise as Estrogenic Agents'. Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1980) Vol. 2, pages 337 - 344.
PINUS (PEE-nus or PYE-nus)
PINACEAE. North Hemisphere evergreen conifers. The pines are popular and widely adapted. Valuable for timber, ornament, fuelwood, rosin, turpentine, and edible seeds. Best in well-drained soil.
NEW—Pinus aristata. (25) PINU-2. Packet: $2.50
'BRISTLECONE PINE'. Small tree to 10 - 50 feet with stark green 1 1/2" needles and 3 1/2" cones. SW U.S. Zone 3. Slow growing and long lived, up to 2000 years. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks, no prechill.
—Pinus Armandii. (10) PINU-3. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.00 (about 170 seed)
'CHINESE WHITE PINE', 'YU SUNG'. Large tree to 60 - 120 feet, with wide-spreading crown. Bright glossy green 4 - 7" needles in fives, and 6" cones. E. Asia. Zone 5. "A very ornamental species with its drooping glaucous leaves and decorative cones."—Hilliers. The nuts are eaten as a delicacy in China. Prechill 12 weeks to germinate in 4 - 8 weeks.
NEW—Pinus attenuata. (25) PINU-6. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $7.50, Oz: $22.00
Branch with cones: http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?enlarge=0000+0000+0602+0342
'KNOB-CONE PINE'. Small tree to 6 - 40, even 80 beet, with slender light green 3 - 7" needles and 6" cones. Oregon and California. Zone 6. Germinates in 2 - 5 weeks with no prechill.
NEW—Pinus Ayacahuite. (15) PINU-8. Packet: $3.00
'MEXICAN WHITE PINE', 'OCOTE BLANCO'. Tree to 100 feet, with bluish green 4 - 8" needles and 8 - 15" cones. Trunk to 5 feet thick. Mts. of México and Guatemala. Zone 7. Seeds eaten in México. Germinates in 3 - 6 weeks.
—Pinus Bungeana. (10) PINU-10. Packet: $2.50
'LACE-BARK PINE'. Bright green 3" needles in threes, and 2 1/2" yellow-brown cones. Picturesque spreading tree, often multi-trunked, to 75 feet or more. Striking whitish flaking bark. NW China. Tolerates heat and cold, to Zone 5, but may be bushy in severe climates. The pea-sized seed are edible. Germinates in 4 - 8 weeks.
—Pinus Cembra. (25) PINU-13. Packet: $2.50
'SWISS STONE PINE'. Round-headed tree to 30 - 75 feet, with dark green, twisted, 5" needles, and 3 1/2" cones. Europe to N. Asia. Slow growing. Hardy to –35°F. The large seeds are edible. Sow in fall, or give seed 3 - 9 months cold to germinate in 3 - 12 weeks. Tough and undemanding.
NEW—Pinus Cembra v. sibirica. (20) PINU-138. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.50, 1/4 lb: $20.00
Nice photos on a Czech site: http://botany.cz/cs/pinus-cembra-sibirica/
'SIBERIAN PINE'. Extremely hardy form of the stone pine, to Zone 1. Cones slightly larger. Seeds edible, containing up to 64% oil, pressed for cooking. Tea of the young needles is vitamin-rich. Give seed a prolonged prechill and hold pots several years.
—Pinus Coulteri. (25) PINU-17. Packet: $3.00
'BIG-CONE PINE', 'PITCH PINE'. Deep green needles in threes, up to 6 - 14" long. Large 10 - 14" cones with large edible seeds. Much eaten by the Indians. Tree to 40 - 80 feet, with dark, almost black bark. Moderately fast growth. S. Calif. Hardy to Zone 7. Good in desert areas, stands heat and drought. Germinates in 6 - 16 weeks warm.
—Pinus densiflora. (50) PINU-19. Packet: $2.50
'JAPANESE RED PINE'. Broad-crowned tree to 70 - 120 feet, with bright bluish-green 3 - 5" needles and tawny 2" cones. Japan. Fast growing, often multi-trunked tree, hardy to –20°F. Dislikes hot, dry climates. Used as flavoring in Korea. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks, and 3 weeks prechill may help.
NEW—Pinus devoniana. (20) P1NU-18. Packet: $3.00 OUT OF STOCK
'MICHOACAN PINE', 'PINO PRIETO'. Tall tree to over 100 feet, with 1 3/4" needles and 6 - 12" cones. México to Guatemala. Zone 9. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks, may be improved by a 2 week prechill.
—Pinus edulis. (25) PINU-20. Packet: $2.50
'PINYON PINE'. Dense, dark green inch-long needles in pairs. Slow growing shrub or round topped tree to 10 - 20 feet, with 2" cones. Southernmost Wyoming to Arizona. Hardy to Massachusetts (Zone 5). The large, oily, protein-rich piñons are an important food for Indians, and are second only to the pecan as a commercial wild nut. Bears in 25 years. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks. Soaking or cold may help.
—Pinus hwangshanensis. (100) PINUS-27. Packet: $2.50
Tree to 80 feet, resembling Thunbergii, with paired, 2 - 3" green needles and 2" cones. Eastern China. Hardy to at least Zone 7. Germinates in 2 - 6 weeks warm.
