J. L. HUDSON,
2015 SEEDLIST - Al - An
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LEGUMINOSAE. Trees or shrubs closely related to Acacia and Mimosa, with graceful feathery foliage and pink, yellow, or white plume-like flowers. In the greenhouse, repot in March. May be grown as annuals for their foliage in summer flower beds. Easy from seed.
—Albizzia Julibrissin var. rosea. (100) ALBI-1R. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $6.00, 1/4 lb: $18.00
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'SILK TREE', 'MIMOSA', 'HE-HUAN'. Showy pink puff-like flowers in summer. Round-headed tree to 40 feet, with feathery dark green foliage which folds up at night. Iran to Japan. Fairly hardy, Zone 6 - 7. Likes heat. Considered an auspicious tree, "promoting agreement and affection". The young leaves have been eaten or used for tea, and the flowers dried or candied. Bark used in Chinese medicine as a tonic "promoting joy, assuaging sorrow, brightening the eye, and giving the desires of the heart." Nick and soak to germinate in 1 - 3 weeks.
MALVACEAE. Easily grown biennial and perennial herbs from the Mediterranean and Central Asia, valued for their attractive flowers. Best in a rich heavy soil and full sun, but will make a fine display almost anywhere. Nice in the back of the border, against a wall, or in a sunny corner. Germinates in about 12 days, and best sown from mid-summer to early fall for biennial plants, or early indoors for bloom the same season. The leaves of common hollyhocks are eaten cooked or in salads, especially in Egypt, and the flowers are colorful in salads.
—Alcea pallida. (25) ALCE-19. Packet: $2.50
Lilac-rose single 2 - 3" wide flowers in spikes, May to September. Hardy biennial to 6 feet, with lobed, rounded leaves. Central Eurasia. Zone 3. Possibly one of the parent species of the modern hollyhock. Nick seed to germinate in 1 - 6 weeks.
—Alcea rosea 'Chater's Chestnut Brown'. (50) ALCE-21CC. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $10.00, 10 grams: $16.00
Large double flowers in a luscious chestnut-brown shade. Perennial strain to 6 feet. Nice!
—Alcea rosea 'Chater's Violet'. (50) ALCE-21CV. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $10.00, 10 grams: $16.00
Fully double large violet flowers in tall spikes. Perennial strain to 6 feet. Choice!
—Alcea rosea 'Indian Spring'. (100) ALCE-21IS. Packet: $2.00
'HOLLYHOCKS'. Beautiful mix of single and semi-double flowers, in a full range of colors- red, yellow, pink and white. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks, up to 6.
—Alcea rosea var. nigra. (50) ALCE-21N. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $7.50, 50 grams: $22.00
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'BLACK HOLLYHOCK'. Single, deep maroon flowers shading to a glossy purple-black with glowing centers. Hardy biennial to 5 feet. A striking background plant. Germinates in 1 - 6 weeks.
LILIACEAE. Some 700 species of North Hemisphere bulbs and rhizomatous plants. Includes chives, garlic, onions, leeks, and many varied ornamental garden and rock garden flowers. Most are easily grown in well-drained to sandy soil and full sun.
—Allium altaicum. (40) ALUM-3. Packet: $3.25
'LUK ALTAISKI'. White bell-shaped 1/4" flowers in dense round balls. Hardy bulb to 28", with hollow leaves. Siberia, Lake Baikal region. Zone 4, perhaps to Zone 1. Flowers, leaves, and bulbs are eaten raw or cooked. Probable ancestor of A. fistulosum. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks. For more seeds and plants grown by plant-explorer Ben Kamm, including many Andean rarities, see his website at www.sacredsucculents.com
—Allium Christophii. (10) ALUM-27. Packet: $2.50
'STARS OF PERSIA'. Deep lilac 1" starry flowers with a metallic sheen, in immense 8" balls in June. To 3 feet. Persia. To Zone 4. Start seed May to August. "Probably the largest and most imposing garden species."—L.H. Bailey. Germinates in 6 - 8 weeks at cold temperatures.
NEW—Allium stellatum. (100) ALUM-97. Packet: $2.50
1/4 Oz: $9.00
'PRAIRIE ONION'. Rosy pink flowers on 1 1/2 foot sterns. Late blooming. Central states. Bulbs eaten. Germinates in 2 weeks and up.
