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2017 SEEDLIST - Ea - Er
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ECCREMOCARPUS (ek-re-mo-KAR-pus)
BIGNONIACEAE. Peruvian and Chilean tendril climbers valued for their showy bloom, and odd seed pods. Best on a warm, south-facing wall. Sow early indoors, germinates in about 2 weeks. May be sown in fall and held over in the greenhouse till spring. Perennial in warm climates, grown as an annual in the North.
NEW—Eccremocarpus scaber 'Tresco Mix'. (250) ECCR-12T. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50, 5 grams: $20.00
'CHILEAN GLORY'. Clustered inch-long tubular flowers in shades ranging from yellow to rose and orange-scarlet. Free-blooming climber to 10 feet. Chile. Zone 9. Needs light to germinate in 2 - 8 weeks.

ECHINACEA (e-ki-NAY-see-a)
COMPOSITAE. 'CONE FLOWER'. Bold herbaceous North American perennials with large, showy, daisy-like flowers and thick, medicinal roots. They are some of our finest natives, giving 2 months or more of late summer bloom, good for cutting. Easy in the border or wild garden, doing well in rich, sandy loam in warm sunny spots. Likes lime.
—Echinacea angustifolia Wild. (250) ECHI-1. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Ounce: $7.50, Ounce: $16.00

Wild collected in Nebraska. Needs 8 - 12 weeks prechill.
'BLACK SAMPSON CONEFLOWER'. Orchid or violet 2" wide flowers. Hardy perennial to 2 feet, with 8" leaves. Plains states. Zone 3. The root is a valuable medicine, and was used by the Sioux against septicemia, rabies, snakebites, etc., and widely in modern times against infection. It is said to stimulate the immune response, production of white blood cells, increase lymphatic filtration, etc. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks, some lots need 6 - 8 weeks cold.
—Echinacea pallida. (100) ECHI-19. Packet: $2.50 OUT OF STOCK
Ounce: $9.00, 1/4 Pound: $27.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK
'PALE PURPLE CONEFLOWER'. Striking wildflower. Showy large flowers with narrow drooping 1 1/2 - 3 1/2" long petals flushed rosy purple, and large dark purple-brown centers. Hardy perennial to 3 - 5 feet tall. Illinois to Texas. Zone 3. A long-lived plant, it will make a great display year after year. Highly valued by the Indians as a medicinal plant, its roots are prized by herbalists. Like E. purpurea and angustifolia, it was used as a universal panacea. It stimulates the immune system and production of white blood cells (T-cells), increases lymphatic filtration, possesses tumor-inhibiting properties, is effective against bacterial and viral infections, helps wound healing, is anti-allergy, etc. Germinates in 2 - 3 weeks, some lots need 6 - 8 weeks cold.
—Echinacea purpurea. (100) ECHI-27. Packet: $2.00 OUT OF STOCK
Ounce: $6.00, 1/4 Pound: $18.00 BULK OUT OF STOCK
Click for photo » Echinacea purpurea & Allium jajlae.jpg (105342 bytes) (With Allium jajlae)
'PURPLE CONEFLOWER'. Large, handsome, reddish purple 4" wide flowers with darker centers, on a hardy perennial to 2 - 5 feet. E. U.S. Zone 3. An excellent long-lived perennial. Valued as a universal panacea by the Plains and Eastern Indians, the root was used for a wide variety of ailments. They are still quite popular, being especially valued in Europe, where they are frequently employed as a non-specific immune system stimulant effective against bacterial and viral infections. Germinates in 2 - 3 weeks.

ECHINOCACTUS (ee-kye-no-KAK-tus)
CACTACEAE. Ribbed barrel cacti from SW U.S. and México. Easily grown if kept on the dry side in winter. Water freely in summer once established. Germinates in 2 - 8 weeks, best with GA-3. Makes nice specimens in a few years. Popular favorites.
—Echinocactus Grusonii. (25) ECHT-10. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » EchinocactusGrusonii.jpg (105462 bytes) Echinocactus grusonii clump.jpg (74764 bytes)
'GOLDEN BARREL'. Large round cactus to 3 feet thick, with yellow 1 - 2" spines and bright yellow 2 1/2" flowers in summer. Central México. One of the nicest, forming huge golden balls. Zone 8. Germinates in 2 - 8 weeks, and GA-3 helps.