—Pinus koraiensis. (10) PINU-31. Packet: $2.50
'KOREAN PINE'. Round-headed tree to 90 - 150 feet. with dark green 4" needles and 6" cones. SE Siberia to Japan. Zone 3. Hardy and slow growing. Edible seeds and pollen, and the needles used as flavoring. Give 8 - 12 weeks cold to germinate in 1 - 6 weeks.
NEW—Pinus Lambertiana. (15) PINU-32. Packet: $2.50
'SUGAR PINE'. The tallest pine, to 220 feet, with 2 - 4" needles and 8 - 24" long cones, the largest in the genus. Oregon to Baja. Zone 7. The large seeds are eaten, and it exudes a sweet sap. Give 2 - 3 month prechill 10 germinate in a month.
NEW—Pinus lawsonii. (30) PINU-33. Packet: $3.00
Info and photos: http://www.conifers.org/pi/Pinus_lawsonii.php
'LAWSON'S PINE', 'OCOTE'. To 80 feet, with 5 - 10" blue-green needles and 3" cones. S. México. Zone 10. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks warm.
NEW—Pinus leiophylla. (50) PINU-34. Packet: $2.50
'CHIHUAHUAN PINE', 'OCOTE CHINO'. To 100 feet, with 4 - 6" grey-green needles and 3" cones. Arizona to México. Zone 7. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks.
NEW—Pinus Montezumae. (25) PINU-42. Packet: $2.50
'MONTEZUMA PINE', 'OCOTE MACHO'. To 100 feet, with attractive drooping 4 - 18" needles and 3 - 10" cones. México to Guatemala. Zone 9. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks warm.
NEW—Pinus monticola. (75) PINU-43. Packet: $2.50
'WESTERN WHITE PINE'. To 200 feet, with 4" bluish-green needles and 5 - 10" cones. W. N. America. Zone 3. Valuable timber tree. Germinates best with 1 - 4 months prechill, but some germinate at warm.
—Pinus Mugo Mughus. (25) PINU-44. Packet: $3.00
'DWARF SWISS MOUNTAIN PINE'. Low shrub to 4 feet, with crowded 2" needles and 2" cones. Alps. Zone 3. Very ornamental. Produces Hungarian terebinth. Germinates in 2 - 24 weeks warm.
NEW—Pinus palustris. (15) PINU-52. Packet: $3.00
'LONG-LEAF PINE', 'PITCH PINE'. To 100 feet, with dark green needles to 18" long on young trees, 9" on mature trees. Cones to 10". SE U.S. Zone 7 or 8. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks warm.
—Pinus patula. (100) PINU-55. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.50 (about 3450 seed), 1/4 lb: $22.50
'OCOTE MACHO', 'MEXICAN WEEPING PINE'. Foot-long grass-green drooping needles. Fast growing tree to 40 - 80 feet, with 4 - 5 " cones. México. Zone 8, to about 15°F. One of the fastest growing pines in the world. "An elegant species with gracefully drooping foliage."—Hilliers. Germinates in 2 - 6 weeks warm, a prechill helps some lots.
—Pinus Pinea. (10) PINU-62. Packet: $2.50
1/4 lb: $12.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - Packets are available
'ITALIAN STONE PINE', 'UMBRELLA PINE'. Round-topped tree to 40 - 80 feet, with stiff, bright to grey green 8" needles, and 4" cones. Mediterranean. Cultivated for the large, sweet, edible nuts. Considered sacred to Poseidon by the ancient Greeks. Zone 8. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks warm.
—Pinus pumila. (=cembra var. pumila) (10) PINU-64. Packet: $2.50
'DWARF JAPANESE STONE PINE'. Dwarf, often prostrate shrub to 1 - 10 feet, with 3" needles and 1 3/4" cones. Mts. of E. Siberia and Japan. Seeds edible. Zone 4. Prechill 4 - 5 months, to germinate in 4 weeks.
NEW—Pinus pungens. (10) PINU-63. Packet: $3.00
'TABLE MOUNTAIN PINE'. To 50 feet, with dark green 2 1/2" needles and 3 1/2" cones. New Jersey to Georgia. Zone 6. Germinates in 2 - 3 weeks warm.
—Pinus radiata. (25) PINU-68. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.50, 1/4 lb: $20.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK - Packets are available
'MONTEREY PINE'. Fast growing tree to 50 - 150 feet, with bright green 3 - 7" needles and 7" cones. Native to only 4 stands in coastal California, but naturalized elsewhere, a fine example of preservation through dissemination. The fastest-growing pine, up to 6 feet a year when young, and 50 feet in 12 years. Zone 7 - 10. Widely planted for timber, best in cool coastal climates. Germinates in 2 - 7 weeks warm.
—Pinus Roxburghii. (=longifolia) (25) PINU-72. Packet: $2.50
Oz: 5.00, 1/4 lb: $15.00
'CHIR' or 'EMODI PINE'. Beautiful Himalayan pine to 80 feet, with long, drooping, light green 12" needles and 7" cones. Zone 6. The seeds are eaten in India. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks with no prechill needed.