—Allium tuberosum. (250) ALUM-105. Packet: $2.00
'GARLIC CHIVES'. Flat-leaved aromatic perennial to 20" with a garlic-like flavor. The leaves are used in Asian cookery, chopped finely like chives in various dishes. Good in wet climates where garlic tends to rot. Zone 3. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks warm.
SCROPHULARIACEAE. Showy tropical American plants grown as annuals or in pots for winter bloom. Full sun, most soils. For early bloom start indoors and plant out in May. Produces a profusion of bloom in 12 weeks from seed. Sow on the surface, germinates in 10 - 30 days.
—Alonsoa meridionalis. (250) ALON-16. Packet: $2.50
Cinnabar-red flowers abundantly produced on a tender perennial to 2 feet. S. America. Zone 9. Good in masses in the border or in pots. Germinates in 2 - 4 weeks.
LILIACEAE. Showy South American perennials from tuberous roots. Attractive flowers, often spotted or streaked, are long-lasting when cut. Best in full sun or part shade in deep rich soil, or as pot plants in the North. Naturalizes well in California. The leaves twist during development, so their undersides face up. Germination may be irregular.
—Alstroemeria aurantiaca. (10) ALST-2. Packet: $3.00
Showy bright orange and yellow 2" clustered flowers with purple or red stripes and spots in the throat, May to August. Perennial to 3 feet, with 4" leaves. Chile. The hardiest species, to Zone 6 or 7.
—Alstroemeria 'Ligtu O.P. Hybrids'. (20) ALST-15 Packet: $3.00
Beautiful shades of pink, orange and flame, spotted and streaked. Perennial to 2 feet, narrow leaves. Chile. An excellent, fairly hardy strain, Zone 7. Give seed 4 weeks warm then cold to germinate in 3 - 10 weeks at cold temperatures.
—Alstroemeria pulchella. (=Alstroemeria psittacina) (10) ALST-19. Packet: $3.00
'PARROT ALSTROEMERIA'. Dark red flowers tipped green, with darker spots, from June to September. Half hardy perennial to 1 1/4 - 3 feet. Brazil. One of the hardiest, to Zone 7 or colder with protection. Give 30 days warm, then 30 days cold to germinate.
MALVACEAE. Tall, showy, free-flowering annuals biennials and perennials grown for their attractive bloom. Easily grown in any garden soil in full sun or part shade. Many of the biennials and perennials will bloom the first year if started indoors in January or February. Sow thinly, 1/4" deep, to germinate in 9 - 12 days or more.
—Althaea Cannabina. (25) ALTH-4. Packet: $2.50
Pink, inch-wide flowers with deep red centers. Hardy perennial to 2 - 5 feet. with palmately divided hemp-like leaves, hence the name. S. Europe. Zone 4. Blooms till fall, resembling a miniature Hibiscus. Yields a fiber. Germinates in 5 - 6 weeks.
—Althaea officinalis. (100) ALTH-9. Packet: $2.00 EU ORGANIC SEED
Pure Seed - Gram: $6.00, 5 grams: $11.00
'MARSHMALLOW'. Soft pink, inch-wide flowers in clusters up the stems. Hardy perennial to 3 to 4 feet, with velvety, grey-green lobed leaves. E. Europe. Zone 3. The true Marshmallow has long been cultivated for the roots used medicinally and as food. Boiled, then fried with onions and butter, they are said to be a palatable dish, and the boiled leaves have also been eaten. Mostly they are used medicinally for coughs, inflammations, etc., 'marshmallows' originally being a medicinal candy. It is said to be an immune system stimulant. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks.
AMARANTHACEAE. Easily grown annuals. Many are showy inhabitants of the flower garden, others are valuable edible grains and greens. Easy from seed sown where they are to grow, or early indoors and planted out after frost. Good in hot, dry areas and poor soil, but at their best in rich soil with plenty of moisture. Many make good cut flowers and they dry well. Wonderful old-fashioned favorites. All germinate in 1 - 2 weeks unless noted otherwise.
See Amaranth in Vegetable List for other varieties.
—Amaranthus caudatus. (5000) AMAR-1. Packet: $1.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 pound: $10.00
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'LOVE-LIES-BLEEDING'. Long, drooping spikes of tiny, deep red flowers, July to September. Robust, easily grown hardy annual to 2 1/2 - 3 feet, with pointed leaves. Tropics. An old favorite garden flower, cultivated for grain since ancient times in the tropics, and in Europe since 1596. Yields up to a metric ton of nutritious seeds per acre (1/2 lb per square yard). The leaves are eaten like spinach.