—Echinocactus ingens. (25) ECHT-12. Packet: $2.50
'MEXICAN GIANT BARREL', 'BLUE BARREL'. Huge round barrels to 4 feet thick, with thin, narrow bluish-green ribs and stout spines. Canary yellow inch-long flowers. México. Pulp is eaten. Germinates in 2 - 12 weeks, and GA-3 helps.

NEW—Echinocactus Palmeri. (25) ECHT-24. Packet: $2.50

Huge barrels to 8 feet tall and 3 feet thick, with flat blade-like ribs and 8" spines. Yellow flowers. NE México. Give GA-3 to germinate in 6 - 8 weeks.

ECHINOPS (e-KY-nops)
COMPOSITAE. 'GLOBE THISTLE'. Handsome hardy Old World biennials and perennials grown for their large showy globular blue, violet or white heads, which are valued florist material, and also make good dried flowers. Striking plants, best in colonized clumps, their metallic heads making a bold effect. Attractive to bees. Good in dry, light, well-drained soil. Easy from seed sown January on, up to 2 months before fall frosts. Germinates in 2 - 3 weeks, or up to 2 months. Seed viable 2 years or more.
—Echinops sphaerocephalus. (10) ECHN-22. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $16.00
'GREAT GLOBE THISTLE'. Large blue 2" globular flower-heads. Tall hardy perennial to 5 - 8 feet, with pinnately divided leaves and cobwebby stems. Europe to Siberia. Zone 3. A bold, striking perennial. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks or so.
—Echinops sphaerocephalus 'Arctic Glow'. (10) ECHN-22AG. Packet: $3.00
Large white balls of flowers on red stems, from June to August. Thistle-like hardy perennial to 32". The red stems are a striking contrast to the white flowers and green leaves, making an excellent cut flower. Choice! Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks warm.

ECHIUM (EK-ee-um)
BORAGINACEAE. Showy Mediterranean annuals and perennials, some spectacular giants. Easily grown in sunny, dry, poor, well-drained soil in warm areas and near the seacoast. They all attract bees, and one is lizard pollinated! Most germinate in 3 - 4 weeks.
—Echium fastuosum. (50) ECHM-4. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Ounce: $7.50, Ounce: $15.00
Click for photo » Echium fastuosum.jpg (84236 bytes) Echium fastuosum close.jpg (87947 bytes)
'PRIDE OF MADIERA'. Dramatic spikes of dark blue-purple 1/2" flowers with red stamens, in May and June. Shrub to 6 feet, with grey-green narrow leaves. Canary Islands. Hardy to about 5 - 10°F. Good in coastal California or the cool greenhouse.
—Echium russicum. (50) ECHM-10. Packet: $2.50
Deep red 1/2" flowers with long-exserted stamens, in dense foot-long racemes. Bushy hardy biennial or short-lived perennial to 2 - 3 feet, with narrow, pointed, 4" silvery-fuzzy leaves. Europe and W. Asia. Zone 3. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks or so.
—Echium vulgare. (100) ECHM-12. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $14.00
Click for photo » EchiumVulgare.jpg (118077 bytes)
'VIPER'S BUGLOSS', 'BLUE-WEED'. Showy biennial with numerous flowers in curved spikes. The flowers open bright rose, then turn brilliant blue. June and July. Hardy biennial to 2 - 3 feet. Eurasia. Zone 3. An excellent bee-plant. Was used medicinally against poisons and venom, hence the name. "...really brings butterflies and bees to my garden."—T. Vogelsang. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks.
—Echium Wildpretii. (50) ECHM-14. Packet: $2.50
25 grams: $30.00, 100 grams: $90.00
Click for photos » Echium wildpretti Red.jpg (150003 bytes) Echium wildprettii1.jpg (107796 bytes) Echium wildprettii2.jpg (86342 bytes) Echium wildprettii3.jpg (108835 bytes) Echium wildprettii4.jpg (131510 bytes)
'TOWER OF JEWELS'. Rosy red flowers with long-exserted stamens, in huge tapered conical clusters up to a foot thick and 10 feet tall, creating a striking effect. Biennial with narrow downy leaves. Canary Islands. Zone 9. In cold climates hold over winter in a tub in the greenhouse, and plant out the second spring. A real traffic-stopper here in California. Germinates in 1 - 6 weeks warm. This is the true species and comes true from seed, no hybrids.