—Pinus Sabiniana. (10) PINU-73. Packet: $3.00
Oz: $7.50, 1/4 lb: $20.00
'FOOTHILL PINE', (formerly 'DIGGER PINE'). Fast-growing pine to 50 feet, with grey-green 8 - 12" needles and 10" cones. California foothills. Zone 8. Often has a forked trunk in the wild. Stands drought and heat, yet thrives in Seattle. Give seed 8 -12 weeks prechill to germinate in 4 weeks. The large seeds were an important food of California Indians, who were known by the derogatory slur "Diggers" or "Digger Indians", so polite folks now call it "Foothill Pine". Historical note: The "Diggers" (originally The True Levelers) were also a group of agrarian anarchists in England begun in 1649 by Gerrard Winstanley, who advocated for individual freedom and equality in small agrarian communities cultivating common land. The movement was crushed by 1651. They were emulated by a group of anarchists in San Francisco (also called Diggers) in the 1960s, who gave away food, had a 'free store' in which you took what you needed, and left items you no longer used. So the term "Digger" may be an insult to one man, or a compliment to another!
"I took my spade and went and broke the ground upon George-hill in Surrey, thereby declaring freedome to the Creation, and that the earth must be set free from the intanglements of Lords and Landlords, and that it shall become a common Treasury to all."—Winstanley, founder of the Diggers, 1649.
NEW—Pinus serotina. (50) PINU-74. Packet: $2.50
'POND PINE'. To 90 feet, with light green 8" needles and round 3" cones. Wet areas, SE U.S. Zone 8. Germinates in 2 - 3 weeks warm.
NEW—Pinus tabulaeformis. (50) PINU-77. Packet: $2.50
Photo of needles and cones: http://www.plantphoto.cn/tu.aspx?id=28060
'CHINESE RED PINE'. To 80 feet, with 4-6" needles and 3" cones. Northern China. Zone 4 or 5. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks warm.
NEW—Pinus taiwanensis. (50) PINU-79. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $14.00
'TAIWAN PINE'. To 100 feet or more, with 4 1/2" needles and 2" cones. Endemic to the mountains of Taiwan. Zone 8. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks.
NEW—Pinus tecunumanii. (50) PINU-80. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $14.00
'PINABETE', 'PINO OCOTE'. To 180 feet, with 6 - 11" needles and long-stalked 2 - 4" cones. SE México. Zone 8. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks warm.
NEW—Pinus Teocote. (50) PINU-81. Packet: $3.00
'TEOCOTE', means 'pine of the gods' and only Aztec nobles were allowed to burn it for incense. To 100 feet, with 4 - 7" needles and 2 - 3" cones. Mts. of México. Zone 8. Nice red-orange bark when young. Produces a medicinal turpentine. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks, helped by a few weeks prechill.
—Pinus Thunbergii. (10) PINU-82. Packet: $2.50
'JAPANESE BLACK PINE'. Fast growing, broad-crowned tree to 130 feet, with stiff, bright green 4 1/2" needles and 3" cones. Japan. Zone 4. One of the best evergreens for the seaside, and excellent bonsai material. Prechill 4 - 8 weeks, to germinate in 2 - 4 weeks.
—Pinus Torreyana. (10) PINU-97. Packet: $3.00
'TORREY PINE'. Small round-headed tree to 60 feet, often gnarled in the wild. Stiff dark green 8 - 12" needles and round 6" cones. Rare endemic, only a few thousand trees occur in a small spot on the San Diego coast and on Santa Rosa Island. Large edible seeds. Zone 7. Germinates in 4 - 6 weeks and a 4 week prechill often helps.
—Pinus Wallichiana. (50) PINU-107. Packet: $2.50
Oz: 5.00, 1/4 lb: $15.00
'BHUTAN PINE', 'BLUE PINE'. Tall conical tree to 150 feet, with drooping 8" blue-green needles in 5s. Long, cylindrical 6 - 12" cones. Himalayas. Zone 6. Give seed 2 - 12 weeks prechill.
NEW—Pinus yunnanensis. (100) PINU-116. Packet: $2.50
Photo of young purple cones: http://www.plantphoto.cn/tu/514326
'YUNNAN PINE'. To 100 feet or more, with beautiful drooping 6 - 12" needles and 2 - 4" cones. SW China. Zone 8. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks. Nice!
LEGUMINOSAE. Ornamental broad-headed tropical and subtropical trees with puff-like flowers and pinnate leaves. Easily grown in warm regions. Nick seed to germinate in 2 - 4 weeks.
—Pithecellobium flexicaule. (10) PITH-9. Packet: $2.50
1/4 lb: $18.00
Seed has been treated with Sevin, then washed.
'TEXAS EBONY' Fragrant yellow or creamy puff-like flowers in 1 1/2" spikes in summer, followed by large pods. Shrub or small tree to 20 - 50 feet, with dark green shining pinnate leaves. Texas to Baja and Yucatan. Zone 9. Valuable ornamental, much planted in warm regions. The rich reddish brown wood is tinged purple, with bright yellow sapwood. It is hard, heavy and valuable. The green seeds are eaten boiled, and roasted as a coffee substitute.
CAMPANULACEAE. 'BALLOON FLOWER'. A single species. A showy hardy perennial thriving in well drained sandy loam. Easy from seed; blooms the second year. The flower buds are inflated and balloon-like before they open. Allow stems to die back in fall. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks at warm temperatures. Do not cover seed. The young leaves are used in salads in Japan. Native to eastern Asia.