—Amaranthus hypochondriacus 'Pygmy Torch'. (1000) AMAR-20P. Packet: $2.50
'PRINCE'S FEATHER'. Red, upright spikes. To 1 foot. This species is cultivated in México for its high protein (15%) seeds, borne in large heads. The young leaves can be eaten as a potherb. Development of this plant as a food source was hindered by the attempts by the Catholic church to eradicate the plant as it figured in many important Aztec rites.
—Amaranthus tricolor 'Early Splendor'. (500) AMAR-42ES. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $12.00, 10 grams: $18.00
Bright glowing crimson foliage. Hardy annual to 2 feet or so. Early maturity. Excellent cut-foliage for florist work, and the leaves are edible like spinach. The tender young leaves and sliced stems make a colorful addition to salads. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks.
—Amaranthus tricolor 'Joseph's Coat'. (250) AMAR-42J. Packet: $2.50
'SUMMER POINSETTIA', 'CHINESE SPINACH'. Vigorous bushy annual to 3 feet or so, with 2 - 8" leaves with brilliant red, yellow and green markings. Tropics. The showy leaves are eaten raw or cooked. "An excellent hot weather substitute for spinach."—Facciola. Germinates in 1 - 6 weeks.
—Amaranthus tricolor 'Red Sea'. (400) AMAR-42RS. Packet: $2.50
Showy plant with edible red and pink round leaves. Annual to 16". Ready to eat in 35 - 60 days depending on temperature. Productive and tasty. Germinates in a week.
UMBELLIFERAE. Perennial carrot-like herbs with feathery leaves and small white flowers in umbels. An interesting genus producing several pharmacological agents. Excellent wildflowers for naturalizing. Seed germinates in 1 - 2 weeks or so at warm temperatures.
—Ammi Visnaga. (100) AMMI-25. Packet: $2.50
'KHELLA', 'TOOTHPICK PLANT'. Large umbels of white flowers, good for cutting. Perennial to 2 - 3 feet, with feathery divided 3 - 8" leaves. Mediterranean region. Zone 6. The seeds are valued for treating asthma, angina pectoris, and the pain of kidney stones. The dried seed stalks are used as toothpicks in Egypt. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks warm.
ZINGIBERACEAE. Aromatic warm-region plants.
—Amomum subulatum. (25) AMOM-22. Packet: $3.00
BLACK CARDAMOM'. Dense clusters of yellow and white flowers at the base of the plant in midsummer. Tender perennial to 5 feet, with ginger-like leaves. Himalayas to 6500 feet. Zone 9. The aromatic seeds are used as a spice and in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine. Antimicrobial and cardio-adaptogen. Nick seed and keep warm; 3 - 8 months.
Article on cardio-adaptogen properties:
Effect of Greater cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) on blood
lipids, fibrinolysis and total antioxidant status in patients with ischemic heart disease. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease. http://www.apjtcm.com/zz/2012s2/38.pdf
Article on anti-microbial properties:
Antimicrobial Activity of Amomum subulatum and Elettaria cardamomum Against Dental Caries Causing Microorganisms. Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 840-49, 2009. http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1740&context=ebl
Review article on all medicinal properties:
Amomum Subulatum Roxb: An Overview In All Aspects. Kumar Gopal et al. IRJP 2012, 3 (7) Page 96. International Research Journal of Pharmacy. http://www.irjponline.com/admin/php/uploads/1217_pdf.pdf
LEGUMINOSAE. Hardy, graceful North American shrubs with dense spikes of flowers and feathery pinnate leaves. Easily grown in borders and shrubbery.
—Amorpha fruticosa. (500) AMOR-7. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.50, 1/4 pound: $22.50
'FALSE INDIGO'. Dark purple flowers in dense 3 - 6" spikes in summer. Hardy shrub to 5 - 20 feet, with feathery pinnate 6 - 12" leaves. Saskatchewan to México. Zone 3. "Remarkable for the unusual color of its dark violet-purplish flowers."—Bailey. Beautiful and easily grown. Sow the whole tiny pods to germinate in 3 - 5 weeks, or rub out of pods and nick or use hot water for higher germination.