COMPOSITAE. Several warm-region species.
—Eclipta alba. (100) ECLI-4. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $7.50, 5 grams: $20.00
'BRINGRAJ', 'MO-HAN-LIAN'. Small white daisies on an annual to 1 foot, with narrow leaves. Tropics. An Ayurvedic liver tonic, the juice used to help hair grow and stay dark, to lower blood pressure, and promote longevity and memory. Immune system stimulant, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, and has activity against AIDS. Controls soil nematodes and is antifungal. African sorghum and millet seeds treated with Eclipta extract had almost double the vigor and yield. Needs light and heat to germinate in 1 - 8 weeks, likes moisture.
Treatment of sorghum and millet with Eclipta: http://www.danseed.dk/symposium/~/media/DanSeed/docs/pdf/Symposium2010/S%C3%B8gaard%20Lund.ashx
Overview of medicinal uses: http://www.pharmatutor.org/articles/phytochemical-and-pharmacological-profile-of-eclipta-alba

ELEUSINE (el-you-SEE-ne)
GRAMINEAE. Tufted annual grasses grown for ornament and as a grain in Africa and India. Easy.
—Eleusine coracana 'Green Cat'. (100) ELEU-6G. Packet: $2.50
Click for photo » Eleusine coracana Green Cat3.jpg (106682 bytes)
An improved variety with large heads, good for grain or as an unusual cutflower material. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.
'DRAGON'S CLAW MILLET', 'RAGI'. Annual to 2 - 3 feet, with heads resembling a dragon's foot. Africa and Asia. Gives a good yield of grain and is grown for this purpose in Africa, Asia and the U.S. It is a fine cereal, and is made into flour. Made into a beer called M'Poko in Africa. Eaten as a vegetable in Indonesia. The most productive cereal in India. Yields up to 2000 pounds per acre. The earliest African agriculture, since 5000 B.P. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks.

LABIATAE. Eurasian and African plants, often aromatic. Easily grown late-blooming plants, valued for their dense spikes of flowers. Full sun.
—Elsholtzia Stauntonii. (100) ELSH-22. Packet: $3.00
Rosy purple flowers in dense 4 - 8" spikes in September and October. Aromatic shrubby perennial to 5 feet, with 5" leaves. N. China. Zone 4. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks warm.

EMILIA (e-MEE-lee-a)
COMPOSITAE. Easily grown tropical flowers.
—Emilia javanica 'Scarlet Magic'. (500) EMIL-76S. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $9.00, 25 grams: $16.00

'TASSEL-FLOWER', 'YIEH-HSIA-HUNG'. Brilliant orange-scarlet puff-like flowers in clusters from July to frost, held above a rosette of ferny leaves. Half-hardy annual to 2 feet. Tropical Africa. Easily grown in any garden soil, space 6". Good for cutting. Leaves eaten in the tropics. germinates in 1 week.

EMPETRACEAE. Several species of low evergreen shrubs from cold regions. Good in the rock garden.
—Empetrum nigrum. (100) EMPE-8. Packet: $3.00
'MOSSBERRY', 'CROWBERRY'. Tiny pink to purplish 1/4" flowers, abundant in April to June, followed by glossy black-purple 1/4" edible berries. Low spreading heath-like shrub to 8 - 12", with tiny, needle-like 1/4" leaves, giving it a mossy look. N. America to Eurasia. Very hardy, Zone 3, often growing among rocks. Berries a favorite food, eaten in a variety of ways by northern peoples, from Eskimo to Icelander. Twigs brewed as tea. Germinates in 4 - 6 weeks warm with GA-3.

EPHEDRACEAE. Nearly leafless shrubs with thin, broom-like branches. Most from warm, dry deserts. Gymnosperms with tiny cones. The only genus of the family. Germinates readily at 70°F. Belongs in every diversity-sampling collection.