—Platycodon grandiflorus 'Apoyama Fairy Snow'. (25) PLTY-1AF. Packet: $2.50
Large white flowers with blue veins. Dwarf to 10". A choice variety! Zone 4. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
—Platycodon grandiflorus 'Florist Blue'. (100) PLTY-1B. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50, 5 grams: $22.00
'BLUE BALLOON FLOWER' Large blue 3" flowers. Showy perennial to 2 feet. Zone 4. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.
—Platycodon grandiflorus 'Fuji Pink'. (100) PLTY-1FP. Packet: $2.50
'FLORIST PINK'. Large pink 3" flowers. Showy perennial to 20". Zone 3. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
LABIATAE. Tropical Asian herbs for fragrance.
—Pogostemon cablin. (300) POGO-6. Packet: $3.00
1/4 gram: $18.00, Gram: $50.00
'TRUE PATCHOULI'. Tropical shrublet to 2 - 3 feet with very fragrant mauve flowers in 1 - 3" spikes, and 2 - 4" leaves. East Indies. Zone 9b or 10. The main source of patchouli oil. Used for fragrance, medicinally, and seasoning. Smells like a VW bus full of hippies. Best in warm places with part shade. Germinates in 1 - 6 weeks.
Info and photos link: http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/53931/
—Pogostemon heyneanus. (200) POGO-11. Packet: $3.00
1/4 gram: $12.00, Gram: $35.00
'INDIAN PATCHOULI'. Small purple flowers in spikes on a shrubby tropical perennial to 5 - 6 feet, with highly fragrant leaves. Tropical Asia. Zone 10. Prefers full to part shade, good houseplant. One of the sources of patchouli oil. Germinates in 1 - 6 weeks.
LEGUMINOSAE. Showy warm-region small broad-crowned trees and shrubs with feathery pinnate foliage and spectacular flowers. Fast growing heat lovers, best in well-drained soil. Drought-resistant thriving in hot sun and warm regions, north to Oregon. Easy in pots in the greenhouse. Easy from seed, grow like Caesalpinia, which see.
—Poinciana Gilliesii. (=Caesalpinia Gilliesii) (10) POIN-2. Packet: $2.50
Click for photos »
'BIRD of PARADISE BUSH'. Striking flowers with 3 - 5" long bright red stamens from 5-petaled yellow flowers in dense clusters. Blooms all summer. Shrub or small tree with feathery foliage. South America. Fast growing to 10 to 20 feet or so. An excellent ornamental, good in desert areas and the South, but grown as far north as Oregon. Zone 8. Easy in pots in the greenhouse in the North, and said to be possible as an annual if started early. The stamens have been used as a saffron substitute. "A very showy and worthy plant."—L. H. Bailey. Nick seed, germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.
—Poinciana pulcherrima. (=Caesalpinia pulcherrima) (10) POIN-4. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo »
'PRIDE OF BARBADOS', 'DWARF POINCIANA', 'FLOWER FENCE'. Striking flowers with red crinkled petals edged yellow, and bright 2 1/2" red stamens. Dense shrub to 10 feet with delicate dark green feathery foliage. West Indies. Zone 9. Fast growing, good hedge or screen in warm regions, blooming throughout warm weather. Stands some frost. Sacred in India. The seed and pods yield tannin and dye, and the orange colored wood is carbonized for ink in India. Leaves used as a fish poison in Guatemala. All parts have medicinal uses, and extracts have shown antiviral effects. Nick seed to germinate in 2 - 3 weeks.
—Poinciana regia: See Delonix regia.
CAPPARIDACEAE. Cleome-like North American annuals.
—Polanisia dodecandra ssp. trachysperma. (200) POLN-6T. Packet: $2.50
1/2 Oz: $7.50
Click for photo »
Info and photos: http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/prairie/plantx/lf_clammyweedx.htm
'DWARF CLEOME'. Clusters of white 1" flowers with long, red, whiskery stamens. Summer-blooming hardy annual to 2 feet, with trifoliate leaves. W. N. America. Zone 4. Easy in sandy soil and hot, dry places. Attracts bees and butterflies. Young plants boiled as greens by Indians, and the leaves were smoked in ceremonial cigarettes.
POLEMONIACEAE. Mostly easily grown perennials for the border. Blue, yellow or purplish flowers. Best from fall-sown seed in rich loam. Common kinds germinate in 1 - 4 weeks at warm.
NEW—Polemonium boreale 'Heavenly Habit'. (50) POLE-2H. Packet: $2.50
Abundant violet-blue 1/2" flowers with yellow eyes. Compact hardy perennial to 1 foot, with pinnate leaves. Circumboreal. Zone 5. Reblooms if deadheaded. Germinates irregularly over a month or so.
—Polemonium yezoense 'Purple Rain Strain'. (50) POLE-28P. Packet: $2.50
Large violet inch-wide flowers in June and July. Hardy perennial to 20", with pinnate leaves. Japan. Zone 4. Until early summer the whole plant is reddish-purple, making a nice display. Germinates in 1 - 6 weeks or so.
POLYGONACEAE. 'FLEECE-FLOWER'. A large and varied genus of annuals and perennials grown for their abundant bloom and attractive foliage. They range from dry, rocky areas to deep woods, to aquatic habitats. Easily grown in the border and wild garden; some are good ground covers or great in hanging baskets. Various species provide food, in the form of seeds, greens or roots, or forage, medicine and dyes. Researchers might find this vigorous group a fertile source of new crops. Most germinate in 2 - 3 weeks, some up to 2 months. Seed viable up to 25 years.