PRIMULACEAE. Low growing annual, biennial and perennial herbs cultivated for their pretty little star- or wheel-shaped flowers in shades of red, blue and white. Free-flowering and easily grown in warm places. Good for edging borders and as pot-plants on a sunny windowsill. Sow indoors in March or outdoors in April. Germinates in 1 - 6 weeks at cool to warm temperatures.
—Anagallis arvensis. (1000) ANAG-2. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $7.50, 1/4 lb: $15.00
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'POOR MAN'S WEATHERGLASS' 'SCARLET PIMPERNEL'. Salmon-red 5-petaled flowers produced abundantly on a low, trailing plant to 8". The petals have a purple spot at the base, and the stamens are covered with delicate violet hairs - a beautiful sight under a hand lens. The flowers close up if rain threatens. Worldwide. Formerly highly regarded medicinally, with a reputation going back to Pliny and Dioscorides. The leaves were added sparingly to salads and greens. Germinates best with light and KNO3, or GA-3, in 2 - 6 weeks. Aged seed best.
"No heart can think, no tongue can tell,
The virtues of the pimpernel."—Old Folk Rhyme.
—Anagallis linifolia. (=coerulea) (1000) ANAG-5. Packet: $2.00
Oz: $7.50, 1/4 pound: $25.00
Large deep gentian-blue 3/4" wide flowers in masses. Half hardy annual to 8", forming a soft compact mound of foliage. Mediterranean region. Good for borders and edging. For a nice flowering pot plant for a sunny window, sow in July or August. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks warm.
GRAMINEAE. Many species of widely distributed grasses. Some were major components of the great American prairie. Important grasses for forage, erosion control, ornament and prairie restoration. Robust and easily grown. Seed viable 3 - 4 years.
—Andropogon Gerardi. (1000) ANDP-18. Packet: $2.50
Oz: $5.00, 1/4 lb: $10.00
'BIG BLUESTEM'. Native bunchgrass to 3 - 8 feet, with half-inch wide leaves and large, three-parted purplish spikes. Great Plains, from Canada to México. Zone 3. An excellent bunchgrass for ornament, prairie restoration, and erosion control. Provides forage and a rapid increase in the organic content of the soil. Strong and deep rooted, thriving in wet or dry places. Used medicinally by the Indians. The ashes are used in Navaho Evilway blackening. Seed germinates in about 2 weeks warm.
UMBELLIFERAE. Stout aromatic perennials with stately umbels of white or pale yellow flowers. Planted in the border for ornament, food and medicine. Sow in late fall to germinate in spring, or give 4 - 6 weeks cold treatment and sow in spring.
Angelicas often do best sown outdoors as varying temperatures seem to help germination.
Bertrand reports the best success germinating the seed by sowing on the soil surface, then covering with 1/4" of chick grit, to germinate at 60 - 70°F.
—Angelica atropurpurea. (50) ANGE-4. Packet: $2.50
10 grams: $7.50
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'ALEXANDERS'. Dark wine-purple stems and white flowers in 10" wide umbels. Hardy perennial to 6 feet, with divided leaves. Wet areas, eastern N. America. Hardy to Zone 4. Medicinal.
"Any close and worthwhile contact with the earth tends to make one original or at least detached in one's judgments and independent of group control."—L.H. Bailey.
COMPOSITAE. 'CHAMOMILE'. Very free-flowering hardy aromatic annuals, biennials and perennials, with yellow or white daisy-like flowers and finely divided foliage. Grown in the border, rock or herb garden for their abundant flowers. Needs full sun, and thrives in almost any soil, a dry sandy soil being best. Sow the annuals from March to May, on the soil surface, or up to 1/4" deep for some kinds. Flowers in about 13 weeks. Biennials and perennials may be sown any time up to August. Many will self sow. Some are very good for cut flowers.
—Anthemis nobilis. (=Chamaemelum nobile) (1000) ANTH-10. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $7.50, 25 grams: $25.00, 100 grams: $50.00
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'ROMAN CHAMOMILE', 'MANZANILLA'. A hardy, low growing, compact trailing perennial to 12", with abundant white 3/4" daisies with yellow centers in July to September, held above the aromatic, finely divided, feathery foliage. Europe. Zone 4. An excellent aromatic lawn substitute; do not mow till the second year. Grown since ancient times for flavoring and medicine, the Egyptians revered its virtues and dedicated it to their gods. Chamomile tea, made from the flowers, is an old favorite, being soothing, sedative, beneficial to digestion, tonic to the nerves, and tasty, too. The whole herb was used for making herb beer. Cut flowers when fully opened for tea. Germinates in 1 - 4 weeks warm.