—Ephedra campylopoda. (10) EPHE-8. Packet: $6.00 OUT OF STOCK

Blue-grey needle-like branches on a leafless shrub to 6 feet. Bears abundant edible red fruits. Mediterranean and New Zealand. Zone 8. Drought resistant. Germinates in 1 - 8 weeks. (=Ephedra foeminea)

EPILOBIUM (e-pi-LOW-bee-um)
ONAGRACEAE. 'WILLOW HERB'. Showy hardy perennials with willow-like leaves and large spikes of deep pink, crimson, white or yellow flowers of striking beauty. At their best in moist places or at the waters edge, but are well adapted to the border, meadow and wild-garden. Easy from seed. Sow on the surface to germinate in 1 - 2 weeks.
—Epilobium angustifolium. (500) EPIL-4. Packet: $2.50
Click for photos » EpilobiumAngustifoliumCloseup.jpg (96492 bytes) EpilobiumAngustifolium.jpg (108372 bytes)
'GIANT WILLOWHERB', 'FIREWEED', 'ROSEBAY'. Large purple to rose 1 1/4" wide flowers in long showy spikes in July and August. Hardy perennial to 3 - 8 feet, with 6" willow-like leaves. N. Hemisphere. Zone 2. Good cut flower. The young shoots have been used as an asparagus. The leaves were formerly used as a tea substitute, but were said to be stupefying in excess. An ale was brewed from them in Kamchatka, with the addition of Fly Agarics. The pith of the stems was eaten by N. American Indians. The plant has many medicinal uses. "Our finest and most showy species."—Parsons.

ERIGERON (e-RI-ger-on)
COMPOSITAE. 'FLEABANE'. Hardy Aster-like plants with showy, fine-petaled flowers in early summer. They are easily grown in the border, rock- or wild-garden, and are good for naturalizing. If started early they will make a good show of bloom the first year. They stand some shade and are prized for cutting. Sow in late fall or early spring. Germinates in 11 - 30 days, some up to 100 days at cool temperatures.
—Erigeron Karvinskianus 'Profusion'. (500) ERIG-44P. Packet: $2.50
'SANTA BARBARA DAISY'. Small 1/2 - 3/4" white daisies tinged pink, borne abundantly all summer on a graceful trailing tender perennial to 8 - 12", with inch-long leaves. México to Venezuela. Good in hanging baskets, or trailing over a bank or wall. Drought tolerant. About Zone 7. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
—Erigeron speciosus grandiflorus. (500) ERIG-76. Packet: $2.50
Gram: $8.00
'OREGON FLEABANE'. Lavender-blue 1 1/2" flowers with yellow centers, in July and August. Hardy perennial to 2 1/2 feet, with narrow leaves. NW North America. Zone 3. Valuable for cut-flowers; may bloom twice if cut back. Sow in February to April, or in fall, to germinate in 1 - 2 weeks warm, longer if cool.

ERYNGIUM (e-RIN-jee-um)
UMBELLIFERAE. Attractive border and rock garden plants. Some 230 species, nearly worldwide. Somewhat thistle-like perennials valued for cut flowers and for drying. Best in full sun and light rich soil. Most germinate readily at cool temperatures, and some need cold.
—Eryngium alpinum superbum. (25) ERYN-2. Packet: $2.50

Large dark blue thistle-like flowers in clusters in July and August, on a hardy perennial to 1 1/2 - 2 1/2 feet, with large, heart-shaped basal leaves. Mountains of Europe. Not prickly. Zone 5. Prechill seed 6 - 8 weeks.
—Eryngium giganteum. (25) ERYN-9. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $13.00
Click for photos » Eryngium giganteum.jpg (122873 bytes) Eryngium giganteum2.jpg (101503 bytes) Eryngium giganteum closeup.jpg (121242 bytes)
'GIANT SEA-HOLLY'. Silvery green to pale blue 4" long flower-heads with striking ivory white boldly toothed bracts. July to August. Hardy perennial to 6 feet, with triangular to heart-shaped leaves. Caucasus. Zone 4. Good, stunning, long-lasting cut flowers, which also dry well. Monocarpic; cut flowers to extend bloom. Sow in late fall, space 2 feet apart. Prechill 6 - 8 weeks to germinate in 3 - 7 months.
—Eryngium Leavenworthii. (25) ERYN-11. Packet: $4.00
'PURPLE SHEEN'. Blue-purple flowers in 2" heads with red-purple bracts, July to September. Nice hardy annual to 2 feet, with spiny blue-grey foliage. Kansas to Texas. Zone 5. Good cut flower. Germinates in 2 - 3 weeks warm.
—Eryngium maritimum. (10) ERYN-13. Packet: $3.00
'SEA HOLLY'. Silvery-grey 4" holly-like foliage and blue-green thistle-like 1" flower-heads from June to October. Hardy perennial to 16". Seacoasts of Europe. Zone 4. Good by the sea and in deep well-drained rocky or sandy soil. The young shoots have been eaten like asparagus, and the roots were candied and eaten as an aphrodisiac. Boiled they are said to taste like chestnuts, and be very restorative and nourishing for elderly people. Medicinal. Give 8 weeks cold to germinate in 3 - 4 weeks.