NEW—Polygonum Bistorta. (25) POLY-7. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50, 5 grams: $19.00
'BISTORT', 'SNAKEROOT'. Dense 1 - 2" spikes of pink flowers from May to August. Hardy perennial to 2 feet, with bluish-green leaves. North Eurasia. Has a contorted S-shaped rootstock, much used in medicine as an astringent. The young leaves are cooked like spinach, and the root starch has been eaten. Give 1 month warm then 1 - 2 months cold to germinate in 6 weeks.
NEW—Polygonum orientale 'Variegatum'. (25) POLY-18V. Packet: $2.50
'VARIEGATED KISS ME OVER THE GARDEN GATE'. A nice form from Japan, with cream variegation, and sugar-pink flower spikes in fall.
COMPOSITAE. From the warm Americas.
NEW—Polymnia uvedalia. (25) POLM-44. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $9.00
Medicinal info: http://doctorschar.com/archives/bearsfoot-polymnia-uvedalia/
'BEAR'S FOOT'. Bright yellow daisies on a hardy perennial to 6 - 10 feet, with large lobed leaves. SE U.S. Zone 5 (maybe). Good in wet places. The root is used in medicine. Irregular germination, give a prechill, and Richo Cech reports fire works well.
POLYPODIACEAE. Mostly temperate zone woodland ferns grown for ornament. Easily grown. Prefers limestone and leafmold. See Fern Spores for germination.
—Polystichum munitum. (10,000) POLYS-12. Packet: $2.50
'GIANT HOLLY FERN', 'WESTERN SWORD FERN'. Large, deep green, pinnate, leathery evergreen fronds to 10" wide, in large clumps to 3 to 5 feet tall. Striking and hardy, living to great age. Alaska to California. The thick roots were peeled and roasted in embers or cooked like potatoes with salmon eggs by Northwest Indians. Said to have a banana-like flavor. I've got to try it someday!
RUTACEAE. A single species of hardy citrus.
—Poncirus trifoliata. (20) PONC-4. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $6.00, Pound: $40.00
Seed stored moist and refrigerated.
'TRIFOLIATE ORANGE.' Large white fragrant 2" flowers before the leaves, followed by very fragrant 2" fruits. Deciduous small tree to 15 feet, hardy to Chicago. Zone 5. Makes a nice, deer-proof 'living barbed wire fence' planted 2 feet apart. Fruits make a nice juice, best if squeezed a few weeks after picking. Germinates in 3 - 8 weeks, best in the dark, cover seed well.
Photo and information links:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14734210 "Poncirus trifoliata fruit induces apoptosis in human promyelocytic leukemia cells." Poncirus fruit is used against cancer in Korea, and here is research showing it has activity against leukemia.
http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Poncirus+trifoliata A good overview of uses of Poncirus.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874196014511 "Anti-anaphylactic activity of Poncirus trifoliata fruit extract." The extract prevented anaphylactic shock in rats.
—Poncirus trifoliata 'Flying Dragon'. (20) PONC-4F. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $8.00, Pound: $80.00
Seed stored moist and refrigerated.
'FLYING DRAGON TRIFOLIATE ORANGE.' Striking variety with curly stems and hooked thorns, making a stunning display when leafless in winter. Large white fragrant 2" flowers before the leaves, followed by very fragrant 2" fruits ("Dragon's Eggs"). Deciduous small tree to 8 feet (smaller than the type, so easier to keep trimmed), hardy to Chicago. Zone 5. Makes a nice, deer-proof 'living barbed wire fence' planted 2 feet apart, and because the thorns are curved, they are not a hazard to tractor tires if branches get left on the ground after trimming. Fruits make a nice juice, best if squeezed a few weeks after picking. Comes 95% true from seed. Germinates in 3 - 8 weeks, best in the dark, cover seed well.
Photo and information links:
http://dangergarden.blogspot.com/2011/03/poncirus-trifoliata-or-flying-dragon.html Great photos!
For wholesale mail-order bare-root one-year old seedlings for planting hedges (about 6" tall, with 6" roots, $2.00 each in lots of 50 or more, plus postage), contact Adam Turtle of Earth Advocates Research Farm, 30 Myers Road, Summertown, TN 38483-7323, Phone 1-931-964-4151 (7AM to 5PM Central Time).
Dragon's Egg Pie by Sue Turtle
1 can (14 oz) sweetened condensed milk.
1/2 - 3/4 cup fresh squeezed juice from the Dragon's Egg (the fruit of Poncirus trifoliata 'Flying Dragon' - takes about 10 - 15 fruit).
4 egg yolks.
Whip/blend (I use the blender) the yolks, then add the milk. Add the juice until just mixed.
Pour into a 9" graham cracker crumb crust. Chill for several hours or overnight before serving.
(This pie can be made with key limes if one wishes, but the fruit of Poncirus trifoliata 'Flying Dragon' makes the best pie.)
5 egg yolks (beat 3-5 minutes until thickened (I use the blender).
Slowly add in one 14 oz. can sweetened condensed milk.
Then add in 3/4 cup fresh Flying Dragon fruit juice and whir just to blend.