—Anthemis Sancti-Johannis. (100) ANTH-13. Packet: $2.50
'ST. JOHN'S CHAMOMILE'. Deep orange-yellow 2" wide daisies. Hardy perennial to 2 feet, with divided leaves. Bulgaria. Zone 3. Showy and free flowering in well drained soil and full sun. Germinates in 1 - 5 weeks.
—Anthemis tinctoria 'Kelwayi'. (500) ANTH-14K. Packet: $2.50
5 grams: $15.00
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'GOLDEN MARGUERITE', 'DYER'S CHAMOMILE'. Lemon-yellow 1 1/2" daisies in summer to tall, held above finely cut feathery foliage. Hardy perennial to 16" or so. Europe. Zone 3. The flowers are used to dye wool and as a tea. "An excellent hardy perennial border plant, and useful at the same time for cut-flowers."—L.H. Bailey. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
"In wine there is truth."—Pliny.
GRAMINEAE. Fragrant annual and perennial grasses related to Hierochlöe and Phalaris. Easily grown.
—Anthoxanthum odoratum. (250) ANOX-18. Packet: $2.00
10 grams: $9.00
'SWEET VERNAL GRASS'. Hardy perennial bunch grass to 2 feet, with bronzy yellow 3" spikes. Eurasia. Zone 3. Has a pleasant vanilla-coumarin scent much like Hierochlöe, and is sown in pasture to scent the lay. Soaked in brandy for a medicinal tincture. Germinates in 3 - 4 weeks at warm temperatures, light helps.
UMBELLIFERAE. Parsley-like plants with pinnately compound leaves and umbels of small white flowers. Grown for the delicious aromatic leaves which are eaten in salads and in sauces. Easily grown from seed in any soil. Likes shade.
—Anthriscus sylvestris 'Ravenswing'. (25) ANTS-22R. Packet: $2.50
Stunning purple-red ferny foliage and umbels of small white flowers. Hardy perennial to 2 feet. Eurasia. Zone 6. Foliage good in flower arranging. Give seed 8 - 12 weeks prechill.
LEGUMINOSAE. Easily grown mostly hardy herbs and shrubs prized for their showy flowers. Good in rockwork and full sun. Likes lime. Soak, nick hard ones.
—Anthyllis vulneraria. (50) ANTY-10. Packet: $2.50
'LADY'S FINGERS', 'WOUNDWORT'. Bright yellow-orange flowers in dense heads on a sprawling hardy perennial to 6 - 8", with silky pinnate foliage. Eurasia. Zone 4. Good bee and butterfly plant and soil improver. Good in dry, sunny places. Medicinal. Seed half-life 9 years. Soak, nick hard ones, to germinate in 2 weeks or so.
SCROPHULARIACEAE. Very popular annuals and perennials grown for their showy flowers which are good for cutting. Excellent in the border, and the dwarf kinds for edging and in the rock garden. The modern types are very over hybridized, but the wild kinds and old-fashioned types still retain their natural beauty. Sow seed as early as February and as late as September for winter bloom. Avoid sowing during mid-summer heat. Do not cover the seed as light is beneficial to germination, which takes 10 to 20 days, and up to 72 days for some species at cool temperatures. Seed viable for 3 - 7 years or more.
Antirrhinum majus maximum Varieties:
'SNAPDRAGONS'. These are the old-fashioned open pollinated tall snapdragons, cottage-garden favorites. Easily grown, excellent for cut flowers.
—Antirrhinum majus 'Bizarre Mix'. (1000) ANTR-30BX. Packet: $2.50
5 gm: $9.00, 25 gm: $38.00
Unusual speckled, striped, and mottled flowers in a variety of shades. Long blooming, to 20" tall. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.
—Antirrhinum Choice O.P. Mix. (1000) ANTR-30CX. Packet: $2.50
Old fashioned open-pollinated snapdragons, in a mix of colors. To 1 - 2 feet. Germinates in 1 - 2 weeks.