NEW—Eryngium planum 'Blaukappe'. (50) ERYN-198. Packet: $2.50

'BLUE CAP'. Intense blue flowers in 1/2" heads with star-like bracts, borne profusely on a hardy perennial to 28". Eurasia. Zone 4. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks.
NEW—Eryngium sp. BK10509.14. (100) ERYN-SK. Packet: $4.00
Dark green/purple/brown flowerheads on stems to 5 feet, above a 2 foot wide rosette of dark green serrated curled leaves. Collected near Inkallajta, Cochabamba, Peru. Zone 8. Germinates in 4 - 12 weeks.
—Eryngium yuccifolium. (100) ERYN-28. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Ounce: $7.50

'RATTLESNAKE MASTER' Globular heads of white flowers in July and August. Hardy perennial to 2 - 6 feet, with Yucca-like, sword-shaped leaves to 3 feet long. E. U.S. Likes moist soils and full sun, blooms the second year from seed. Zone 4. The roots were a highly valued medicine among various Indian peoples throughout its range. Germinates in 8 - 12 weeks at cold (40° F) temperatures.

"The two most common things in the universe are hydrogen and stupidity."
—H. Ellison.

ERYTHRINA (er-ith-REE-na)
LEGUMINOSAE. Over 100 species of tropical trees and a few herbs. A complex group, displaying reticulate evolution. Most bird-pollinated, with interesting adaptations of the nectar nutrients to the needs of the bird species, and dry-season flowering providing a water source for birds and squirrels. Extrafloral nectaries may attract guard-ant species.
Cultivated for ornament and many uses. Shiny red or orange flowers and many have bright seeds used as beads and in games, mostly toxic, but some eaten. Easily grown in warm climates or in the greenhouse. Nick and soak seed, to germinate in 10 - 20 days or so at warm temperatures. The seeds may float long distances in the sea. Many contain poisonous curare-like alkaloids used in medicine.
—Erythrina Corallodendrum. (5) ERYT-4. Packet: $3.00
1/2 Ounce: $15.00
'CORAL TREE', 'IMMORTEL'. Deep red 2" long flowers in 4 - 12" racemes, followed by 4" pods filled with bright scarlet seeds. Tree to 25 feet with trifoliate leaves, sometimes spiny. West Indies. Zone 10. Bark and seeds medicinal and poisonous. Nick and soak to germinate in 1 - 3 weeks or so.

ERYTHRONIUM (e-ri-THRO-nee-um)
LILIACEAE. Attractive N. Hemisphere cormous perennials, good in shade or the wild garden. Multi-cycle germinators.
—Erythronium grandiflorum. (75) ERYTH-8. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $15.00
Click for photo » Erythronium grandiflorum1.jpg (52606 bytes) Erythronium grandiflorum2.jpg (18008 bytes)

'AVALANCHE LILY', 'YELLOW FAWN LILY'. Bright golden yellow 2" flowers with recurved petals and reddish purple anthers, solitary or in clusters of up to 6, held above the oblong 6" leaves. Open forests, B.0 to Utah & California. The corms were eaten by the Indians, and the Wailakis believed that if they bathed in a decoction of it "...they can stop a rattlesnake from having dreams..."—Chesnut. Sow in early fall or give 4 weeks warm, then cold. Root germinates in 3 - 4 months cold. High germination.

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