In a separate bowl beat 3 of the egg whites until they form soft peaks and waver gently on the beater (DO NOT OVER-BEAT) Whites should be firm but not stiff. Fold the white gently and thoroughly into the other mixture.
Spoon at once into a graham cracker crumb crust shell (can be precooked or not but if pre-cooked - allow to cool).
Bake 20 minutes at 325° for about 20 minutes (in the center of the oven).
If you like you can cover with Meringue topping using the 2 remaining egg whites.
Beat 2 egg whites and 1/4 teaspoon cream of tartar until foamy.
Beat in 1/4 cup sugar 1 tablespoon at a time.
Continue beating until stiff and glossy.
DO NOT UNDER-BEAT.
Beat in 1/4 teaspoon vanilla.
Heap onto the hot pie filling and spread over filling - carefully sealing to edge of crust to prevent shrinking or weeping.
Bake at 400° for 10 minutes until delicately brown.
Cool away from draft.
COMPOSITAE. From the warm Americas.
—Porophyllum ruderale. (100) PORO-21. Packet: $2.50
Photos and info: http://www.fireflyforest.com/flowers/3167/porophyllum-ruderale-yerba-porosa/
'PAPALO QUELITE', 'SUMMER CILANTRO'. Annual to 4 feet, with oval roundish leaves and small flowers. México to S. America. Zone 9 or 10. Distinctive cilantro-like flavor, but more citrusy. Added to salads, tacos, guacamole, and salsas. Does well when too hot for cilantro. Full or part sun. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
PORTULACEAE. 'MOSS ROSE'. Somewhat succulent low-growing herbs grown for their brilliant flowers or as potherbs. Sun lovers, preferring poor, dry, light soils and only a little water, providing a showy, dense carpet of color in hot areas where other flowers would soon perish. Try several to a 6" pot. Sow in March at 65 - 75°F, or outdoors in April. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks. Seed viable 3 - 10 years, and some up to 45 years.
—Portulaca grandiflora 'Single Mix'. (1000) PORT-1S. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $5.00, 5 gm: $12.00, 25 gm: $50.00
Large single flowers in a range of colors. This is the old-fashioned type not often seen nowadays.
ROSACEAE. A very large genus of mostly hardy perennials. Yellow, red, or white flowers, and divided leaves. Good in the border or wild garden. Sow in fall or early spring. February in a cold frame. Most germinate in 1 - 4 weeks, some up to 8 weeks. Most kinds bloom the second year. Name means 'powerful', referring to the medicinal properties. Need little care.
NEW—Potentilla nepalensis 'Helen Jane'. (250) POTL-88H. Packet: $2.50
Abundant brilliant pink inch-wide flowers with red eyes, in summer. Compact hardy perennial to 1 foot, with palmate leaves. Himalayas. Zone 5. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
NEW—Potentilla nepalensis 'Roxana'. (200) POTL-88R. Packet: $2.50
Abundant yellow pink inch-wide flowers with dark eyes, from red buds. Compact hardy perennial to 16", with palmate leaves. Himalayas. Zone 5. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
NEW—Potentilla Thurberi 'Monarch's Velvet'. (100) POTL-120M. Packet: $2.50
Deep velvety red 1/2 - 3/4" flowers with dark centers, in June to August. Hardy perennial to 2 1/2 feet, with divided leaves. New Mexico to California. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
PRIMULACEAE. 'PRIMROSE'. A large genus of mostly cool-region hardy and half hardy perennials grown for their beautiful, showy winter and spring bloom. Popular for pot plants, bedding, in the rock garden, greenhouse and border. Most like deep, moist, well-drained soil and part shade. Mulch to keep soil cool. Sow seed in late fall or early spring; several weeks to months cold is beneficial to most hardy kinds. Most need light, sow on the surface and keep cool, best under 65°F. They may be irregular in germinating, taking from 2 - 10 weeks or more; usually 20 - 40 days. Seed viable 1 - 5 years.
—Primula anisodora. (50) PRIM-10. Packet: $3.00
Dark brownish-purple 1/2" flowers with a yellow eye, in stacked whorls to 2 feet, June to August. Hardy perennial with aromatic foliage. China. Zone 5. Root strongly fragrant. Germinates in 3 - 5 weeks.
—Primula X elatior 'Victoriana Laced'. (50) PRIM-44V. Packet: $4.00
'LACED POLYANTHUS'. A wonderful mix of red, purple, and brownish-black shades, each petal edged with a gold or silvery margin, and with a golden center. Zone 5. Give 1 - 3 months prechill to germinate at cool temperatures.
—Primula Florindae. (50) PRIM-54. Packet: $2.50
Fragrant yellow bell-shaped nodding 3/4" wide flowers in large clusters of 30 - 60, over a long period in summer. Large hardy perennial to 1 1/2 - 4 feet. SE Tibet. Zone 6. Good waterside plant, best in a few inches of water or in moist soil. Nutmeg scented. Germinates in 1 - 7 weeks at warm temperatures.
—Primula japonica alba. (100) PRIM-85A. Packet: $2.50
Click for photos »
White 1 - 1 1/2" flowers in tiered clusters to 18" tall, May and June. Quite hardy perennial with rosettes of foot-long leaves. Japan. Zone 5. Give seed GA-3 or 8 weeks cold.
—Primula macrocalyx. (100) PRIM-100. Packet: $2.50
Large yellow to orange 1 1/4" fragrant flowers in clusters to 15" tall. Hardy perennial. Central Asia. Zone 4. "Like P. veris on steroids. More robust in all its parts."—Bertrand. Give seed GA-3 to germinate in 4 - 6 weeks.
—Primula veris. (=officinalis) (100) PRIM-165. Packet: $2.50
'COWSLIP', 'MAYFLOWER', 'KEY OF HEAVEN'. Bright yellow fragrant nodding inch-wide flowers clustered on 8 - 12" stems in spring. The petals each have a red spot. Attractive rosettes of crinkled leaves. Europe. Zone 4. A legendary plant of the herbalists, with a long history of use. Norse mythology dedicated it to the goddess Freya, and it was held to be the entrance to her treasure palace. The sedative flowers are made into cowslip wine, an old folk remedy for insomnia, giddiness, and nervous troubles. The fresh blossoms are added to salads or are made into conserves. They were once held in high esteem as a cosmetic, believed to remove spots and wrinkles. Seed viable 2 - 5 years. Give seed 2 weeks warm, then 8 weeks cold, to sprout in 1 - 8 weeks.
—Primula veris 'Sunset Shades'. (50) PRIM-165S. Packet: $3.00
Flowers in shades of red, orange, ochre, and yellow, from March to May. Hardy perennial to 10". Zone 4.
MARTYNIACEAE. Annuals and perennials from the warm Americas, grown for their bold foliage, large bright flowers, and especially the peculiar pods. Best in rich moist soil and full sun, but stands drought well.
—Proboscidea parviflora var. hohokamiana. (25) PROB-19H. Packet: $3.00
10 grams: $12.00
Click for photos »
'DOUBLE DEVIL'S CLAW'. Pods with 8" long claws, four instead of the usual two claws. Pink to pale yellow flowers. Annual to 2 - 3 feet, with soft rounded leaves. S.W. U.S. The young pods are eaten, as are the seeds, which are said to have a coconut flavor. Claws used in Indian basketry. Needs warmth to germinate in 1 - 6 months.
"With a very sharp pair of scissors (I use cuticle scissors) cut a sliver off of one side of seed. The operative word here is sliver .. you want to expose the kernel inside but donít want to cut the actual kernel. Plant about Ĺ inch deep in good draining potting mix. Germination in 1 - 3 weeks on a heat mat or soil temperature in the upper 70ís to mid 80ís.
Plant does well in full sun or dappled sun and blooms quickly. The flower is exceedingly stinky so you donít want it in an enclosed space.
The seed pod starts out soft and green. When ripe the green bits fall off and you are left with a hard pod. Be advised that the hard pod when open has very sharp spikes and serrated edges which can cause harm to children and small pets if they come in contact with it."—A.K. 8/12
LABIATAE. Showy-flowered low growing perennials from north temperate regions. Easily grown long blooming, attracts pollinators and good groundcover.
—Prunella grandiflora 'Pagoda Mix'. (200) PRUL-10P. Packet: $2.50
'BIGFLOWER SELFHEAL'. Various shades of purple-blue, white and rose inch-long flowers in June and July. Hardy perennial to 4 - 8". Europe. Zone 4. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
—Prunella vulgaris. (100) PRUL-25. Packet: $2.50
'SELF-HEAL', 'HEAL-ALL'. Violet-blue 1/2" flowers in short, dense spikes, in May to October. Hardy perennial to 4 - 20", with 4" leaves. Eurasia. Zone 3. Highly regarded medicinal herb. Sow on the surface. Germinates in 2 - 8 weeks warm.
ROSACEAE. Ornamental flowering trees and shrubs. Many produce edible fruits or nuts. Easily grown, and making a great display of bloom in spring.
—Prunus Lyonii. (5) PRUN-76. Packet: $2.50
1/4 lb: $12.00 (about 14 seeds per ounce)
'CATALINA ISLAND CHERRY'. Maroon to black 1/2 - 1" round cherries with a large stone, eaten fresh, with fine flavor. Tree or shrub to 10 - 45 feet, with large 2 - 5" dark green leaves, and spikes of small white flowers in March to May. Rare species endemic to the Channel Islands off the coast of California. The fruits were prized by the Indians, who also ate the large, nut-like kernel after leaching and boiling. Zone 8, and probably hardy to 0° - 10°F. Germinates in 2 - 5 months, and a prechill may help.
ROSACEAE. A single species.
—Pseudocydonia sinensis. (50) PSCY-4. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $9.00, 1/4 lb: $30.00
Photos and info: http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/59646/
'CHINESE QUINCE', 'MUGUA' (Chinese name). Pink 1 - 2" flowers in spring, followed by large, edible 5 - 7" yellow fruits ripening in fall. Hardy deciduous or evergreen tree to 20 feet, with shiny 4" leaves with good fall color. Attractive flaking green and brown bark. N. China. Zone 5. Fruit best after a frost or two, used in jams and cobblers, and is very fragrant, perfuming a room. Germinates in 4 - 8 weeks or so.
PINACEAE. Tall conifers of Asia and N. America,
NEW—Pseudotsuga sinensis. (25) PSDT-22. Packet: $2.50
'CHINESE DOUGLAS FIR'. To 120 feet, with glossy green 1 1/2" needles with notched tips, and 2" cones. South central China. Zone 7 or 8. Give 6 weeks prechill, but some germinate at warm.
MYRTACEAE. Tropical American trees and shrubs with large white flowers and edible fruits. Easily grown in mild climates (wherever oranges grow), or in tubs in the greenhouse. Easy from seed, which germinates in 2 - 8 weeks at warm temperatures.
NEW—Psidium littorale var. littorale. (100) PSID-48L. Packet: $2.50
'YELLOW STRAWBERRY GUAVA'. Sulfur-yellow 1 1/2" round fruits with a sweet-acid flavor. Small tree to 10 - 25 feet, with inch-wide white flowers, oval 3" leaves and smooth grey bark. South America. Zone 9. Sweeter and more delicate flavor than the red-fruited form. Good for tropical reforestation. Germinates in 4 - 8 weeks.
—Psidium littorale var. longipes. (25) PSID-48C. Packet: $2.50
'RED STRAWBERRY GUAVA'. Red to purple 1" wide round fruits with a sweet-acid flavor. Small dense tree to 10 - 20 feet, with white, inch-wide flowers and oval 3" leaves. South America. Zone 9. Made into a jam said to taste like strawberries. One of the hardiest. Popular in California. Germinates in 4 - 8 weeks.
"Economic growth is not only unnecessary, but ruinous."—Alexander I. Solzhenitsyn.
BORAGINACEAE. About a dozen spring-flowering Eurasian perennials. Easily grown in part shade.
—Pulmonaria officinalis. (10) PULM-18. Packet: $2.50
'LUNGWORT', 'JERUSALEM COWSLIP'. Funnel-shaped pink 3/4" flowers changing to violet, in forked cymes, March to April. Hardy perennial to 10", with pointed, often white-spotted leaves. Slowly spreads by rhizomes to form nice patches. Europe. Zone 4. "They are among the most elegant ornaments of the flower-garden..."—Loudon, 1829. The young leaves have been eaten in salads or as pot-herbs, and have been used for lung complaints. Seed needs cold treatment or GA-3 to germinate in 1 month.
RANUNCULACEAE. Herbaceous perennials with poppy-like flowers. Sometimes included in Anemone. Good in the rock garden and wild garden.
—Pulsatilla vulgaris 'Papageno'. (50) PULS-46P. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo of seedheads »
'PASQUE FLOWER'. Fringed to semi-double flowers in shades ranging from creamy white to pink, deep red, light blue, and violet. Zone 5. Young plants tend to be single-flowering. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks.
PUNICACEAE. Two species of trees and shrubs widely grown in warm regions for ornament and their beautiful flowers and edible fruit. Popular in the greenhouse in the North. Can stand to 0°F with protection, hardy to D.C. against a south wall, but likes hot sun and good drainage. Fruits in 3 or 4 years from seed, and best in hot arid regions. Stands alkaline soil. Good for hedges. Soak overnight to germinate in 2 - 10 weeks warm.
Punica Granatum Varieties:
'POMEGRANATE'. Spectacular brilliant deep orange-red flowers 1 - 2" across, sometimes reaching 4", from succulent scarlet buds. Satiny crinkled petals surround gold-tipped stamens. The apple to grapefruit-sized red fruits are filled with seeds, each surrounded by red juicy pulp, resembling a mass of rubies when the fruit splits open. Tree or shrub to 6 - 25 feet, with attractive glossy narrow foliage, bronze when young. West Asia. Grown for its delicious fruit since ancient times, it is mentioned in the Ebers Papyrus, and by Homer, Pliny and Theophrastus. Wine was made from the juice in Ancient Egypt, and is used to make 'Grenadine' today. The Greeks believed it to have been brought by Aphrodite, and the fruit is to have kept Proserpina from returning to Earth, hence the origin of winter. The Phoenicians and Syrians used the fruit and bark for tanning. It was grown in the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, and it is the national emblem of Spain. Black ink can be made from the rind, and red cloth dye from the flowers. The wood is hard. Can live several hundred years. The rind and bark are well known as vermifuges, and used against dysentery.
—Granatum. (100) PUNI-1. Packet: $2.50
Click for photos »
'POMEGRANATE'. Crimson pulp in medium-sized tart, flavorful pomegranates. From my father's tree; he used to put the pulp through the blender for a marinade in Greek cooking. Also makes a nice drink, strained, sweetened, and diluted. Germinates in 4 - 6 weeks.
—Punica Granatum var. nana. (25) PUNI-1N. Packet: $3.00
1/4 Oz: $9.00
'DWARF POMEGRANATE'. A diminutive plant reaching only 1 - 3 feet tall, often blooming when only 6" tall. Beautiful inch-wide pink or scarlet flowers followed by tiny 2" fruits. The best for ornamental pot growth indoors in the North.
BROMELIACEAE Over 160 species of terrestrial bromeliads from S. American highlands. Dense rosettes of spiny-margined leaves, some with thickened trunks, and dense, often enormous flower-spikes. One kind has the largest inflorescence known, and another gathers nutrients by entangling birds and even sheep in the leaves!
—Puya mirabilis. (200) PUYA-12. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo »
Spikes of large, beautiful, three-petaled lime green flowers to 2 - 6 feet tall. Forms a nice rosette of narrow 2 foot leaves. Argentina. Quite striking and beautiful. Germinates in 2 - 10 weeks and up.